A
References

AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality). 2004. Rocky Mountain regional care model for bioterrorist events: Locate alternate care sites during an emergency. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/altsites.htm (accessed September 8, 2009).

AHRQ. 2005a. National hospital available beds for emergencies and disasters (HAvBED) system. Final report and appendixes. AHRQ Publication No. 05-0103. Rockville: AHRQ.

AHRQ. 2005b. Altered standards of care in mass casualty events. AHRQ Publication No. 05-0043. Rockville: AHRQ.

AMA (American Medical Association) Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. 1995. Ethical considerations in the allocation of organs and other scarce medical resources among patients. Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, American Medical Association. Arch Intern Med 155(1):29–40.

AMA. June 2004. Council on ethical and judicial affairs: Opinion 9.067 - physician obligation in disaster preparedness and response. http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/physician-resources/medical-ethics/code-medical-ethics/opinion9067.shtml (accessed September 8, 2009).

AMA. 2007. Basic disaster life support manual, version 2.6. Chicago: American Medical Association Press.

ANA (American Nurses Association). 2008. Adapting standards of care under extreme conditions: Guidance for professionals during disasters, pandemics, and other extreme emergencies. http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/HealthcareandPolicyIssues/DPR/TheLawEthicsofDisasterResponse/AdaptingStandardsofCare.aspx (accessed September 8, 2009).



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 93
A References AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality). 2004. Rocky Mountain regional care model for bioterrorist events: Locate alter- nate care sites during an emergency. http://www.ahrq.gov/ research/altsites.htm (accessed September 8, 2009). AHRQ. 2005a. National hospital available beds for emergencies and disasters (HAvBED) system. Final report and appendixes. AHRQ Publication No. 05-0103. Rockville: AHRQ. AHRQ. 2005b. Altered standards of care in mass casualty events. AHRQ Publication No. 05-0043. Rockville: AHRQ. AMA (American Medical Association). 1995. Ethical considerations in the allocation of organs and other scarce medical resources among patients. Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, American Medical Association. Arch Intern Med 155(1):29–40. AMA. June 2004. Council on ethical and judicial affairs: Opinion 9.067 - physician obligation in disaster preparedness and response. http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/physician-resources/medical- ethics/code-medical-ethics/opinion9067.shtml (accessed September 8, 2009). AMA. 2007. Basic disaster life support manual, version 2.6. Chicago: American Medical Association Press. ANA (American Nurses Association). 2008. Adapting standards of care under extreme conditions: Guidance for professionals during disas- ters, pandemics, and other extreme emergencies. http://www.nursing world.org/MainMenuCategories/HealthcareandPolicyIssues/DPR/Th eLawEthicsofDisasterResponse/AdaptingStandardsofCare.aspx (ac- cessed September 8, 2009). 93

OCR for page 93
94 CRISIS STANDARDS OF CARE GUIDANCE Andrulis, D. P., N. J. Siddiqui, and J. L. Gantner. 2007. Preparing ra- cially and ethnically diverse communities for public health emergen- cies. Health Aff (Millwood) 26(5):1269–1279. ASTHO (The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials). 2009. At-risk populations guidance document. http://www.asth.org/ Programs/Infectious-Disease/At-Risk-Populations/ (accessed Sep- tember 8, 2009). Barbera, J. A., and A. G. MacIntyre. 2004. Medical surge capacity and capability: A management system for integrating medical and health resources during large-scale emergencies.2nd edition. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Barbisch, D. F., and K. L. Koenig. 2006. Understanding surge capacity: Essential elements. Acad Emerg Med 13(11):1098–1102. Beekley, A. C., B. W. Starnes, and J. A. Sebesta. 2007. Lessons learned from modern military surgery. Surg Clin North Am 87(1):157–184, vii. Bernier, R. 2009. IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Stan- dards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations. Paper presented at IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations, September 2, Washington, DC. Bernier, R., and E. Marcuse. 2005. Citizen voices on pandemic flu choices— public engagement pilot project on pandemic influenza. http://www.hhs.gov/nvpo/PEPPPI/PEPPPICompleteFinalReport.pdf (accessed September 8, 2009). Berry, P., and M. Matzo. 2004. Death and an aging society. In Gerontologic palliative care nursing, edited by M. Matzo and D.W. Sherman. St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Bierenbaum, A. B., B. Neiley, and C. R. Savageau. 2009. Importance of business continuity in health care. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 3(2 Suppl):S7-9. Binzer, P. 2008. The PREP Act: Liability protection for medical coun- termeasure development, distribution, and administration. Biosecur Bioterror 6(4):293–298. Burkle, F. M., Jr., E. B. Hsu, M. Loehr, M. D. Christian, D. Markenson, L. Rubinson, and F. L. Archer. 2007. Definition and functions of health unified command and emergency operations centers for large- scale bioevent disasters within the existing ICS. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 1(2):135–141.

