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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit D Speaker and Staff Biographies SPEAKER BIOGRAPHIES Nancy E. Adler, Ph.D. Dr. Adler is Professor of Psychology, Departments of Psychiatry and Pediatrics at the University of California, San Francisco, where she is also Vice Chair of the Department of Psychiatry, and Director of the Center for Health and Community. Dr. Adler is a Fellow of the American Psychological Society and the American Psychological Association. She is a member of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology, the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research, the Society for Behavioral Medicine, and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Adler’s earlier research examined the utility of decision models for understanding health behaviors with particular focus on reproductive health. This work identified both determinants and consequences of unwanted pregnancy. Her current work examines the pathways from socioeconomic status (SES) to health. As Director of the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on SES and Health, she coordinates research spanning social, psychological, and biological mechanisms by which SES influences health. Donald M. Berwick, M.D., M.P.P., FRCP Dr. Berwick is President and CEO of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. He is one of the nation’s leading authorities on health care quality and improvement issues. He is also Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Health Care Policy at the Harvard Medical School. Dr. Berwick has served as Vice Chair of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, the first Independent Member of the Board of Trustees of the American Hospital Association, and as Chair on the National Advisory Council of
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. He served on President Clinton’s Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Healthcare Industry. Co-chaired by the Secretaries of Health and Human Services and Labor, the commission was charged with developing a broader understanding of issues facing the rapidly evolving health care delivery system and building consensus on ways to assure and improve the quality of health care. Carol Black, D.B.E., M.D., FRCP, FMedSci (planning committee member) Professor Dame Carol Black is the National Director for Health and Work, Chairman of the Nuffield Trust, and Chairman of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges. Her unit at the Royal Free Hospital, London, is the major center in Europe for clinical care and research on systemic sclerosis and is internationally renowned. Since the mid-1990s, she has worked at board level in a number of organizations: the Royal College of Physicians, the Royal Free Hospital Hampstead National Health Service (NHS) Trust, the Health Foundation, the NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement, and St. Mary’s and Hammersmith Hospitals Charitable Funds. She is also a member of many national committees aiming to improve health care. She is a Foreign Affiliate of the Institute of Medicine and has been awarded many honorary degrees and fellowships. Josephine P. Briggs, M.D. Dr. Briggs was named Director of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine on January 24, 2008. An accomplished researcher and physician, Dr. Briggs brings a focus on translational research to the study of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to help build a fuller understanding of the usefulness and safety of CAM practices. Dr. Briggs joined the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 1997 as Director of the Division of Kidney, Urologic, and Hematologic Diseases at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) where she oversaw extramural research activities in kidney and urological disease. While at NIDDK, she cochaired an NIH Roadmap Committee on Translational Core Resources. From 2006 to 2008, she served as Senior Scientific Officer at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Dr. Briggs’ research interests include the reninangiotensin system, diabetic nephropathy, circadian regulation of blood pressure, and the effect of antioxidants in kidney disease.
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit Cyril Chantler (planning committee member) Cyril Chantler is Chairman of the King’s Fund, London, and of University College London Partners. He is Chairman of the Beit Memorial Fellowships Board. He is a trustee of the Dunhill Medical Trust, a member of the Council of Southwark Cathedral, and a member of the editorial board of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Cyril Chantler was Dean of the Guy’s, King’s College and St. Thomas’ Hospitals’ Medical and Dental School, where he was the Children Nationwide Medical Research Fund Professor of Pediatric Nephrology until his retirement in 2000. Previously, he was Principal of the United Medical and Dental School of Guy’s and St. Thomas’s Hospitals (1992 to 1998) and General Manager of Guy’s Hospital (1985 to 1988). He was Chairman of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (2001 to 2008) and of the Clinical Advisory Group for National Health Service London (2007 to 2008). Richard A. Cooper, M.D. Dr. Cooper is a Professor of Medicine and Senior Fellow in the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics at the University of Pennsylvania. Following 2 years on the faculty at Harvard, Dr. Cooper became Chief of the Hematology Section in the Department of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania and subsequently Director of Penn’s Cancer Center, positions he held for 14 years. In 1985 he moved to the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, where he served as Executive Vice President and Dean and subsequently as the