G
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACEEE American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy

AEF America’s Energy Future

AEO Annual Energy Outlook

AISI American Iron and Steel Institute

APU auxiliary power unit

ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers

BAU business-as-usual

bbl/d barrel(s) per day

BEV battery-electric vehicle

BOF basic oxygen furnace

Btu British thermal unit

CAFE corporate average fuel economy (standard)

CCE cost of conserved energy

CEC California Energy Commission

CEF Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future study

CFL compact fluorescent lamp

CHP combined heat and power

CI compression-ignition

CO2 carbon dioxide

CPUC California Public Utilities Commission

CVT continuously variable transmission



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G Acronyms and Abbreviations ACEEE American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy AEF America’s Energy Future AEO Annual Energy Outlook AISI American Iron and Steel Institute APU auxiliary power unit ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers BAU business-as-usual bbl/d barrel(s) per day BEV battery-electric vehicle BOF basic oxygen furnace Btu British thermal unit CAFE corporate average fuel economy (standard) CCE cost of conserved energy CEC California Energy Commission CEF Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future study CFL compact fluorescent lamp CHP combined heat and power CI compression-ignition CO2 carbon dioxide CPUC California Public Utilities Commission CVT continuously variable transmission 

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 Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States DOE Department of Energy, U.S. DPF diesel particulate filter DSM demand-side management EAF electric arc furnace EIA Energy Information Administration EISA Energy Independence Security Act of 2007 EJ exajoule EPA Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. ERFC emphasis on reducing fuel consumption ERI Energy Recover, Inc. ESCO energy services company ESP electrostatic precipitator FCV fuel-cell vehicle FEMP Federal Energy Management Program FHWA Federal Highway Administration FY fiscal year GDP gross domestic product GVW gross vehicle weight GW gigawatt HCCI homogeneous-charge compression ignition HDV heavy-duty vehicle HEV hybrid-electric vehicle HFCV hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle HVAC heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning IAC industrial assessment center ICE internal-combustion engine IDEC indirect-direct evaporative cooling IEA International Energy Agency IECC International Energy Conservation Code IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IRP integrated resource planning

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Appendix G  IRR internal rate of return ITP Industrial Technologies Program ITS intelligent transportation system IWG Interlaboratory Working Group on Energy-Efficient and Clean Energy Technologies kw kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LDV light-duty vehicle LED light-emitting diode LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LIPA Long Island Power Authority low-E low-emissivity LPG liquefied petroleum gas MECS Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey MEF modified energy factor MHDV medium- and heavy-duty vehicle mpg miles per gallon MW megawatt MWh megawatt-hour NAE National Academy of Engineering NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement NAS National Academy of Sciences NEMS National Energy Modeling System NGL natural gas liquid NIACS North American Industry Classification System NOx nitrogen oxide NPV net present value NRC National Research Council NSPS New Source Performance Standards NSR New Source Review NYPA New York Power Authority NYSEO New York State Energy Office

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8 Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States NYSERDA New York State Energy Research and Development Authority O&M operations and maintenance OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development OEM original equipment manufacturer OLED organic light-emitting diode ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PHEV plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle PSC Public Service Commission PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene PUHCA Public Utilities Holding Company Act PURPA Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act PV photovoltaic R&D research and development RD&D research, development, and demonstration RHF rotary hearth furnace ROI return on investment SAF submerged arc furnace SBC system benefits charge SECP State Energy Conservation Program SEP State Energy Program SHGC solar heat gain coefficient SI spark-ignition SIC Standard Industrial Classification SO2 sulfur dioxide SOx sulfur oxide STC solar thermal cooling SUV sport utility vehicle SWEEP Southwest Energy Efficiency Project TRB Transporation Research Board TWh terawatt-hour

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Appendix G  USABC United States Advanced Battery Consortium VMT vehicle-miles traveled WAP Weatherization Assistance Program ZEH zero-energy home

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