. "Appendix E: Examples of Tsunami Education Efforts." Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2011.
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Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program
Household planning guidelines: The Washington State Emergency Management Department (WEMD) has published How the Smart Family Survived a Tsunami, which discusses tsunami education and preparedness for households in tsunami-prone areas.
Paraphernalia: The NTHMP has supported the development of tsunami education products, such as a heat-sensitive coffee mug, pens, bookmarks, family disaster cards, hazard zone decals, tent cards, trivia cards, videos, and posters. The NTHMP members can order products from a catalog, and several states disseminate products at community fairs and workshops. These products serve to disseminate common tsunami images or messages among NTHMP members.
Signage: Although signage along roadsides or in public places is primarily for identifying tsunami hazard zones and evacuation routes, they may have other educational benefits, such as generating media attention, providing a physical cue to motivate individuals to learn more about tsunamis, injecting tsunamis into hazard mitigation discussions, and disseminating consistent messages across jurisdictions.
TsuInfoNewsletter: The Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources produces TsuInfo, a bimonthly newsletter with more than 350 subscribers, to provide current tsunami and research information to local emergency managers, local officials, and others involved in tsunami mitigation efforts.
Videos: Several states have developed tsunami-related videos, including “Run to High Ground” (Washington), “Cascadia,” “The Forgotten Danger” (Puerto Rico), and “Tsunami! Surviving the Killer Wave,” which can be found in schools and libraries. The Pacific Tsunami Museum worked with others to produce and broadcast three tsunami-safety Public Service Announcements statewide in 2006.
ACTIVE EDUCATION DESIGNED FOR AT-RISK POPULATIONS
Community workshops and town hall meetings: Local emergency managers and state/federal officials organize community workshops and town hall meetings to discuss tsunami hazards, societal vulnerability to these threats, individual and household preparedness, and tsunami warning and evacuation procedures. Local newspapers and other media often advertise these forums and in many cases carry them live over local TV and radio. Workshops provide the public with the opportunity to interact and discuss tsunami topics with scientists, emergency managers, and local officials. Workshops tailored for specific groups (e.g., elected officials, businesses, state agencies, and tribes) can be designed to address educational and preparedness issues specific to their needs. A community-specific tsunami education workshop was held in Tokeland, Washington, in 2008 to address informational needs of a tribe and small unincorporated town. The workshop provided participants with tsunami information specific to their community and led to a review of the community’s level of preparedness.