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APPENDIX I Committee Biographies JEREMIAH P. OSTRIKER, Ph.D. (NAS), Committee Chair, is a professor of astrophysical sciences at Princeton University and Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy, Emeritus, at the University of Cambridge. He received his B.A. in physics and chemistry from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in astrophysics from the University of Chicago. After a postdoctoral fellowship at Cambridge University, Dr. Ostriker served on the faculty at Princeton University as a professor (1966-present), as department chair Charles A. Young Professor of Astronomy and director of the Princeton University Observatory (1979-1995), and as university provost (1995-2001). During his tenure as provost, Princeton received a major grant from the Mellon Foundation to improve doctoral education in the humanities. He is a renowned astrophysicist and has received many awards and honors, including membership in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the 2001 recipient of the U.S. National Medal of Science. He has served on several National Research Council (NRC) and National Academies committees, including the NAS Council and the NRC Governing Board. Dr. Ostriker also served as the Chair of the Panel on Quantitative Measures. Currently, he is Treasurer of the National Academy of Sciences. VIRGINIA S. HINSHAW, Ph.D. (Committee Vice-Chair), is Chancellor of the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa and Professor of Virology in the John A. Burns School of Medicine at UH Mānoa. Dr. Hinshaw earned her B.S.in laboratory technology, M.S. and Ph.D. in microbiology from Auburn University. Her research for over 25 years focused on influenza viruses in humans, lower mammals and birds, investigating such aspects as: important hosts in nature; transmission among species; genetic changes related to disease severity; the molecular basis of cell killing; and new approaches to vaccines. She has conducted research at various hospitals and universities, including Medical College of Virginia, the University of California Berkeley, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and the University of Wisconsin—Madison. She has been recognized for her innovative and energetic teaching style and her continual advocacy for research and education. Prior to joining UH Mānoa, Hinshaw served as the provost and executive vice chancellor at the University of California, Davis, and as dean of the graduate school and vice chancellor for research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. ELTON D. ABERLE, Ph.D., is Dean Emeritus and Professor Emeritus of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He received his B.S. from Kansas State University in 1962, his M.S. from Michigan State University in 1965, and his Ph.D. from Michigan State University in food sciences in 1967. Previously, Dr. Aberle held administrative positions at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, and a faculty position at Purdue University. His research and teaching background is in muscle biology, and animal and food sciences. Dr. Aberle has received teaching and research awards from the American Society of Animal Sciences and the American Meat Science Association, and is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Society of Animal Science. He also served on the Panel of Taxonomy and Interdisciplinarity. 185 PREPUBLICATION COPY—UNEDITED PROOFS

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NORMAN M. BRADBURN, Ph.D., is Tiffany and Margaret Blake Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus at the University of Chicago and senior fellow at the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. He has served three terms as director of the center, from 1967 to 1992. From 2000-2004 he was the Assistant Director for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences at the National Science Foundation. He also served as provost of the University of Chicago from 1984 to 1989. He received his Ph.D. degree in social psychology from Harvard University. He has been a member of the research and advisory panel of the U.S. General Accounting Office; a member and former chair of the Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences; and a member of the Panel to Review the Statistical Procedures for the Decennial Census. He also is an elected member of the International Statistical Institute and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Statistical Association. His research has focused on psychological well-being and assessing the quality of life; non-sampling errors in sample surveys; and research on cognitive processes in responses to sample surveys. He is currently working on developing a humanities indicator system and a large scale study of the cultural infrastructure. His book, Thinking About Answers: The Application of Cognitive Process to Survey Methodology (co- authored with Seymour Sudman and Norbert Schwarz; Jossey-Bass, 1996), follows three other publications on the methodology of designing and constructing questionnaires: Polls and Surveys: Understanding What They Tell Us (with Seymour Sudman; Jossey-Bass, 1988); Asking Questions: A Practical Guide to Questionnaire Construction (with Seymour Sudman; Jossey- Bass, 1982; 2nd edition with Brian Wansink, 2004) and Improving Interviewing Method and Questionnaire Design (Jossey-Bass, 1979). JOHN BRAUMAN, Ph.D. (NAS), is J. G. Jackson - C. J. Wood Professor of Chemistry, Emeritus at Stanford University. John Brauman was born in Pittsburgh, PA in 1937. He attended M.I.T. (S.B., 1959) and the University of California at Berkeley (Ph.D., 1963). He was a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow at UCLA, then took the position at Stanford University. He was Department Chair, Associate Dean for Natural Sciences, and has been Associate Dean of Research since 2005-. He also currently serves as the Home Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences. Brauman has received a number of awards including the American Chemical Society Award in Pure Chemistry, Harrison Howe Award, Guggenheim Fellowship, R. C. Fuson Award, Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award, the James Flack Norris Award in Physical-Organic Chemistry, the National Academy of Sciences Award in Chemical Sciences, the Linus Pauling Medal, the Willard Gibbs Medal, and the National Medal of Science. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and an Honorary Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences. He received the Dean's Award for Distinguished Teaching from Stanford University in 1976. Brauman has served on many national committees and advisory boards. He was Deputy Editor for Physical Sciences for SCIENCE from 1985 to 2000 and is currently the Chair of the Senior Editorial Board. Brauman's research has centered on structure and reactivity. He has studied ionic reactions in the gas phase, including acid-base chemistry, the mechanisms of proton transfers, nucleophilic displacement, and addition-elimination reactions. His work includes inferences about the shape of the potential surfaces and the dynamics of reactions on these surfaces. He has made contributions to the field of electron photodetachment spectroscopy of negative ions, 186 PREPUBLICATION COPY—UNEDITED PROOFS

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measurements of electron affinities, the study of dipole-supported electronic states, and multiple photon infrared activation of ions. He has also studied mechanisms of solution and gas phase organic reactions as well as organometallic reactions and the behavior of biomimetic organometallic species. JONATHAN R. COLE, Ph.D. is at Columbia University. He is currently the John Mitchell Mason Professor of the University, and was Provost and Dean of Faculties at Columbia from 1989-2003. He received his B.A. from Columbia, 1964; and his Ph.D., Sociology, Columbia, 1969. He was the Adolphe Quetelet Professor of Social Science, 1989 to 2001; Professor of Sociology, Columbia University from 1976 to present; Adjunct Professor, Rockefeller University, 1983-1985; Vice President of Arts and Sciences, Columbia University, 1987-1989. Director, Center for the Social Sciences, 1979-1987; Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California, 1975-76; John Simon Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship, 1975-76; Elected Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1992; "National Associate" U.S. National Academies of Sciences, 2003. Elected Member, Council on Foreign Relations, 2003; Elected Member, American Philosophical Society, 2005; Cavaliere Ufficiale in the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy, 1996; Commendatore in the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy, 2003. Served on and continues to serve on multiple national committees of the NSF, NRC, and NAS. Some publications in the sociology of science, science policy, and higher education, include: Social Stratification in Science (with Stephen Cole) (1973); Peer Review in the National Science Foundation: Phase One (1978) and Phase Two (1981) of a Study (co- authored); Fair Science: Women in the Scientific Community (1979); The Wages of Writing: Per Word, Per Piece, or Perhaps (1986) (co-authored); The Outer Circle: Women in the Scientific Community (1991) (co-edited and author); The Research University in a Time of Discontent (co- edited and author)(1994); multiple journal publications on similar topics. His book, The Great American University: Its Rise to Preeminence, Its Threatened Future, will be published by Public Affairs in the fall of 2009. PAUL W. HOLLAND holds the Frederic M. Lord Chair in Measurement and Statistics (retired) in the Research & Development Division at the Educational Testing Service in Princeton, NJ. His educational background includes a M.A. and a Ph.D. in statistics from Stanford University, 1966, and a B.A. in mathematics from the University of Michigan, 1962. His association with ETS began in 1975. In 1979 he became the director of the Research Statistics Group. In 1986 Holland was appointed ETS's first distinguished research scientist. He left ETS in 1993 to