Director of the College’s Health Policy Institute. In 2005, he returned to the University of Pennsylvania as a Professor of Medicine in the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics. Over the past 15 years, Dr. Cooper has focused on issues related to the supply of physicians and nonphysician clinicians, including the development of the Trend Model for estimating future demand and the Affluence–Poverty Nexus, a multidimensional framework that explains geographic variation in health care resources and utilization. Thomas J. Donohue Thomas J. Donohue is President and CEO of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. Since assuming his position in 1997, Donohue has built the Chamber into a lobbying and political force with expanded influence across the globe. Under Donohue’s leadership, the Chamber has emerged as a major player in election politics, and it has tripled its annual reve-
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit nues to more than $130 million. Prior to his current post, Donohue served for 13 years as President and CEO of the American Trucking Associations, the national organization of the trucking industry. Donohue is President of the Center for International Private Enterprise, a program of the National Endowment for Democracy dedicated to the development of market-oriented institutions around the world. Born in New York City in 1938, Donohue earned a bachelor’s degree from St. John’s University and a master’s degree in business administration from Adelphi University. Harvey V. Fineberg, M.D., Ph.D. Dr. Fineberg is President of the Institute of Medicine. He previously served Harvard University as Provost and as Dean of the School of Public Health. He also has served as President of the Society for Medical Decision Making and Consultant to the World Health Organization. His research has included assessment of medical technology, evaluation of vaccines, and dissemination of medical innovations. He is the author or coauthor of numerous books and articles on subjects ranging from AIDS prevention to medical education. Fineberg holds four degrees from Harvard, including the M.D. and Ph.D. in Public Policy. Tracy Gaudet, M.D. Dr. Gaudet is the Executive Director of Duke Integrative Medicine at Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina. Under her leadership, Duke Integrative Medicine has recently opened a state-of-the-art health care facility dedicated to the transformation of medicine through the exploration of new models of whole-person health care. Prior to her work at Duke, Dr. Gaudet was the founding Executive Director of the University of Arizona Program in Integrative Medicine, helping to design the country’s first comprehensive curriculum in this new field. Dr. Gaudet is the author of Consciously Female, a book on integrative medicine and women’s health, and Body, Soul, and Baby, a comprehensive guide to pregnancy. She writes a regular column for Body+Soul magazine and is widely recognized as a leader in the emerging field of integrative medicine through her contributions to numerous journals, publications, and television programs. William W. George Bill George is a Professor of Management Practice at Harvard Business School, where he is teaching leadership and leadership development, and
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit is the Henry B. Arthur Fellow of Ethics. He is the author of the best-selling books True North, Discover Your Authentic Leadership and Authentic Leadership: Rediscovering the Secrets of Creating Lasting Value. Mr. George is the former Chairman and CEO of Medtronic. Under his leadership, Medtronic’s market capitalization grew from $1.1 billion to $60 billion, averaging a 35 percent increase each year. Mr. George has made frequent appearances on television and radio, and his articles have appeared in numerous publications. He has been named one of “Top 25 Business Leaders of the Past 25 Years” by PBS. Elizabeth A. Goldblatt, Ph.D., M.P.A./H.A. (planning committee member) Dr. Goldblatt is Chair of the Academic Consortium for Complementary and Alternative Health Care. She is currently Vice President for Academic Affairs at the American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ACTCM), and she was President of the Council of Colleges of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine from 1996 to 2002. She oversees an integrative clinical doctoral program at ACTCM, and works with the University of California Osher Center and California Pacific Medical Center in acupuncture internship placements and developing cross-education projects. Dr. Goldblatt believes that when the biomedical community and the complementary alternative medicine community build health care teams and work collaboratively in integrative settings, that this approach to health care is often best for the patient’s treatment and healing process. Lawrence W. Green, Dr.P.H. Dr. Green, before joining the University of California, San Francisco, was Director of the Office of Science and Extramural Research for the Centers for Disease Control. He has been on the public health and medical faculties at University of California, Berkeley; Johns Hopkins University, Harvard University, University of Texas, Houston, and the University of British Columbia. He was the first Director of the Office of Health Promotion under the Carter administration, and a Vice President of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. He has published several books and over 300 articles on program planning, evidence, and evaluation issues in health services and public health. He has served on the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and now serves on the Task Force on Community Preventive Services as Associate Editor of the Annual Reviews of Public Health, and on the editorial boards of 13 other journals.
