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Fostering Visions for the Future: A Review of the NASA Institute of Advanced Concepts B Committee Member Biographies ROBERT D. BRAUN is the David and Andrew Lewis Associate Professor of Space Technology in the Daniel Guggenheim School of Aerospace Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is also director of Georgia Tech’s Space Systems Design Laboratory, where he leads a research program focused on the design of advanced flight systems and technologies for planetary exploration. He is responsible for undergraduate- and graduate-level instruction in the areas of space systems design, astrodynamics, and planetary entry. Prior to Georgia Tech, he served on the technical staff of the NASA Langley Research Center for 16 years where he contributed to the design, development, test, and operation of several robotic spaceflight systems. He has worked extensively in the areas of entry system design, planetary atmospheric flight, and mission architecture development. Dr. Braun is a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and is the principal author or co-author of more than 150 technical publications in the fields of planetary exploration, atmospheric entry, multidisciplinary design optimization, and systems engineering. He has a B.S. in aerospace engineering from Pennsylvania State University, an M.S. in astronautics from George Washington University, and a Ph.D. in aeronautics and astronautics from Stanford University. He previously served as a member of the National Research Council (NRC) New Opportunities in Solar System Exploration Committee. DIANNE S. WILEY is a technical fellow at Boeing Phantom Works. In addition to managing proposal strategy and execution for the enterprise, she also serves as the enterprise liaison to the Boeing Technical Fellowship Program to facilitate technology maturation and technology transition to the space exploration systems business area. Previously, Dr. Wiley was assigned to the Missile Defense National Team, responsible for international missile defense activities. In her prior assignment with Boeing Phantom Works, she was the program manager for airframe technology on the NASA Space Launch Initiative Program. Previously, she was with Northrop Grumman for 20 years where she was manager of Airframe Technology. Dr. Wiley was responsible for developing and implementing innovative structural solutions to ensure the structural integrity of the B-2 aircraft. Dr. Wiley’s 25 years of technical experience have involved durability and damage tolerance, advanced composites (organic and ceramic), high-temperature structures, smart structures, low-observable structures, concurrent engineering, and rapid prototyping. Dr. Wiley has taught senior and graduate mechanical engineering at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Dr. Wiley holds a Ph.D. in applied mechanics from the UCLA School of Engineering and Applied Science. She has attended Defense Systems Management College (1996) and she is a graduate of the Center for Creative Leadership (1995), Leadership California Class of 1998, and the Boeing Leadership Center (2002). HENRY W. BRANDHORST, JR., is the director of the Space Research Institute at Auburn University. His interests include technology development and transfer to commercial use of power technologies for space and terrestrial applications. His areas of research include photovoltaics, lightweight space solar arrays, electrochemical energy storage, dynamic power systems, power management and distribution, free piston Stirling power systems, environmental durability, hypervelocity impact studies, high-power spacecraft concepts, and management of technology development programs. Within the government, he has had responsibility for various technology development projects. He demonstrated the first integrated
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Fostering Visions for the Future: A Review of the NASA Institute of Advanced Concepts solar dynamic power system (2 kW) for space use and tested it in a vacuum environment. He initiated and led the Auburn student-faculty team that designed and built a solar-powered house, winning third place in the first Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored Solar Decathlon. Dr. Brandhorst helped to develop the ENTECH concentrator solar array used in the 1992 Deep Space 1 mission to a comet. He has served as the chief of the Power Technology Division at the NASA Lewis Research Center. He has received the NASA Exceptional Engineering Achievement Medal (photovoltaics; 1984), the IEEE William R. Cherry Award (photovoltaics; 1984), and the NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal (space power; 1996). Dr. Brandhorst received a Ph.D. in nuclear chemistry from Purdue University. DAVID C. BYERS is a consultant in the areas of spacecraft propulsion and power systems. He was manager of the spacecraft propulsion line of business for the TRW Space and Electronics Group from 1995 to 1998. Previously, Mr. Byers was chief of the On-Board Propulsion Branch at NASA’s Lewis (now Glenn) Research Center, agent for electric propulsion for the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO), manager of research and technology for NASA’s Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology, and section head and engineer in electric propulsion at NASA’s Lewis Research Center. Mr. Byers’ extensive expertise includes micropropulsion, electric propulsion (resistojets, arcjets, ion and Hall accelerators, and advanced concepts), and chemical propulsion (bi-propellants, advanced mono-propellants, and H/O RCS). He received the AIAA Wyld Propulsion Award in 1989 and the NASA Outstanding Leadership Award in 1990 and was named an AIAA fellow in 1998. DAVID L. CHENETTE is the director of the space sciences and instrumentation section of the Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, with responsibility