join the faculty at University of California Berkeley as a professor in the Graduate School of Education and the Department of Statistics, but returned in 2000 to his current position at ETS. He has made significant contributions to the following applications of statistics to social science research: categorical data analysis, social networks, test equating, differential item functioning, test security issues, causal inference in nonexperimental research, and the foundations of item response theory. His current research interests include kernel equating methods, population invariance of test linking, software for item response theory, and causal inference in program evaluation and policy research. ERIC W. KALER, Ph.D., became the Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs at Stony Brook University in 2007. Prior to that, he was the Elizabeth Inez Kelley Professor in 187 PREPUBLICATION COPY—UNEDITED PROOFS

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the department of chemical engineering and the Dean of the college of engineering at the University of Delaware. He holds a B.S. from the California Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota, both in chemical engineering. He is known for his distinguished study and applications of complex fluids, including advances in the understanding of surfactant mixtures and for the use of complex fluids to synthesize new materials. Dr. Kaler has served on several NRC panels, including the subpanel for the NIST center for neutron research, which he chaired, and the panel for materials science and engineering. He was named fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2001. He was one of the first to receive a Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation in 1984. He also received the Curtis W. McGraw Research Award from the American Society of Engineering Education in 1995 and the 1998 American Chemical Society Award in Colloid or Surface Chemistry. He is Co-editor-in-chief of Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science. EARL LEWIS, Ph.D. is Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs and the Asa Griggs Candler Professor of History and African American Studies. Before joining the Emory faculty in July 2004, Lewis served as dean of the Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies and vice provost for academic affairs/graduate studies at the University of Michigan. He was the Elsa Barkley Brown and Robin D.G. Kelley Collegiate Professor of History and African American and African Studies and formerly director of the Center for Afro-American and African Studies. From 1984 to 1989 he was on the faculty in the department of African American Studies at the University of California, Berkeley. Lewis, who holds degrees in history and psychology, is author and co-editor of seven books, among them In Their Own Interests: Race, Class and Power in 20th Century Norfolk (University of California Press, 1993) and the award-winning To Make Our World Anew: A History of African Americans (Oxford University Press, 2000). Between 1997 and 2000 he co-edited the eleven-volume The Young Oxford History of African Americans. Lewis co-authored the widely acclaimed Love on Trial: An American Scandal in Black and White, published in 2001 by WW Norton. His most recent books are The African American Urban Experience: Perspectives from the Colonial Period to the Present, co- edited and published with Palgrave (2004), and the co-written Defending Diversity: Affirmative Action at the University of Michigan, published by the University of Michigan Press (2004). He is a current or past member of a number of editorial boards and boards of directors. And he is co-editor of the award-winning book series American Crossroads (University of California Press). He received the 2001 University of Minnesota's Outstanding Achievement Award given to a distinguished graduate. And Concordia College, whose board of regents he joined in 2008, honored him with an honorary degree in 2002. He was named a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2008. JOAN F. LORDEN, Ph.D., is Provost and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. She received a B.A. from the City College of New York and a Ph.D. from Yale University. Dr. Lorden served for over eight years as Dean of the Graduate School and Associate Provost for Research at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). During 2002-03, she was the Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) Dean-in- Residence at the Division of Graduate Education at the National Science Foundation and chaired the CGS Board of Directors. She chaired the Board of Directors of Oak Ridge Associated Universities and was President of the Conference of Southern Graduate Schools. Dr. Lorden has 188 PREPUBLICATION COPY—UNEDITED PROOFS