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit Erminia “Mimi” Guarneri, M.D., FACC (planning committee member) Dr. Guarneri is the Founder and Medical Director of the Scripps Center for Integrative Medicine. Recognizing the need for a more comprehensive and more holistic approach to cardiovascular disease, she pioneered the center where she uses state-of-the-art cardiac imaging technology and lifestyle change programs to aggressively diagnose, prevent, and treat cardiovascular disease. She is the author of The Heart Speaks, a poignant collection of stories from heart patients who have benefited from integrative medicine approaches. Dr. Guarneri is regularly quoted in national publications such as the Yoga Journal, Body+Soul magazine and WebMD. Her medical degree is from SUNY Medical Center in New York where she graduated number one in her class. George C. Halvorson Mr. Halvorson was named Chairman and CEO of Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc., and Kaiser Foundation Hospitals in March 2002. He was formerly President and CEO of HealthPartners, headquartered in Minneapolis. He is the author of comprehensive books on the U.S. health care system including his latest, Health Care Reform Now! In January 2009, Mr. Halvorson chaired the Healthcare Governor’s Meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. He serves on a number of boards, including those of America’s Health Insurance Plans, where he was the 2007 to 2008 Chair, and the Alliance of Community Health Plans. He is the current President of the International Federation of Health Plans and Chair of the Partnership for Quality Care with the Service Employees International Union. George also serves on the Institute of Medicine’s Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine and on the Commonwealth Fund’s Commission on a High-Performance Health System. Widely credited with supporting the successful rollout of Kaiser’s multibillion dollar information technology initiative, Mr. Halvorson has won numerous awards for his commitment to health technology, including the Modern Healthcare CEO IT Achievement Award. Senator Tom Harkin Since first being elected to the U.S. Congress in 1974 and later to the U.S. Senate in 1984, Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) has led the fight to improve health care for every American, including those in rural areas and people with disabilities. Concerned by reports of rising obesity and pre-
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit ventable illness, Harkin has introduced the Healthy Lifestyles and Prevention America Act, which takes a comprehensive approach encouraging healthier lifestyles and focusing on nutrition, physical activity, mental health, and tobacco cessation. Recently, Senator Edward Kennedy tapped Harkin to lead a working group charged with crafting the prevention and public health components of the upcoming health reform bill. Harkin is currently the Chairman of the Senate Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Subcommittee, the Chairman of the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee, as well as being a senior member on the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pension Committee and the Small Business Committee. Michael M. E. Johns, M.D. (planning committee member) Dr. Johns assumed the post of Chancellor for Emory University on October 1, 2007. Prior to that, starting in 1996, he served as Executive Vice President for Health Affairs; CEO, the Robert W. Woodruff Health Sciences Center; Chairman of the Board, Emory Healthcare; Cochairman of the Board, EHCA, LLC; and Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, Emory University School of Medicine. Dr. Johns engineered the transformation of the Health Sciences Center into one of the nation’s preeminent centers in education, research, and patient care. Highlights include major growth and reshaping of the research enterprise, development of enhanced curricula for each of the health professions schools, formation of Emory Healthcare through consolidation and realignment of Emory’s extensive clinical enterprise, and the most extensive facilities improvement plan in Emory history. Dr. Johns received his bachelor’s degree at Wayne State University and his medical degree from the University of Michigan Medical School. As a cancer surgeon of head and neck tumors, he was internationally recognized for his clinical care and his studies of treatment outcomes. Janet R. Kahn, Ph.D. Dr. Kahn is Executive Director of the Integrated Healthcare Policy Consortium (www.ihpc.info), Director of the Center for Integrated Health Care at the Community Health Center of Burlington, and Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Vermont. She is a medical sociologist with an interest in the organizational issues of equitable health care delivery and the role of federal, state, and local policies on individual health-related choices. She is also a
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit massage therapist, specializing in treating people with chronic pain and exploring the contributions of touch, movement, and mindfulness to human well-being. Dr. Kahn is a coinvestigator on two studies currently in the field—a clinical trial comparing forms of massage with different theoretical mechanisms of action for treatment of chronic low back pain, and a Phase II Small Business Innovation Research grant to develop and test an educational DVD and print manual for cancer patients and their caregivers. David L. Katz, M.D., M.P.H., FACPM, FACP Dr. Katz is an internationally recognized authority on nutrition, weight management, and the prevention of chronic disease. He is a board certified specialist in both Internal Medicine and Preventive Medicine/Public Health, and Associate Professor (adjunct) in Public Health Practice at the Yale University School of Medicine. Katz is the Director and Founder of Yale University’s Prevention Research Center and the Integrative Medicine Center at Griffin Hospital in Derby, Connecticut, as well as Founder and President of the nonprofit Turn the Tide Foundation. Katz has published over 100 scientific papers and chapters and 12 books to date; he has acquired and managed