Appendix D
Tabulated Summary of Reported Values of Harbor Seal Flushing Distances

Disturbance Source

Mean (m)

SD

Range (m)

Habitat Type

Reference

Powerboat

No Data

No Data

<100–300

Small Estuary

Allen et al., 1984

Powerboat

144

No Data

28-260

Island Archipelago

Suryan and Harvey, 1999

Powerboat

80

No Data

No Data

Glacial Fjord

Mathews, 1996

Powerboat

105

105

No Data

Glacial Fjord

Lewis and Mathews, 2000

Stationary Powerboat

191

125

27–371

Island Archipelago

Johnson and Acevedo-Gutierez, 2007

Motor yacht

533

No Data

100–1150

Large Estuary

Brasseur and Reijnders, 1994a

Rubber Dinghy

350

No Data

70–650

Large Estuary

Brasseur and Reijnders, 1994a

Cruise Ship

200

No Data

<100–850

Glacial Fjord

Nansen et al., 2006a

Cruise Ship

123

No Data

No Data

Glacial Fjord

Mathews, 1996

People

No Data

No Data

<100–200

Small Estuary

Allen et al 1984

People

200

No Data

10–400

Large Estuary

Brasseur and Reijnders, 1994a

People

142

135

No Data

Glacial Fjord

Lewis and Mathews, 2000

avalues estimated from figures



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Appendix D Tabulated Summary of Reported Values of Harbor Seal Flushing Distances Disturbance Mean Range Source (m) SD (m) Habitat Type Reference Powerboat No Data No Data <100–300 Small Estuary Allen et al., 1984 Powerboat 144 No Data 28-260 Island Suryan and Harvey, Archipelago 1999 Powerboat 80 No Data No Data Glacial Fjord Mathews, 1996 Powerboat 105 105 No Data Glacial Fjord Lewis and Mathews, 2000 Stationary 191 125 27–371 Island Johnson and Acevedo- Powerboat Archipelago Gutierez, 2007 Motor 533 No Data 100–1150 Large Estuary Brasseur and Reijnders, 1994a yacht Rubber 350 No Data 70–650 Large Estuary Brasseur and Reijnders, 1994a Dinghy Nansen et al., 2006a Cruise Ship 200 No Data <100–850 Glacial Fjord Cruise Ship 123 No Data No Data Glacial Fjord Mathews, 1996 People No Data No Data <100–200 Small Estuary Allen et al 1984 People 200 No Data 10–400 Large Estuary Brasseur and Reijnders, 1994a People 142 135 No Data Glacial Fjord Lewis and Mathews, 2000 avalues estimated from figures