OCR for page 93
95 APPENDIX A California Department of Public Health. 2008. Standards and guidelines for healthcare surge during emergencies. http://bepreparedcalifornia. ca.gov/EPO/CDPHPrograms/PublicHealthPrograms/EmergencyPrep arednessOffice/EPOProgramsServices/Surge/StandGuide/SSG1.htm (accessed September 8, 2009). California Emergency Medical Services Authority. 2009. Disaster Medi- cal Services Division—Hospital Incident Command System (HICS). http://www.emsa.ca.gov/hics/ (accessed September 4, 2009). CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2006. Flusurge 2.0. http://www.cdc.gov/flu/tools/flusurge/ (accessed September 9, 2009). CDC. 2009a. 2008–2009 influenza season week 34 ending August 29, 2009. http://cdc.gov/flu/weekly/index.htm (accessed September 8, 2009). CDC. 2009b. Federal public health emergency law: Implications for state and local preparedness and response: Teleconference. http://www2a.cdc.gov/phlp/webinar_04_29_2009.asp (accessed Sep- tember 8, 2009). CDC. 2009c. Novel H1N1 vaccination recommendations. http://www. cdc.gov/h1n1flu/vaccination/acip.htm (accessed September 8, 2009). CDC. 2009d. Updated interim recommendations for the use of antiviral medications in the treatment and prevention of influenza for the 2009–2010 season. http://cdc.gov/h1n1flu/recommendations.htm (accessed September 9, 2009). CDC. 2009e. Crisis & Emergency Risk Communication (CERC). http://emergency.cdc.gov/cerc/ (accessed September 8, 2009). Centers for Law and the Public's Health. 2001. The model state emer- gency health powers act (MSEHPA). http://www.publichealthlaw. net/ModelLaws/MSEHPA.php (accessed September 8, 2009). Centers for Law and the Public’s Health. 2004. Public health emergency legal preparedness checklist. Civil legal liability and public health emergencies. Baltimore: Centers for Law and the Public’s Health. Challen, K., J. Bright, A. Bentley, and D. Walter. 2007. Physiological- social score (PMEWS) vs. CURB-65 to triage pandemic influenza: A comparative validation study using community-acquired pneumonia as a proxy. BMC Health Serv Res 7:33. Chang, E., H. Backer, T. Bey, and K. Koenig. 2008. Maximizing medical and health outcomes after a catastrophic disaster: Defining a new “crisis standard of care.” Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 9(3).