some $25 million in research funds. He is a prominent medical journalist and commentator, having formerly served as a medical contributor to ABC News with routine appearances on Good Morning America. The owner of five U.S. patents, Katz is the principal inventor of the Overall Nutritional Quality Index (ONQI) algorithm (www.nuval.com). Mary Jo Kreitzer, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN Dr. Kreitzer is Founder and Director of the Center for Spirituality and Healing. She is currently the coprincipal investigator of several clinical trials and grants that encompass a variety of topics: mindfulness meditation for solid organ transplant patients; integrated residential treatment programs for women with eating disorders; mind–body interventions for caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients; comparing mindfulness meditation with pharmacotherapy for people with chronic insomnia; and integrating research in a complementary and alternative medicine educational institution. In addition to her administrative responsibilities in the Center for Spirituality and Healing, Dr. Kreitzer teaches in the graduate minor in complementary therapies and healing practices and is a tenured professor in the School of Nursing. From 2004 to 2007, she served as the Vice Chair of the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit Medicine. She was recently named by Minnesota Physician as one of the 100 most influential health care leaders in the state. Dr. Kreitzer earned her doctoral degree in health services research and her master’s and bachelor’s degrees in nursing. Richard Lifton, M.D., Ph.D. (planning committee member) Richard Lifton is Chairman of the Department of Genetics, Sterling Professor of Genetics and Internal Medicine, Director of the Yale Center for Human Genetics and Genomics, and Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at Yale University School of Medicine. Dr. Lifton’s laboratory has used human genetics and genomics to identify causes of heart, kidney, and bone disease. By investigating thousands of families from around the world, his group has identified more than 25 human disease genes. These include key genes and pathways that are critical to the risk of hypertension, stroke, heart attack, and osteoporosis. These studies have provided new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to these diseases, which affect more than 1 billion people worldwide. His honors include election to the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, and the 2008 Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences. Mike Magee, M.D. Dr. Magee is Senior Fellow for Health Policy at the Center for Aging Services Technologies of the American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging and Editor of HealthCommentary.org and HealthyWaters.org. He is well known for his unique perspective on health care and for the championing of patient rights, principled leadership, access to scientific discoveries, and a populist vision for health system reform in the United States. From 2003 to 2007, Dr. Magee was the host of Health Politics with Dr. Mike Magee, a weekly Internet program covering news and information related to health and health care, which covered a range of topics from obesity to aging and caregiving to global warming. He is the author of 10 books, including Home-Centered Health Care, Positive Leadership, and Healthy Waters. Dr. Magee is a member of the National Commission for Quality Long-Term Care, chaired by former U.S. Senator Bob Kerrey and former U.S. House Speaker Newt Gingrich. Victoria Maizes, M.D. Dr. Maizes is Executive Director of the Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Arizona and an Associate Professor of
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit Medicine, Family, and Community Medicine and Public Health. As founding Cochair of the education committee of the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, Dr. Maizes led a team of educators developing objectives for medical students in integrative medicine. Dr. Maizes stewarded the growth of the Program in Integrative Medicine from a small program educating four residential fellows per year to a designated Center of Excellence training more than 150 residents and fellows in its comprehensive integrative medicine educational programs. She helped create the comprehensive curriculum in integrative medicine that is now used for fellows and pioneered multiple innovative educational programs including the Integrative Family Medicine Program and Integrative Medicine in Residency, two national models for educating primary care physicians. She is frequently sought out as a speaker on topics including integrative medical education, women’s health, healthy aging, nutrition, and cancer. Bruce S. McEwen, Ph.D. (planning committee member) Dr. McEwen is the Alfred E. Mirsky Professor and Head of the Harold and Margaret Milliken Hatch Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology at the Rockefeller University. As a neuroscientist and neuroendocrinologist, McEwen studies environmentally regulated, variable gene expression in the brain mediated by circulating steroid hormones and endogenous neurotransmitters in relation to brain sexual differentiation and the actions of sex, stress, and thyroid hormones on the adult brain. His laboratory discovered adrenal steroid receptors in the hippocampus in 1968. His laboratory combines molecular, anatomical, pharmacological, physiological, and behavioral methodologies and relates their findings to human clinical information. His current research focuses on stress effects on amygdala and prefrontal cortex as well as hippocampus, and his laboratory also investigates sex hormone effects and sex differences in these brain regions. Arnold Milstein M.D., M.P.H. Dr. Milstein is the Medical Director of the Pacific Business Group on Health and the Chief Physician at Mercer Health & Benefits. His work and publications focus on health care purchasing strategy, the psychology of clinical performance improvement, and clinical innovations that reduce total health care spending. He cofounded both the Leapfrog Group and the Consumer-Purchaser Disclosure Project. He heads
