Appendix B
Acronyms

AGI acute gastrointestinal illness

AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome

BOD biochemical oxygen demand

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CSTE Council for State and Territorial Epidemiologists

CWS community water systems

DALY disability-adjusted life year

DFBMD Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases

DOC dissolved organic carbon

DPD diethyl-p-phenylenediamine

DPH Wisconsin Division of Public Health

ENSO El Niño–Southern Oscillation

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

FDA Food and Drug Administration

GIS geographic information sciences

GPM gallons per minute

HIV human immunodeficiency virus

HPC heterotrophic plate count



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Appendix B Acronyms AGI acute gastrointestinal illness AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome BOD biochemical oxygen demand CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CSTE Council for State and Territorial Epidemiologists CWS community water systems DALY disability-adjusted life year DFBMD Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases DOC dissolved organic carbon DPD diethyl-p-phenylenediamine DPH Wisconsin Division of Public Health ENSO El Niño–Southern Oscillation EPA Environmental Protection Agency FDA Food and Drug Administration GIS geographic information sciences GPM gallons per minute HIV human immunodeficiency virus HPC heterotrophic plate count 2

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22 GLOBAL ISSUES IN WATER, SANITATION, AND HEALTH HUS hemolytic uremic syndrome ICC integrated cell culture IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency JMP Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation MDG Millennium Development Goal MFC microbial fuel cell MHD Milwaukee Health Department MOE Ministry of Environment (Canada) MOH Medical Officer of Health (Canada) MWW Milwaukee Water Works NCZVED National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-borne and Enteric Diseases NGO nongovernmental organization NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIH National Institutes of Health NRC National Research Council NTU nephelometric turbidity unit OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development PAHO Pan American Health Organization PCR polymerase chain reaction PET polyethylene terephthalate PUC Walkerton Public Utilities Commission SAC Spills Action Centre (Canada) SCADA supervisory control and data acquisition system SCID severe combined immunodeficient TCR Total Coliform Rule TCRDSAC Total Coliform Rule/Distribution System Advisory Committee UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund UV ultraviolet WBDOSS Waterborne Disease and Outbreak Surveillance System WHO World Health Organization