OCR for page 93
96 CRISIS STANDARDS OF CARE GUIDANCE Childress, J. F., R. R. Faden, R. D. Gaare, L. O. Gostin, J. Kahn, R. J. Bonnie, N. E. Kass, A. C. Mastroianni, J. D. Moreno, and P. Nieburg. 2002. Public health ethics: Mapping the terrain. J Law Med Ethics 30(2):170-178. Christian, M. D., L. Hawryluck, R. S. Wax, T. Cook, N. M. Lazar, M. S. Herridge, M. P. Muller, D. R. Gowans, W. Fortier, and F. M. Burkle. 2006. Development of a triage protocol for critical care during an influenza pandemic. CMAJ 175(11):1377–1381. Church, J. 2001. Mass casualty strategy for biological terror incidents: Acute care center. SBCCOM Department of the Army. Cinti, S. K., W. Wilkerson, J. G. Holmes, J. Shlafer, C. Kim, C. D. Collins, K. Bandy, F. Krupansky, M. Lozon, S. A. Bradin, C. Wright, J. Goldberg, D. Wagner, P. Rodgers, J. Atas, and B. Cadwallender. 2008. Pandemic influenza and acute care centers: Taking care of sick patients in a nonhospital setting. Biosecur Bioter- ror 6(4):335-348. Citizen Corps. 2009. Citizen Corps program and partners. http://www. citizencorps.gov/programs/ (accessed September 8, 2009). CMS (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services). 2002. MDS 2.0 for nursing homes. http://www.cms.hhs.gov/nursinghomequalityinits/20 _NHQIMDS20.asp (accessed September 9, 2009). Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. 2009. Guid- ance for alterations in the healthcare system during a moderate to severe influenza pandemic. Will be available at http://www.cdphe. state.co.us/epr/pandemic.html (accessed September 8, 2009). County of Santa Clara. 2007. County of Santa Clara Hospital Mutual Aid System Memorandum of Understanding. http://www.sccgov.org/ SCC/docs/SCC%20Public%20Portal/keyboard%20agenda/BOS%20 Agenda/2007/February%2027.%202007/TMPKeyboard201832702. pdf (accessed September 8, 2009). Courtney, B. 2008. Waiving EMTALA sanctions in response to public health emergencies. Biosecur Bioterror 6(3):213–217. Courtney, B., E. Toner, R. Waldhorn, C. Franco, K. Rambhia, A. Nor- wood, T. V. Inglesby, and T. O’Toole. 2009. Healthcare coalitions: The new foundation for national healthcare preparedness and re- sponse for catastrophic health emergencies. Biosecur Bioterror 7(2):153–163. Curie, J., and R. Crouch. 2008. How far is too far? Exploring the percep- tions of the professions on their current and future roles in emer- gency care. Emergency Medicine Journal 25:335-339.

OCR for page 93
97 APPENDIX A Dacey, M. J. 2003. Tragedy and response—the Rhode Island nightclub fire. N Engl J Med 349(21):1990–1992. Danzig, R., R. Kleinfeld, and P. Bleek. 2007. After an attack: Preparing citizens for bioterrorism. Washington, DC: Center for a New Ameri- can Security. Davidson, S., K. Koenig, and D. Cone. 2006. Daily patient flow is not surge: "Management is prediction". Academic Emergency Medicine 13(11):1138-1141. Davis, D. P., J. C. Poste, T. Hicks, D. Polk, T. E. Rymer, and I. Jacoby. 2005. Hospital bed surge capacity in the event of a mass-casualty in- cident. Prehosp Disaster Med 20(3):169–176. DeBruin, D., E. Parilla, J. Liaschenko, M. Marshall, J. Leider, D. Brunnquell, J. Garrett, and D. Vawter. 2009. Implementing ethical frameworks for rationing scarce health resources in Minnesota dur- ing severe influenza pandemic: Preliminary report. http://www.ahc. umn.edu/mnpanflu/prod/groups/ahc/@pub/@ahc/@ethicsmpep/docu ments/content/ahc_content_090510.pdf (accessed September 9, 2009). Department of Veteran's Affairs. 2009. VHA capabilities assessment program Department of Veterans Affairs. http://www1.va.gov/ EMSHG/page.cfm?pg=133 (accessed September 8, 2009). Devereaux, A., M. D. Christian, J. R. Dichter, J. A. Geiling, and L. Rubinson. 2008a. Summary of suggestions from the task force for mass critical care summit, January 26–27, 2007. Chest 133(5 Suppl):1S–7S. Devereaux, A. V., J. R. Dichter, M. D. Christian, N. N. Dubler, C. E. Sandrock, J. L. Hick, T. Powell, J. A. Geiling, D. E. Amund- son, T. E. Baudendistel, D. A. Braner, M. A. Klein, K. A. Berkowitz, J. R. Curtis, and L. Rubinson. 2008b. Definitive care for the critically ill during a disaster: A framework for allocation of scarce resources in mass critical care: From a task force for mass critical care summit meeting, January 26–27, 2007, Chicago, IL. Chest 133(5 Suppl):51S–66S. DHS (Department of Homeland Security). 2009. Planning guidance for response to a nuclear detonation. http://www.afrri.usuhs.mil/ outreach/pdf/planning-guidance.pdf (accessed September 9, 2009). Dobbs, D. 2000. The law of torts. St. Paul: West Publishing Company. Drexel University Center for Health Equality. 2008. National Consensus Panel on Emergency Preparedness and Cultural Diversity. http:// publichealth.drexel.edu/che/Current_Projects/National_Consensus_