for the Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory and the Space Physics Laboratory. Following a postdoctoral appointment in the Space Radiation Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology, Dr. Chenette joined the Space Sciences Laboratory of the Aerospace Corporation, where he continued research on the magnetospheres of the outer planets as well as the energetic particle environments near Earth and its magnetosphere. He contributed to both theoretical and laboratory work on cosmic ray effects on microelectronics, including solar energetic particle effects. Dr. Chenette joined the Space Physics Department of the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory in 1987 and led the development of the department’s energetic particle and auroral x-ray spectrometers, which were launched in 1991 aboard the NASA Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. He was named space physics department manager in 1998 and manager of the Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory in 2000. In 1999 he led the development of the Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera that Lockheed Martin, which was developed for the Triana mission. In 2004 he was promoted to his current position. Dr. Chenette earned all three of his degrees in physics at the University of Chicago. INDERJIT CHOPRA is the Alfred Gessow Professor of Aerospace Engineering and director of the Alfred Gessow Rotorcraft Center at the University of Maryland. His studies include work on various fundamental problems related to aeromechanics of helicopters, including aeromechanical stability, active vibration control, modeling of composite blades, rotor head health monitoring, aeroelastic optimization, smart structures, micro air vehicles, and comprehensive aeromechanics analyses of bearingless, tilt-rotor, servo-flap, compound, teetering, and circulation control rotors. Prior to teaching, Dr. Chopra spent more than 4 years at NASA Ames Research Center/Stanford University Joint Institute of Aeronautics and Acoustics working on the development of aeroelastic analyses and testing of advanced helicopter rotor systems. Dr. Chopra served on the NRC Panel C: Structures and Materials of the Committee on Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics, and he is a member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. FRANK D. DRAKE is the director of the SETI Institute’s Carl Sagan Center for the Study of Life in the Universe. He started his professional career as an electronics officer in the U.S. Navy. He was then associated with the Agassiz Station Radio Astronomy project at Harvard University, where he received the Ph.D. degree in astronomy. He then conducted planetary research and cosmic radio source studies at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory at Green Bank, West Virginia, where he shared in the
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Fostering Visions for the Future: A Review of the NASA Institute of Advanced Concepts discovery of the radiation belts of Jupiter and conducted Project OZMA—the first organized search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Following an appointment as chief of lunar and planetary sciences at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, he joined Cornell University in 1964 where he became chair of the Astronomy Department, director of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, and the Goldwin Smith Professor of Astronomy. Dr. Drake moved to the University of California, Santa Cruz, in 1984 as professor of astronomy and astrophysics; he served as dean of the Natural Sciences Division from 1984 to 1988. He founded and presided over the SETI Institute in 1984 where he is presently chairman emeritus of the board of trustees and director of the Carl Sagan Center for the Study of Life in the Universe. Dr. Drake was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1972 and is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the British Interplanetary Society. He was awarded the 2001 Education Prize by the American Astronomical Society. Dr. Drake has been a member of three NRC astronomy survey committees and chaired both the U.S. National Committee for the International Astronomical Union and the NRC Board on Physics and Astronomy. OLIVIA A. GRAEVE is an associate professor of materials science and engineering at Alfred University and is head of the Nanomaterials Processing Laboratory. Previously she was an assistant professor at the University of Nevada, Reno. Her area of research is broadly described as the synthesis and processing of nanostructured materials, including ceramic and metallic nanomaterials, and amorphous/nanocrystalline composites. She has received research grants and/or contracts from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Defense, NASA, and the DOE, as well as from industrial partners and has published more than 30 refereed journal articles. Dr. Graeve has contributed to the development of human resources as a research advisor and as an instructor, including the development of three new courses for the materials science and engineering program at the University of Nevada, Reno. She has served on numerous committees and in many different capacities for her primary societies (the American Ceramic Society, the Materials Research Society, the Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers, and Sociedad Mexicana de Materials, A.C.). Dr. Graeve has been involved in the recruitment and retention of women and Hispanic students in science and engineering and has received several prestigious awards, including the NSF CAREER award and the 2006 Hispanic Educator of the Year award by the Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers. MARSHALL G. JONES is a Coolidge Fellow at GE Corporate Research and Development. He joined GE Global Research in 1974 as a mechanical engineer after receiving