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit performance measurement activities for both initiatives and is a Congressional MedPAC Commissioner. The New England Journal of Medicine’s series on employer-sponsored health insurance described him as a “pioneer” in efforts to advance quality of care. He was selected for the highest annual award of the National Business Group on Health, for nationally distinguished innovation in health care cost reduction and quality gains. William Novelli Mr. Novelli is CEO of AARP, a membership organization of 40 million people age 50 and older, half of whom remain actively employed. Prior to joining AARP, Mr. Novelli was President of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Previously, he was Executive Vice President of CARE, the world’s largest private relief and development organization. Earlier, Mr. Novelli cofounded and was President of Porter Novelli, now one of the world’s largest public relations agencies and part of the Omnicom Group, an international marketing communications corporation. He retired from the firm in 1990 to pursue a second career in public service. He was named one of the 100 most influential public relations professionals of the 20th century by the industry’s leading publication. Mr. Novelli is a recognized leader in social marketing and social change, and has managed programs in cancer control, diet and nutrition, cardiovascular health, reproductive health, infant survival, pay increases for educators, charitable giving, and other programs in the United States and the developing world. Dean Ornish, M.D. (planning committee member) Dr. Ornish is the Founder and President of the nonprofit Preventive Medicine Research Institute (www.pmri.org), where he holds the Safeway Chair, and he is Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. For over 30 years, Dr. Ornish has directed randomized controlled trials demonstrating, for the first time, that comprehensive lifestyle changes may begin to reverse even severe coronary heart disease and early-stage prostate cancer without drugs or surgery. He and his colleagues recently demonstrated that comprehensive lifestyle changes may up-regulate disease-preventing genes and down-regulate genes that promote cancer and heart disease. This study also showed, for the first time, that comprehensive lifestyle changes may increase telomerase and, thus, telomeres, the ends of chromosomes that
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit control how long we live. He is the author of six best-selling books, including his newest New York Times’ bestseller, The Spectrum. Dr. Ornish was selected as one of the “TIME 100” in integrative medicine and chosen by LIFE magazine as “one of the fifty most influential members of his generation.” Mehmet C. Oz, M.D. Dr. Oz is the Vice Chair and Professor of Surgery at Columbia University. His research interests include heart replacement surgery, minimally invasive cardiac surgery, complementary medicine, and health care policy. He has authored over 400 original publications, book chapters, and medical books, and he has received several patents. He performs an estimated 250 heart operations annually. Dr. Oz is the Health Expert on The Oprah Winfrey Show and is also host of The Doctor Oz Show heard daily on Oprah & Friends—SiriusXM Radio. He has been the chief medical consultant to Discovery Communications, and his Transplant! series won both a Freddie and a Silver Telly award. In addition to numerous appearances on Good Morning America, he has guest hosted The Charlie Rose Show and appeared on all the evening news broadcasts. In addition to belonging to every major professional society for heart surgeons, Dr. Oz has been honored as one of Time magazine’s 100 Most Influential People (2008) and Esquire magazine’s 75 Most Influential People of the 21st century. Kenneth R. Pelletier, Ph.D., M.D.(hc) Dr. Pelletier is a Clinical Professor of Medicine and Professor of Public Health at the University of Arizona School of Medicine and Director of the Corporate Health Improvement Program (CHIP). He is also a Clinical Professor of Medicine in the Departments of Family and Community Medicine and Psychiatry at the University of California School of Medicine (UCSF) San Francisco. Prior to these positions, Dr. Pelletier served as Clinical Professor of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine; Director of the Stanford Corporate Health Program; and was Director of the NIH-funded Complementary and Alternative Medicine Program at Stanford (CAMPS). He was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow, studied at the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich, Switzerland, and has published over 300 professional journal articles in behavioral medicine, disease management, worksite interventions, and alternative/integrative medicine. At the present time, Dr. Pelletier is a medical and business advisor to the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Business Group on
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit Health, the Federation of State Medical Boards, and several national and international corporations including Ford, Dow, IBM, Prudential, Pepsi, and NASA. Dr. Pelletier is the author of 12 major books including the international bestseller New Medicine: Integrating Complementary, Alternative, and Conventional Medicine. Adam Perlman, M.D., M.P.H., FACP Dr. Perlman became Director of Integrative Medicine for the Saint Barnabas Health Care System and founding Medical Director for the Carol and Morton Siegler Center for Integrative Medicine, in Livingston, New Jersey, in 1998. In that role, he had primary responsibility for developing and overseeing the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Program for the largest health care system in New Jersey. In 2002, Dr. Perlman became Executive Director for the Institute for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (ICAM) at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ), where he is an Associate Professor of Medicine. In 2004, he was named the UMDNJ Hunterdon Endowed Professor in Complementary and Alternative Medicine; and in 2007, Dr. Perlman was appointed Chairperson for the