A
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A References Anderson, G. F. 2005. Medicare and chronic conditions. New England Journal of Medicine 353(3):305-309. Armaiz-Pena, G. N., S. K. Lutgendorf, S. W. Cole, and A. K. Sood. 2009. Neuroendocrine modulation of cancer progression. Brain, Be- havior, and Immunity 23(1):10-15. Barnes, P., B. Bloom, and R. Nahin. 2008. National health statistics re- port #12. Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults and children: United States, 2007. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Bernhard, J. D., J. Kristeller, and J. Kabat-Zinn. 1988. Effectiveness of relaxation and visualization techniques as an adjunct to phototherapy and photochemotherapy of psoriasis. Journal of the American Acad- emy of Dermatology 19(3):572-574. Bland, J. 2008. Systems biology, functional medicine, and folates. Alter- native Therapies in Health and Medicine 14(3):18-20. Boden, W. E., R. A. O’Rourke, K. K. Teo, P. M. Hartigan, D. J. Maron, W. J. Kostuk, M. Knudtson, M. Dada, P. Casperson, C. L. Harris, B. R. Chaitman, L. Shaw, G. Gosselin, S. Nawaz, L. M. Title, G. Gau, A. S. Blaustein, D. C. Booth, E. R. Bates, J. A. Spertus, D. S. Ber- man, G. B. Mancini, and W. S. Weintraub. 2007. Optimal medical therapy with or without PCI for stable coronary disease. New Eng- land Journal of Medicine 356(15):1503-1516. Burack, J. H., D. C. Barrett, R. D. Stall, M. A. Chesney, M. L. Ekstrand, and T. J. Coates. 1993. Depressive symptoms and cd4 lymphocyte decline among HIV-infected men. Journal of the American Medical Association 270(21):2568-2573. 165

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167 APPENDIX A Dolinoy, D. C., J. R. Weidman, R. A. Waterland, and R. L. Jirtle. 2006. Maternal genistein alters coat color and protects Avy mouse off- spring from obesity by modifying the fetal epigenome. Environ- mental Health Perspectives 114(4):567-572. Dolinoy, D. C., D. Huang, and R. L. Jirtle. 2007. Maternal nutrient sup- plementation counteracts bisphenol A-induced DNA hypomethyla- tion in early development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(32):13056-13061. Druss, B. G., S. C. Marcus, M. Olfson, T. Tanielian, L. Elinson, and H. A. Pincus. 2001. Comparing the national economic burden of five chronic conditions. Health Affairs 20(6):233-241. Dusek, J. A., P. L. Hibberd, B. Buczynski, B. H. Chang, K. C. Dusek, J. M. Johnston, A. L. Wohlhueter, H. Benson, and R. M. Zusman. 2008. Stress management versus lifestyle modification on systolic hypertension and medication elimination: A randomized trial. Jour- nal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 14(2):129-138. Epel, E. S., E. H. Blackburn, J. Lin, F. S. Dhabhar, N. E. Adler, J. D. Morrow, and R. M. Cawthon. 2004. Accelerated telomere shortening in response to life stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(49):17312-17315. Erickson, K. I., and A. F. Kramer. 2009. Aerobic exercise effects on cognitive and neural plasticity in older adults. British Journal of Sports Medicine 43(1):22-24. Flexner, A. 1910. Medical education in the United States and Canada: A report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. New York: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Forster, A. J., H. J. Murff, J. F. Peterson, T. K. Gandhi, and D. W. Bates. 2003. The incidence and severity of adverse events affecting patients after discharge from the hospital. Annals of Internal Medicine 138(3):161-167. Frasure-Smith, N., F. Lesperance, and M. Talajic. 1993. Depression fol- lowing myocardial infarction. Impact on 6-month survival. Journal of the American Medical Association 270(15):1819-1825. GAO (Government Accountability Office). 2008. Primary care profes- sionals: Recent trends, projections, and valuation of services. Wash- ington, DC: GAO. Gould, K. L., D. Ornish, L. Scherwitz, S. Brown, R. P. Edens, M. J. Hess, N. Mullani, L. Bolomey, F. Dobbs, W. T. Armstrong, T. Mer- ritt, T. Ports, S. Sparler, and J. Billings. 1995. Changes in myocardial perfusion abnormalities by positron emission tomography after long-

