in the desert, when we were there, too, and there’s nothing to do over there, and we figure you know you’re going to die from smoking but we might die from being hit by a rocket” (Haddock, 2008). See Table 3-3 for specific numbers regarding stress and smoking.

TABLE 3-3 Stress and Mental-Health Indicators by Smoking Statusa

Problem/Level

Never Smoked

Former Smokers

Current but Not Heavy Smokers

Current Heavy Smokers

Stress at work, past 12 months

A lot

15.4 (0.6)

17.6 (1.1)

23.4 (1.2)

29.8 (1.5)

Some/A little

59.4 (1.0)

62.1 (1.4)

55.2 (1.7)

53.4 (1.7)

None at all

25.3 (1.0)

20.3 (1.3)

21.4 (1.2)

16.8 (1.0)

Stress in family, past 12 months

A lot

26.9 (1.0)

31.4 (1.6)

38.3 (1.3)

51.0 (2.2)

Some/A little

58.0 (1.0)

57.9 (1.6)

51.6 (1.0)

40.7 (2.1)

None at all

15.1 (1.1)

10.7 (0.9)

10.1 (0.8)

8.4 (0.9)

Days in past month limited usual activities due to poor mental health

11 or more days

2.2 (0.3)

2.0 (0.4)

3.5 (0.4)

6.4 (0.9)

4-10 days

2.3 (0.3)

2.2 (0.4)

4.6 (0.6)

5.2 (1.0)

1-3 days

7.9 (0.4)

7.4 (0.8)

11.7 (0.9)

11.7 (0.8)

None

87.6 (0.7)

88.4 (0.9)

80.3 (0.9)

76.8 (1.6)

Need for further anxiety evaluation, past 30 days

Yes

15.6 (0.8)

16.1 (1.0)

20.7 (1.1)

32.2 (2.1)

No

84.4 (0.8)

83.9 (1.0)

79.3 (1.1)

67.8 (2.1)

Need for further depression evaluation

Yes

18.5 (0.9)

19.6 (1.0)

26.9 (1.5)

36.3 (2.2)

No

81.5 (0.9)

80.4 (1.0)

73.1 (1.5)

63.7 (2.2)

Suicidal ideation, past year

Yes

3.8 (0.4)

3.6 (0.7)

6.5 (0.6)

9.3 (1.5)

No

96.2 (0.4)

96.4 (0.7)

93.5 (0.6)

90.7 (1.5)

Serious psychological distress, past 30 days

Yes

6.5 (0.5)

6.0 (0.6)

10.0 (0.8)

14.5 (1.5)

No

93.5 (0.5)

94.0 (0.6)

90.0 (0.8)

85.5 (1.5)

Need for further PTSD evaluation, past 30 days

Yes

0.9 (0.2)

0.7 (0.2)

2.0 (0.2)

4.0 (0.6)

No

99.1 (0.2)

99.3 (0.2)

98.0 (0.2)

96.0 (0.6)



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