Department of Primary Care within the School of Health-Related Professions. In that role, he oversees the Physician Assistant Program and Respiratory Care Program in addition to the Institute for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Victor S. Sierpina, M.D. (planning committee member) Dr. Sierpina is Professor of Family Medicine with tenure at the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) in Galveston, Texas. He is the first designated W.D. and Laura Nell Nicholson Family Professor of Integrative Medicine at UTMB. He graduated from the University of Illinois Abraham Lincoln School of Medicine as a James Scholar and completed family practice residency at MacNeal Memorial Hospital in suburban Chicago. Since medical school, he has integrated holistic medicine, alternative therapies, and wellness promotion in primary care. Dr. Sierpina is board certified by the American Board of Family Medicine and the American Board of Holistic Medicine. He was recently recognized as one of the Best Doctors in the USA in Family Medicine. He is recipient of two NIH grants supporting his educational and research efforts in integrative medicine.
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit Ralph Snyderman, M.D. (planning committee chair) Dr. Snyderman is Chancellor Emeritus, Duke University and James B. Duke Professor of Medicine in the Duke University School of Medicine. He served as Chancellor for Health Affairs and Dean of the School of Medicine from 1989 to July 2004. Dr. Snyderman oversaw the development of the Duke University Health System, one of the most successful integrated academic health systems in the country, and served as its first President and CEO. Dr. Snyderman has been widely recognized for his contributions to the development of more rational, effective, and compassionate models of health care. He was awarded the first Bravewell Leadership Award for outstanding achievements in the field of integrative medicine in 2003. Snyderman has played a prominent role in the leadership of such important national organizations as the Association of American Physicians, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Association of American Medical Colleges. He is a member of the IOM and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. Esther M. Sternberg, M.D. (planning committee member) Dr. Sternberg is internationally recognized for her discoveries in brain-immune interactions and the effects of the brain’s stress response on health: the science of the mind–body interaction. Dr. Sternberg received her M.D. degree and trained in rheumatology at McGill University and was on the faculty at Washington University before joining the National Institutes of Health in 1986, where she is currently based. Her numerous original scientific and review articles and textbook chapters are published in leading scientific journals including Science, Nature Reviews Immunology, Nature Medicine, the New England Journal of Medicine, Scientific American, and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. In addition, she is reviewer and editorial board member for many scientific journals, has edited several books, and authored the popular book The Balance Within: The Science Connecting Health and Emotions. Dr. Sternberg lectures nationally and internationally to both lay and scientific audiences and is frequently interviewed on radio, television, and film and in print media on subjects including the mind–body connection, stress and illness, and spirituality, love, and health. Her work galvanized establishment of the field of brain-immune interactions. In recognition of her accomplishments, Dr. Sternberg is one of 300 women physicians featured in the National Library of Medicine exhibition on women in medi-
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit cine: “Changing the Face of Medicine” (www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthe faceofmedicine/, click “Explore the Exhibition”). Ellen L. Stovall (planning committee member) Ms. Stovall is a 37-year survivor of three bouts with cancer. In 1992, she became President and CEO of the National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship (NCCS), a survivor-led organization that advocates for quality cancer care for all Americans and empowers people with cancer to advocate for themselves. Ms. Stovall is on the Board of the National Committee for Quality Assurance and has participated in working groups and committees advising the National Cancer Institute, American Association for Cancer Research, American Board of Internal Medicine, American Society of Clinical Oncology, and many other national organizations concerned with providing quality health care. She also served for six years as a presidential appointee to the National Cancer Advisory Board (NCAB). As a Vice Chair of the Institute of Medicine’s National Cancer Policy Forum survivorship committee, Ms. Stovall co-edited the November 2005 report, From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor: Lost in Transition, which recommends comprehensive, coordinated follow-up care for people surviving a cancer diagnosis. Kenneth E. Thorpe, Ph.D. Dr. Thorpe is the Robert W. Woodruff Professor and Chair of the Department of Health Policy & Management in the Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University. He also codirects the Emory Center on Health Outcomes and Quality. He was previously Professor of Health Policy and Administration at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, an Associate Professor and Director of the Program on Health Care Financing and Insurance at the Harvard University School of Public Health, and Assistant Professor of Public Policy and Public Health at Columbia University. Professor Thorpe was Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health Policy in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services from 1993 to 1995. In this capacity, he coordinated all financial estimates and program impacts of President Clinton’s health care reform proposals for the White House. He also directed the administration’s estimation efforts in dealing with Congressional health care reform proposals during the 103rd and 104th sessions of Congress.
