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OCR for page 167
America’s Energy Future: Technology and Transformation - Summary Edition E Select Acronyms and Abbreviations 3D three-dimensional AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science AC alternating current AEF America’s Energy Future AEO Annual Energy Outlook AEP American Electric Power Corporation ASES American Solar Energy Society bbl barrel bbl/d barrel(s) per day BEV battery-electric vehicle BTL biomass-to-liquid Btu British thermal unit C Celsius CAFE corporate average fuel economy CBTL coal-and-biomass-to-liquid CBFT coal-and-biomass-to-liquid fuel, Fischer-Tropsch CBMTG coal-and-biomass-to-liquid fuel, methanol-to-gasoline CCE cost of conserved energy CCS carbon capture and storage Cf californium CFC chlorofluorocarbons CFR Code of Federal Regulations
OCR for page 168
America’s Energy Future: Technology and Transformation - Summary Edition CFT coal-to-liquid fuel, Fischer-Tropsch CH4 methane CMTG coal-to-liquid fuel, methanol-to-gasoline CO2 carbon dioxide CO2 eq carbon dioxide equivalent COL construction and operating license CSP concentrating solar power CTL coal-to-liquid fuel DC direct current DI&C digital instrumentation and control DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DOE U.S. Department of Energy DSM demand-side management EAF electric-arc furnace EEB Energy Engineering Board EGR enhanced gas recovery EIA Energy Information Administration EISA Energy Independence and Security Act EOR enhanced oil recovery EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPRI Electric Power Research Institute EU European Union F Fahrenheit FACTS Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System FFB Federal Financing Bank GDP gross domestic product GE General Electric GHG greenhouse gas GJ gigajoule Gt gigatonne GW gigawatt GWh gigawatt-hour H2 hydrogen
OCR for page 169
America’s Energy Future: Technology and Transformation - Summary Edition H2O water H2S hydrogen sulfide HEV hybrid-electric vehicle HFCV hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle IDST improved decision-support technology IGCC integrated gasification combined cycle INL Idaho National Laboratory IOU investor-owned utility IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPP independent power producer ISL in situ leach ITS Intelligent Transportation Society IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemists J joule JCSP Joint Coordinated System Plan km kilometer kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LCOE levelized cost of electricity LDV light-duty vehicle LLC limited liability corporation LNG liquefied natural gas MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MW megawatt MWh megawatt-hour NAS National Academy of Sciences NaS sodium-sulfur NAE National Academy of Engineering NEMS National Energy Modeling System NERC North American Electric Reliability Corporation NETL National Energy Technology Laboratory
OCR for page 170
America’s Energy Future: Technology and Transformation - Summary Edition NGCC natural gas combined cycle NRC National Research Council NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory NSB National Science Board PC pulverized coal PHEV plug-in hybrid vehicle PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PUC public utility commission PUREX plutonium and uranium extraction PV photovoltaic quads quadrillion Btu R&D research and development RFF Resources for the Future SGI Synthetic Genomics, Inc. Shell Shell Frontier Oil and Gas, Inc. SI spark-ignition SPE Society of Petroleum Engineers SPP Southwest Power Pool t tonne Tcf trillion cubic feet T&D transmission and distribution TRB Transportation Research Board TWh terawatt-hour USNRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission USPC ultrasupercritical pulverized coal U-value heat-transfer coefficient V carbon dioxide vented W watt Wh watt-hour