He has also taught on the political science faculties of Rutgers University and the Catholic University of America. He is the author of 2 books and over 25 articles on legal topics. Among his professional awards are the O.J. Hawkins Award for Innovative Leadership and Outstanding Contributions to Criminal Justice Systems, Policy and Statistics in the United States, the U.S. Attorney General’s Award for Excellence in Management, and AO’s Meritorious Service Award. He has a Ph.D from the Claremont Graduate School.

Wesley G. Skogan has been a faculty member at Northwestern University since 1971 and holds joint appointments with the political science department and the University’s Institute for Policy Research. His research focuses on the interface between the public and the legal system, crime prevention, victim services, and community-oriented policing. He has written four books on policing; all are empirical studies of community policing initiatives in Chicago and elsewhere. His 1990 book Disorder and Decline examined public involvement in these programs, their efficacy, and the issues involved in police-citizen cooperation in order maintenance. Another line of his research concerns neighborhood and community responses to crime. He has edited a series of technical monographs on victimization research and authored a technical review of the National Crime Victimization Survey that was published in Public Opinion Quarterly. He served as a consultant to the United Kingdom Home Office, developing and analyzing the British Crime Survey. He has been a visiting scholar at the Max-Planck-Institut (Freiburg), the Dutch Ministry of Justice, the University of Alberta, and Johns Hopkins University. He spent 2 years as a visiting fellow at the National Institute of Justice. At the National Research Council, he has served on the Committee on Law and Justice and chaired the Committee on Research on Police Policies and Practices. He has a B.A. in government from Indiana University, an M.A. in political science from the University of Wisconsin, and a Ph.D. in political science from Northwestern University.

Bruce D. Spencer is professor of statistics and faculty fellow in the Institute for Policy Research at Northwestern University. His interests include the interactions between statistics and policy, demographic statistics, and sampling. He chaired the statistics department at Northwestern from 1988 to 1999 and 2000 to 2001. He directed the Methodology Research Center of the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago from 1985 to 1992. From 1992 to 1994 he was a senior research statistician at NORC. At the National Research Council he served as a member of the CNSTAT Panel on Formula Allocations, as well as the Mathematical Sciences Assessment Panel and the Panel on Statistical Issues in AIDS Research; as a staff member he served as study director for the Panel on Small Area Estimates of Population and Income. He has a Ph.D. from Yale University.

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