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit Reed V. Tuckson, M.D., FACP (planning committee member) Dr. Tuckson is currently Executive Vice President and Chief of Medical Affairs at UnitedHealth Group. He is responsible for working with all of the company’s business units to improve the quality and efficiency of health services. Formerly, Dr. Tuckson served as Senior Vice President, Professional Standards, for the American Medical Association. He is former President of the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles; has served as Senior Vice President for Programs of the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation; and is a former Commissioner of Public Health for the District of Columbia. Dr. Tuckson was featured on the cover of the February 2009 issue of Black Enterprise magazine and named one of the 100 Most Powerful Executives in Corporate America. Last year, he was named one of Modern Healthcare’s Top 25 Minority Executives in Healthcare for 2008 and to Ebony magazine’s 2008 Power 150: The Most Influential Blacks in America list. Sean Tunis, M.D., M.Sc. (planning committee member) Dr. Tunis is the Founder and Director of the Center for Medical Technology Policy. Through September of 2005, Dr. Tunis was the Director of the Office of Clinical Standards and Quality and Chief Medical Officer at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). Dr. Tunis served as the Senior Advisor to the CMS Administrator on clinical and scientific policy, and he supervised the development of national coverage policies; quality standards for Medicare and Medicaid providers; quality measurement and public reporting initiatives; and the Quality Improvement Organization program. Before joining CMS, Dr. Tunis was a Senior Research Scientist with the Lewin Group, where his focus was on the design and implementation of prospective comparative effectiveness trials and clinical registries. Dr. Tunis also served as the Director of the Health Program at the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment and as a Health Policy Advisor to the U.S. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, where he participated in policy development regarding pharmaceutical and device regulation. Edward H. Wagner, M.D., M.P.H., FACP Dr. Wagner is a general internist/epidemiologist and Director of the MacColl Institute for Healthcare Innovation at Group Health Center for Health Studies. His research and quality improvement work focus on
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit improving the care of seniors and others with chronic illness. Since 1998, he has directed Improving Chronic Illness Care, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. He and his MacColl Institute colleagues developed the Chronic Care Model, which now serves as the foundation for improving ambulatory care for many organizations nationally and internationally. He also is Principal Investigator of the Cancer Research Network, a National Cancer Institute-funded cancer research consortium of 14 HMO-based research programs. He has written two books and more than 250 published articles. STAFF BIOGRAPHIES Katharine Bothner Ms. Bothner is a research associate in the Institute of Medicine’s Executive Office, where she has worked on a number of projects, including HHS in the 21st Century: Charting a New Course for a Healthier America, the Summit on Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing, at the IOM. She began working with the IOM in October 2006 as a senior program assistant with the Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine. She received a B.S. in chemistry with high distinction from the University of Virginia in 2004 and conducted her thesis research on a cytostatic cancer therapy involving calcium channels. After completing her undergraduate studies, Ms. Bothner taught high school science for 2 years in Baltimore, Maryland, with Teach for America. More than 70 percent of her 10th-grade biology students passed the Maryland High School Assessment test, a figure nearly twice the city average. Samantha M. Chao, M.P.H. Ms. Chao is a Program Officer at the Institute of Medicine. Her work focuses on improving health care quality with a focus on patient-centered care. She has directed the IOM’s Forum on the Science of Health Care Quality Improvement and Implementation and worked on the IOM’s Pathways to Quality Health Care project. The forum convened stakeholders from the government, academia, and industry to improve the quality and value of health care through the strengthening of quality improvement and implementation research. The Pathways series consisted of a review of performance measures to analyze health care delivery, an evaluation of Medicare’s Quality Improvement Organization Program,