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been a member of the Executive Committee of the Council on Academic Affairs and chaired the Executive Committee of the Council on Research Policy and Graduate Education of the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges. Dr. Lorden’s research focuses on brain-behavior relationships. She was awarded the Ireland Prize for Scholarly Distinction by UAB. She has served on review panels and study sections at NSF, NIH, DoD, and private agencies. At UAB she organized the doctoral program in behavioral neuroscience and was a founding member and director of the university-wide interdisciplinary Graduate Training Program in Neuroscience. As Graduate Dean, Dr. Lorden fostered programs that increased opportunities for breadth of training among graduate students, served as the program director for an interdisciplinary biological sciences training grant, and established one of the first offices for postdoctoral support. She is actively involved in programs designed to improve the success of women and minorities in graduate education and faculty careers in science and engineering, and has received several grants to advance these goals. She currently serves as the Principal Investigator for an NSF ADVANCE Institutional Transformation grant. CAROL B. LYNCH, Ph.D., Carol B. Lynch is a Senior Scholar at the Council of Graduate Schools, where she directs the professional master’s initiatives. She is Dean Emerita at the University of Colorado at Boulder where she was Professor of Ecological and Evolutionary Biology, and Fellow of the Institute for Behavioral Genetics, having served as Dean of the Graduate School and Vice Chancellor for Research from 1992-2004. She received her B.A. from Mount Holyoke College, her M.A. from the University of Michigan, and her Ph.D. from the University of Iowa. She held a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship in the Institute for Behavioral Genetics at the University of Colorado. Much of her professional career was spent at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut as a Professor of Biology and Dean of the Sciences. She has received a Research Career Development Award from NIH, is a Fellow of the AAAS and was President of the Behavior Genetics Association. Prior to coming to the University of Colorado, Dr. Lynch was the Program Director in Population Biology and Physiological Ecology at the National Science Foundation. Dr. Lynch was President of the Western Association of Graduate Schools and has served on the Board of Directors of the Council of Graduate Schools and on the Executive Committee of the Council on Research Policy and Graduate Education at the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges. She is currently a member of the Graduate Record Examination Board and the TOEFL Board (ETS), as well as the ETS Board of Trustees. In 2001-2002, she served as the inaugural CGS/NSF Dean in Residence. Dr. Lynch has held research grants from NIH, NSF, NATO, and the BNSF, has authored numerous publications in evolutionary and behavioral genetics, and was Co-PI on an NSF AGEP award and an NSF ADVANCE award. ROBERT NEREM, Ph.D., joined Georgia Tech in 1987 as the Parker H. Petit Distinguished Chair for Engineering in Medicine. He currently serves as the Director of the Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience, and he also is the Director of the Georgia Tech/Emory Center (GTEC) for the Engineering of Living Tissues, an NSF-funded Engineering Research Center. He received his Ph.D. in 1964 from Ohio State University and was promoted to Professor in 1972, serving from 1975-1979 as Associate Dean for Research in the Graduate School. From 1979 to 1986 he was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Houston. Professor Nerem is the author of more than 200 189 PREPUBLICATION COPY—UNEDITED PROOFS

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publications. He is a Fellow and was the founding President of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering (1992-1994), and he is past President of the Tissue Engineering Society International. In addition, he was the part-time Senior Advisor for Bioengineering in the new National Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering at the National Institutes of Health (2003-2006). In 1988 Professor Nerem was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), and he served on the NAE Council (1998-2004). In 1992 he was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and in 1998 a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In March 1990 Professor Nerem was presented with an honorary doctorate from the University of Paris, and in 1994 he was elected a Foreign Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences. In 1998 he was made an Honorary Fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in the United Kingdom, in 2004 he was elected an honorary foreign member of the Japan Society for Medical and Biological Engineering, and in 2006 a Foreign Member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences. In 2008 Professor Nerem was selected by NAE for the Founders Award. Research interests include biomechanics, cardiovascular devices, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and stem cell technology. SUZANNE ORTEGA, Ph.D. assumed the position of Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs at the University of New Mexico on August 1, 2008. She previously served as Dean and Vice Provost of the Graduate School at the University of Washington from 2005-2008 and as Vice Provost for Advanced Studies and Dean of the Graduate School at the University of Missouri – Columbia (MU) from 2000 to 2005. She received a bachelor's degree in sociology from Austin Peay State University in Clarksville, Tenn., in 1974, and a master's and doctorate in sociology in 1976 and 1979, respectively, from Vanderbilt University. Dr. Ortega was at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln from 1980 to 2000, serving as assistant professor (1980-1986), associate professor (1986-1995), special assistant to the dean of graduate studies (1994-1995), assistant dean of graduate studies (1995) special assistant to the senior vice chancellor for academic affairs (1997-1998) and associate dean of graduate studies and professor (1995-2000). She is the author of numerous articles and an Introductory Sociology textbook, now in its seventh edition. Her most important administrative accomplishments include securing funding for the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Degree, Preparing Future Faculty, Diversity Enhancement, and Ph.D. Completion programs. Dr. Ortega has served as Chair of the Board of Directors of the Council of Graduate Schools, Chair of the Graduate Record Examination Board, Chair of the Midwestern Association of Graduate Schools and on the executive committee of the Council on Research Policy and Graduate Education of the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges. She has also served on the American Sociological Association (ASA) Advisory Board for Preparing Future Faculty, ASA Executive Office and Budget committee, and the National Science Foundation Human Resources Expert Panel. CATHARINE R. STIMPSON, Ph.D., is Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Science, and University Professor at New York University. She earned an A.B. in English, magna cum laude, from Bryn Mawr College in 1958; a B.A. with honors in 1960 and an M.A. in 1966 from Newnham College, Cambridge University; and a Ph.D. with distinction from Columbia University in 1967. Formerly, Dr. Stimpson was a member of the English Department of Barnard College (1963-80), where she was the first director of the Women's Center and the 190 PREPUBLICATION COPY—UNEDITED PROOFS

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founding editor of Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (1974-80) for the University of Chicago Press. In 1981, she became Professor of English at Rutgers University, then Dean of the Graduate School, Vice Provost for Graduate Education, and University Professor; she was also the first director of the Institute for Research on Women. While at Rutgers, Dr. Stimpson continued to teach, while she served as Director of the MacArthur Foundation Fellows Program (1994-97). She is a former chair of the New York State Humanities Council and the National Council for Research on Women as well as past president of the Modern Language Association. Dr. Stimpson also served as president of the Association of Graduate Schools in 2000-01. She holds honorary degrees from several universities and colleges, including Upsala, Bates, Hamilton, and the University of Arizona. Dr. Stimpson's publications include a book, Where the Meanings Are: Feminism and Cultural Spaces, and a novel, Class Notes. She has edited seven books, has served as co-editor of the Library of America's Gertrude Stein: Writings 1903-1932 and Gertrude Stein: Writings 1932-1946, and has published over 150 monographs, essays, stories, and reviews. RICHARD WHEELER, Ph.D., is Vice Provost at the University of Illinois. He received his Ph.D. in English from the State University of Buffalo in 1970. He joined the Department of English at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1969 and has been on the Illinois faculty ever since. From 1987 to 1997 he was Head of the Department of English, and in 1999- 2000 he was Acting Head of the Department of Anthropology. He was Dean of the Graduate College from 2000 to 2009. He has chaired the Executive Committee of the Midwest Association of Graduate Schools, the Graduate Deans group of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, and the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors of the Council of Graduate Schools. His scholarly publications include Shakespeare’s Development and the Problem Comedies: Turn and Counter-Turn (U of California P, 1981), The Whole Journey: Shakespeare’s Power of Development (co-authored, U of California P, 1986), Creating Elizabethan Tragedy (ed., U of Chicago P, 1988), Critical Essays on Shakespeare’s Measure for Measure (ed., G.K. Hall, 1999), and articles on Shakespeare, renaissance drama, and modern British literature. His scholarship has been centrally concerned with identifying key psychological patterns that shape the development of Shakespeare’s work and, more recently, plausible links between the plays and the life of their author. 191 PREPUBLICATION COPY—UNEDITED PROOFS