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169 APPENDIX A Knowler, W. C., E. Barrett-Connor, S. E. Fowler, R. F. Hamman, J. M. Lachin, E. A. Walker, and D. M. Nathan. 2002. Reduction in the in- cidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. New England Journal of Medicine 346(6):393-403. Lantz, P. M., J. S. House, J. M. Lepkowski, D. R. Williams, R. P. Mero, and J. Chen. 1998. Socioeconomic factors, health behaviors, and mortality: Results from a nationally representative prospective study of us adults. Journal of the American Medical Association 279(21):1703-1708. Mare, R. D. 1990. Socio-economic careers and differential mortality among older men in the U.S. In Measurement and analysis of mor- tality—new approaches, edited by J. Vallin, S. D’Souza and A. Pal- loni. Clarendon, UK: Oxford. Pp. 362-387. Marmot, M. 2004. The status syndrome: How social status affects our health and longevity. New York: Times Books. Mayne, T. J., E. Vittinghoff, M. A. Chesney, D. C. Barrett, and T. J. Coates. 1996. Depressive affect and survival among gay and bisexual men infected with HIV. Archives of Internal Medicine 156(19):2233- 2238. McEwen, B. S. 1998. Protective and damaging effects of stress media- tors. New England Journal of Medicine 338(3):171-179. McGlynn, E. A., S. M. Asch, J. Adams, J. Keesey, J. Hicks, A. DeCristo- faro, and E. A. Kerr. 2003. The quality of health care delivered to adults in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine 348(26):2635-2645. Mechanic, D., L. B. Rogut, D. Colby, and J. R. Knickman, eds. 2005. Policy challenges in modern health care. New Brunswick, NJ: Rut- gers University Press. Nahin, R.L., P.M. Barnes, B.J. Stussman, and B. Bloom. National health statistics report #18. Costs of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and Frequency of Visits to CAM Practitioners: United States, 2007. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2009. National Business Group on Health. 2007. A purchaser’s guide to clini- cal preventive services: Moving science into coverage. Washington, DC: National Business Group on Health. National Health Service Institute for Innovation and Improvement. 2009. Working with others. http://www.institute.nhs.uk/assessment_tool/ general/working_with_others.html (accessed May 19, 2009).

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171 APPENDIX A Ornish, D., M. J. Magbanua, G. Weidner, V. Weinberg, C. Kemp, C. Green, M. D. Mattie, R. Marlin, J. Simko, K. Shinohara, C. M. Haqq, and P. R. Carroll. 2008a. Changes in prostate gene expression in men undergoing an intensive nutrition and lifestyle intervention. Proceed- ings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(24):8369-8374. Ornish, D., J. Lin, J. Daubenmier, G. Weidner, E. Epel, C. Kemp, M. J. Magbanua, R. Marlin, L. Yglecias, P. R. Carroll, and E. H. Black- burn. 2008b. Increased telomerase activity and comprehensive life- style changes: A pilot study. Lancet Oncology 9(11):1048-1057. Page, S. J., P. Levine, and A. Leonard. 2007. Mental practice in chronic stroke: Results of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Stroke 38(4):1293-1297. Pamuk, E., D. Makuc, K. Heck, C. Reuben, and K. Lochner. 1998. Health, United States, 1998. In Socioeconomic status and health chartbook. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Pp. 145-159. Pappas, G., S. Queen, W. Hadden, and G. Fisher. 1993. The increasing disparity in mortality between socioeconomic groups in the United States, 1960 and 1986. New England Journal of Medicine 329(2):103-109. Pelletier, K. R. 2009 (in press). A review and assessment of clinical and cost outcomes of comprehensive health promotion and disease man- agement programs in the worksite: Update vii: 2004-2008. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Pelletier, K. R., P. M. Herman, R. D. Metz, and C. F. Nelson. Unpub- lished. Health and medical economics: Applications to integrative medicine. Walnut Creek, CA: University of Arizona and University of California (UCSF) Schools of Medicine. Prochaska, J. O., and C. C. DiClemente. 1983. Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: Toward an integrative model of change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 51(3):390-395. Reeves, S., M. Zwarenstein, J. Goldman, H. Barr, D. Freeth, M. Ham- mick, and I. Koppel. 2008. Interprofessional education: Effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008(1):CD002213. DOI: 002210.001002/ 14651858.CD14002213.pub14651852. Reik, W., W. Dean, and J. Walter. 2001. Epigenetic reprogramming in mammalian development. Science 293(5532):1089-1093.

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173 APPENDIX A van Helden, Y. G., J. Keijer, A. M. Knaapen, S. G. Heil, J. J. Briede, F. J. van Schooten, and R. W. Godschalk. 2009. Beta-carotene metabo- lites enhance inflammation-induced oxidative DNA damage in lung epithelial cells. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 46(2):299-304. Waddell, G., and A. K. Burton. 2006. Is work good for your health and well being? London: The Stationery Office. Waterland, R. A., and R. L. Jirtle. 2003. Transposable elements: Targets for early nutritional effects on epigenetic gene regulation. Molecular and Cellular Biology 23(15):5293-5300. Weston, A. D., and L. Hood. 2004. Systems biology, proteomics, and the future of health care: Toward predictive, preventative, and personal- ized medicine. Journal of Proteome Research 3(2):179-196. Yusuf, S., S. Hawken, S. Ounpuu, T. Dans, A. Avezum, F. Lanas, M. McQueen, A. Budaj, P. Pais, J. Varigos, and L. Lisheng. 2004. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial in- farction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): Case-control study. Lancet 364(9438):937-952.

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