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit and an assessment of pay-for-performance and its potential role in Medicare. Prior to joining the IOM, she completed a master’s degree in health policy with a concentration in management at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. As part of her studies, she interned with the American Heart Association, where she helped develop the association’s position on pay-for-performance. She also worked with the Michigan Department of Community Health to promote the study of chronic disease and disease prevention. J. Michael McGinnis, M.D., M.P.P. Dr. McGinnis is a physician and long-time contributor to national and international health policy leadership. Since 2005 he has been Senior Scholar at the Institute of Medicine (IOM), leading its initiative on evidence and value-based health care. He is also an elected member of the IOM. From 1999 to 2005, Dr. McGinnis was Senior Vice President and founding health group director at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Previously, and, unusual for political posts, he held continuous appointment through the Carter, Reagan, Bush, and Clinton administrations at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, with policy responsibilities for disease prevention and health promotion (1977–1995). His international work includes service in 1995–1996 as Chair of the World Bank/European Commission Health Reconstruction Task Force in Bosnia, and in 1974–1975 as epidemiologist and state director for World Health Organization’s smallpox eradication program in India. Judith A. Salerno, M.D., M.S. Dr. Salerno is executive officer of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Dr. Salerno served as deputy director of the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Health from 2001 to 2007, where she had oversight of more than $1 billion in aging research conducted and supported annually by the NIA, including research on Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases; frailty and function in late life; and the social, behavioral, and demographic aspects of aging. A geriatrician, Dr. Salerno is vitally interested in improving the health and well-being of older persons, and has designed public-private initiatives to address aging stereotypes, novel approaches to support training of new investigators in aging, and award-winning programs to communicate health and research advances to the public. Before joining the NIA in 2001, Dr. Salerno directed the continuum of geriatrics and extended care programs across the country for the U.S. Department of
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit Veterans Affairs (VA), Washington, D.C. While at the VA, she launched widely recognized national initiatives for pain management and improving end-of-life care and directed a national program of geriatric and long-term care services of more than $3 billion annually. Dr. Salerno earned her M.D. degree from Harvard Medical School in 1985 and a master of science degree in health policy from the Harvard School of Public Health in 1976. She also holds a certificate of added qualifications in geriatric medicine and was associate clinical professor of health care sciences and of medicine at the George Washington University until 2001. Andrea M. Schultz, M.P.H. Ms. Schultz is an associate program officer in the Executive Office of the Institute of Medicine. Ms. Schultz joined the Board on Health Sciences Policy in 2004 where she worked on a number of reports, including Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment: Moving Beyond the Nature/Nurture Debate; Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu; Organ Donation: Opportunities for Action; and Cord Blood: Establishing a National Hematopoietic Stem Cell Bank Program. In 2006 she moved to the IOM’s Executive Office and Office of Reports and Communications where she provided health policy research support on a variety of issues for the IOM president and executive officer, coordinated an effort to collect and catalog impact data on IOM reports, and helped lead the IOM’s Quality Improvement effort. Under the Executive Office, Ms. Schultz recently worked on HHS in the 21st Century: Charting a New Course for a Healthier America, and she is currently working on the Summit on Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing at the Institute of Medicine. She received her M.P.H. in health policy with honors in August 2007 from George Washington University. Her capstone project analyzed key state-level health care reform initiatives. Ms. Schultz received her B.S. in cellular molecular biology from the University of Michigan in 2004. Joi D. Washington Ms. Washington is a Senior Program Assistant for the Board on Health Care Services. Prior to joining the IOM in May 2008, Ms. Washington held the position of Registrar at the National Minority AIDS Council in which she oversaw the registration process for two large national conferences. Ms. Washington received her B.S. in Public and Community Health from the University of Maryland, College Park, in 2007
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Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit and is currently pursuing a dual master’s degree in Health Care Administration and Business Administration from the University of Maryland, University College. Catherine Zweig Ms. Zweig is a Senior Program Assistant for the Roundtable on Evidence Based Medicine. She received a B.A. in Government from Colby College (Magna Cum Laude) where she also had a concentration in Chemistry. Ms. Zweig focused on foreign development in college and wrote her honors thesis on public opinion polling as a tool for building peace in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. She also cochaired the Student Advisory Board at the Goldfarb Center for Public Affairs and Civic Engagement, Colby’s primary focus for outreach and leader involvement. Ms. Zweig joined the staff of the Institute of Medicine’s Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine in the summer of 2008.