OCR for page 93
98 CRISIS STANDARDS OF CARE GUIDANCE Panel_on_Emergency_Preparedness_and_Cultural_Diversity/69/ (accessed September 8, 2009). Eastridge, B. J., J. Owsley, J. Sebesta, A. Beekley, C. Wade, R. Wild- zunas, P. Rhee, and J. Holcomb. 2006. Admission physiology criteria after injury on the battlefield predict medical resource utilization and patient mortality. J Trauma 61(4):820–823. FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). 2009a. National In- cident Management System (NIMS). http://www.fema.gov /emergency/nims/AboutNIMS.shtm (accessed September 4, 2009). FEMA. 2009b. The National Response Framework. http://www.fema. gov/emergency/nrf/ (accessed September 4, 2009). Flacker, J. M., and D. K. Kiely. 1998. A practical approach to identifying mortality-related factors in established long-term care residents. J Am Geriatr Soc 46(8):1012–1015. Fliedner, T., I. Friesecke, and K. Beyrer. 2001. Medical management of radiation accidents—manual on the acute radiation syndrome. Ed- ited by T. Fliedner, I. Friesecke, and K. Beyrer. Oxford: British Insti- tute of Radiology. Franco, C., E. Toner, R. Waldhorn, T. V. Inglesby, and T. O'Toole. 2007. The national disaster medical system: Past, present, and suggestions for the future. Biosecur Bioterror 5(4):319-325. Galea, S., A. Nandi, and D. Vlahov. 2005. The epidemiology of post- traumatic stress disorder after disasters. Epidemiol Rev 27:78–91. GAO (U.S. Government Accountability Office). 2008. States are plan- ning for medical surge, but could benefit from shared guidance for allocating scarce medical resources: GAO-08-668 report. Washing- ton, DC: GAO. Gavagan, T. F., K. Smart, H. Palacio, C. Dyer, S. Greenberg, P. Sirbaugh, A. Fishkind, D. Hamilton, U. Shah, G. Masi, R. T. Ivey, J. Jones, F. Y. Chiou-Tan, D. Bloodworth, D. Hyman, C. Whigham, V. Pavlik, R. D. Feigin, and K. Mattox. 2006. Hurricane Katrina: Medical response at the Houston Astrodome/Reliant Center Com- plex. South Med J 99(9):933–939. Gebbie, K. M., C. A. Peterson, I. Subbarao, and K. M. White. 2009. Adapting standards of care under extreme conditions. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 3(2):111-116. Germann, T. C., K. Kadau, I. M. Longini, Jr., and C. A. Macken. 2006. Mitigation strategies for pandemic influenza in the United States. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103(15):5935-5940.

OCR for page 93
99 APPENDIX A Gostin, L. O. 2008. Public health law: Power, duty, restraint. Berkeley: University of California Press. Gostin, L. O., and M. Powers. 2006. What does social justice require for the public's health? Public health ethics and policy imperatives. Health Aff (Millwood) 25(4):1053–1060. Graciano, A. L., J. A. Balko, D. S. Rahn, N. Ahmad, and B. P. Giroir. 2005. The Pediatric Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score (P-MODS): Development and validation of an objective scale to measure the severity of multiple organ dysfunction in critically ill children. Crit Care Med 33(7):1484–1491. Hachey, W. 2009. IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Stan- dards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations. Paper presented at IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations, September 2, Washington, DC. Hamilton, D. R., T.F. Gavagan, K.T. Smart, N. Weller, L. A. Upton, D. A. Havron, A. Fishkind, D. Persse, P. Shank, U. A. Shah, and K. Mattox. 2009a. Houston’s medical disaster response to Hurricane Katrina: Part 2: Transitioning from emergency evacuee care to com- munity health care. Ann Emerg Med 53(4):515–527. Hamilton, D. R., T. F. Gavagan, K. T. Smart, L. A. Upton, D. A. Havron, N. F. Weller, U. A. Shah, A. Fishkind, D. Persse, P. Shank, and K. Mattox. 2009b. Houston’s medical disaster response to Hurricane Katrina: Part 1: The initial medical response from trauma service area Q. Ann Emerg Med 53(4):505–514. Hanfling, D. 2006. Equipment, supplies, and pharmaceuticals: How much might it cost to achieve basic surge capacity? Acad Emerg Med 13(11):1232–1237. HHS (Department of Health and Human Services). 2003. Emergency Public Information and Communications (EPIC) advisory report. HHS. 2008. The national biodefense science board approves disaster mental health subcommittee recommendations. http://www.hhs.gov/ aspr/omsph/nbsb/subcomittee/mentalhealth/recommendations.html (accessed September 9, 2009). HHS. 2009. Federal public health and medical assistance. http://www.hhs.gov/disasters/discussion/planners/medicalassistance. html (accessed September 8, 2009). Hick, J., D. Hanfling, J. Burstein, C. DeAtely, D. Barbisch, G. Bogdan, and S. Cantrill. 2004. Healthcare facility and community strategies for patient care surge capacity. Annals of Emergency Medicine 44:253–261.