his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Massachusetts. He received his B.S. from the University of Michigan. He worked for 4 years at Brookhaven National Laboratory after his undergraduate studies. Dr. Jones has performed research and development work for all the industrial business segments of GE. He has spent most of his GE career addressing laser material processing, laser device development, and fiber optics, which has afforded him 49 U.S. patents and over 45 publications. Dr. Jones is a GE-Global Research Coolidge fellow and is member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and a fellow of the Laser Institute of America (LIA). He serves or has served on both local and national boards, including the Engineering Directorate for NSF and the LIA. ROBERT A. MOORE is a consultant at DST, Inc. His early career was in the aerodynamic design and development of tactical aircraft and high-speed cruise missiles at McDonnell Aircraft. With the beginning of the human spaceflight program, he worked on the reentry thermal protection problem for Mercury and then electric propulsion for space travel. He then moved to the inter-continental ballistic missile program where he assisted the Air Force and the Navy in the management of reentry physics, penetration aids, and reentry vehicle technology programs. He then joined the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and managed advanced technology programs for future strategic offensive and defensive systems. He became director of the Tactical Technology Office at DARPA and directed programs in air vehicle technology and observables, stealth aircraft, armored vehicle and anti-armor technology, undersea warfare technology, and sensor systems. Later he was deputy director of
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Fostering Visions for the Future: A Review of the NASA Institute of Advanced Concepts DARPA. During the Carter administration he was appointed to the executive position of deputy undersecretary of defense for tactical warfare programs, and was responsible for planning and oversight of acquisition of all defense systems for land, sea, and air warfare. He returned to industry and became director of Black Programs at the Lockheed Corporation “Skunk Works.” Next, he established a consulting company, DST, Inc., in which he continues to be active, providing advice to major aerospace and defense companies in the areas of systems analysis and engineering, systems management, research and technology, program development, and proposal preparation. He serves on government and military advisory panels and is a member of the Army Science Board. He was a charter member of the Senior Executive Service (SES), and he received the SES Presidential Rank Award and the Secretary of Defense Meritorious Civilian Service Medal. Mr. Moore received B.S. and M.S. degrees in mechanical engineering. E. PHILLIP MUNTZ is the A.B. Freeman Professor of Engineering in the Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Southern California, where he has served as co-chair and chair of the department. Dr. Muntz received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in aeronautical engineering and aerophysics from the University of Toronto, Canada. He then took a position with the General Electric Missile and Space Division, Space Sciences Laboratory in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. In 1969, he joined the University of Southern California. His research interests have included rarefied gas dynamics, medical imaging, isotope separation, nondestructive testing, and transient energy release micromachining; he holds patents in many of these areas. His industrial experience, in addition to his early career at General Electric, has been as director of the Division of Medical Sciences at Xonics, Inc., and as vice president and senior scientist at Rapid Analysis and Development Corp., both in southern California. Dr. Muntz has been recognized for his scientific achievements by election as a member of the National Academy of Engineering and as a fellow of the AIAA and the American Physical Society. He received the Aerospace Contribution to Society Award from the AIAA in 1987. Dr. Muntz was a pilot with the Royal Canadian Air Force from 1955 to 1960. LAURENCE R. YOUNG is the Apollo Program Professor of Astronautics and professor of health sciences and technology (HST) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He was the founding director (1997-2001) of the National Space Biomedical Research Institute. He directs the HST Ph.D. program in bioastronautics. Dr. Young was elected to the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine and is a full member of the International Academy of Astronautics. He received an A.B. from Amherst College; a Certificate in Applied Mathematics from the Sorbonne, Paris; and S.B. and S.M. degrees in electrical engineering and a Sc.D. degree in instrumentation from MIT. He joined the MIT faculty in 1962. He co-founded MIT’s Man-Vehicle Laboratory, which does research on the visual and vestibular systems, visual-vestibular interaction, flight simulation, space motion sickness, and manual control and displays. In 1991 Dr. Young was selected as a payload specialist for Spacelab Life Sciences 2. He has been active on many professional and government committees, including the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, the NRC Committee on Space Biology and Medicine, NASA’s Life Science Advisory Committee, and the National Institutes of Health Training Committee on Biomedical Engineering. He has served on several NASA advisory panels relating to life sciences and the space station. He is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the Biomedical Engineering Society, the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, and the Explorers Club. In 1998, for his contributions to neuroscience he received the prestigious Koetser Foundation Prize in Zurich.