OCR for page 93
100 CRISIS STANDARDS OF CARE GUIDANCE Hick, J. L., and D. T. O’Laughlin. 2006. Concept of operations for triage of mechanical ventilation in an epidemic. Acad Emerg Med 13(2):223–229. Hick, J.L., L. Rubinson, D.T. O’Laughlin, and J. C. Farmer. 2007. Clini- cal review: Allocating ventilators during large-scale disasters— problems, planning, and process. Crit Care 11(3):217. Hick, J. L., K. L. Koenig, D. Barbisch, and T. A. Bey. 2008. Surge ca- pacity concepts for health care facilities: The CO-S-TR model for initial incident assessment. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2 Suppl 1:S51-57. Hick, J. L., J. A. Barbera, and G. D. Kelen. 2009. Refining surge capac- ity: Conventional, contingency, and crisis capacity. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 3(2 Suppl):S59–S67. Hodge, J. G., Jr. 2006. Emergency System for Advance Registration of Volunteer Health Professionals (ESAR-VHP): Legal and regulatory issues. Washington, DC: Department of Health and Human Services. Hodge, J. G., Jr. 2009. The legal landscape for school closures in re- sponse to pandemic flu or other public health threats. Biosecur Bioterror 7(1):45–50. Hodge, J., and E. Anderson. 2008. Principles and practice of legal triage during public health emergencies. NYU Annual Survey of American Law 64:249–292. Hodge, J. G., Jr., E. F. Brown, and J. P. O’Connell. 2004. The HIPAA Privacy Rule and bioterrorism planning, prevention, and response. Biosecur Bioterror 2(2):73–80. Hodge, J. G., Jr., E. Anderson, S. P. Teret, J. S. Vernick, T. Kirsch, and G. D. Kelen. 2009a. Model Memorandum of Understanding between hospitals during declared emergencies. Baltimore: PACER. Hodge, J. G., Jr., A. M. Garcia, E. D. Anderson, and T. Kaufman. 2009b. Emergency legal preparedness for hospitals and health care person- nel. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 3(2 Suppl):S37–S44. Hoffman, S., R. A. Goodman, and D. D. Stier. 2009. Law, liability, and public health emergencies. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 3(2):117–125. Holt, G. R. 2008. Making difficult ethical decisions in patient care during natural disasters and other mass casualty events. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 139(2):181–186.

OCR for page 93
101 APPENDIX A Houston/Harris County Committee on Pandemic Influenza Medical Standards of Care. 2007. Recommended priority groups for antiviral medication and vaccine. http://www.hcphes.org/2007forum/resource. pdf (accessed September 8, 2009). IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 2009. Field triage for mass casualties. http://www-ns.iaea.org/tech-areas/emergency/iec/ tech-areas/emergency/iec/frg/ti9.htm (accessed September 9, 2009). ICDRM (Institute for Crisis, Disaster, and Risk Management). 2009. ICDRM/GWU emergency management glossary of terms. The George Washington University. http://www.gwu.edu/~icdrm/ publications/PDF/EM_Glossary_ICDRM.pdf (accessed September 8, 2009). IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2003. Preparing for the psychological con- sequences of terrorism: A public health strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2007. PTSD compensation and military service. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2009a. Assessing medical preparedness to respond to a terrorist nuclear event. Workshop report. Washington, DC: National Acad- emies Press. IOM. 2009b. Respiratory protection for healthcare workers in the work- place against novel H1N1 influenza A: A letter report. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. IOM. 2009c (unpublished). Standards of care during a mass casualty event. Workshop summary. Washington, DC. Kaji, A., K. L. Koenig, and T. Bey. 2006. Surge capacity for healthcare systems: A conceptual framework. Acad Emerg Med 13(11):1157– 1159. Kanter, R. K. 2007. Strategies to improve pediatric disaster surge re- sponse: Potential mortality reduction and tradeoffs. Crit Care Med 35(12):2837-2842. Kelen, G. D., C. K. Kraus, M. L. McCarthy, E. Bass, E. B. Hsu, G. Li, J. J. Scheulen, J. B. Shahan, J. D. Brill, and G. B. Green. 2006. Inpa- tient disposition classification for the creation of hospital surge ca- pacity: A multiphase study. Lancet 368(9551):1984–1990.

OCR for page 93
102 CRISIS STANDARDS OF CARE GUIDANCE Kelen, G. D., M. L. McCarthy, C. K. Kraus, R. Ding, E. B. Hsu, G. Li, J. B. Shahan, J. J. Scheulen, and G. B. Green. 2009. Creation of surge capacity by early discharge of hospitalized patients at low risk for untoward events. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 3(2 Suppl):S10-16. Levin, D., Cadigan, R.O., Biddinger, P.D., Condon, S., and H.K. Koh. 2009. Altered Standards of Care During an Influenza Pandemic: Identifying Ethical, Legal, and Practical Principles to Guide Decision Making. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness Epub [published ahead of print]. Lewandowski, W., and K. Adamle. 2009. Substantive areas of clinical nurse specialist practice: A comprehensive review of the literature. Clin Nurse Spec 23(2):73-90; quiz 91-72. Li-Vollmer, M. 2009 September 2, 2009. IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations. Paper presented at IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations, September 2, Washington, DC. Lieberman, D., Nachshon, L., Miloslavsky, O., Dvorkin, V., Shimoni, A., and D. Lieberman. 2009. How do older ventilated patients fare? A survival/functional analysis of 641 ventilations. Journal of Critical Care 24(3): 340-46. Lurie, N., J. Wasserman, and C. D. Nelson. 2006. Public health prepar- edness: Evolution or revolution? Health Aff (Millwood) 25(4):935– 945. Massachusetts Department of Public Health, and Center for Public Health Preparedness at Harvard School of Public Health. 2006 (un- published). Planning for altered standards of care during mass casualty events: Scenarios. Mastroianni, A. C. 2006. Liability, regulation and policy in surgical in- novation: The cutting edge of research and therapy. Health Matrix Clevel 16(2):351-442. Matzo, M. L. 2004. Palliative care: Prognostication and the chronically ill: Methods you need to know as chronic disease progresses in older adults. Am J Nurs 104(9):40–49; quiz 50. McCarthy, M. L., D. Aronsky, and G. D. Kelen. 2006. The measurement of daily surge and its relevance to disaster preparedness. Acad Emerg Med 13(11):1138-1141.

OCR for page 93
103 APPENDIX A McHugh, M., A. B. Staiti, and L. E. Felland. 2004. How prepared are Americans for public health emergencies? Twelve communities weigh in. Health Aff (Millwood) 23(3):201–209. Minnesota Department of Health. 2008. Minnesota healthcare system preparedness program standards of care for scarce resources. http// www.health.state.mn.us/oep/healthcare/standards.pdf (accessed Sep- tember 8, 2009). Mitchell, S. L., D. K. Kiely, M. B. Hamel, P. S. Park, J. N. Morris, and B. E. Fries. 2004. Estimating prognosis for nursing home residents with advanced dementia. JAMA 291(22):2734–2740. Moreno, R., J. L. Vincent, R. Matos, A. Mendonca, F. Cantraine, L. Thijs, J. Takala, C. Sprung, M. Antonelli, H. Bruining, and S. Willatts. 1999. The use of maximum sofa score to quantify organ dysfunction/failure in intensive care. Results of a prospective, multi- centre study. Working group on sepsis related problems of the esicm. Intensive Care Med 25(7):686-696. National Wildfire Coordinating Group. 1994. Incident command system national training curriculum instructor guide. Module 16. New Jersey Hospital Association. 2008. Planning today for a pandemic tomorrow: Video vignettes. http://www.njha.com/paninf/index.aspx (accessed September 8, 2009). North Central Texas Trauma Regional Advisory Council. 2009. North Central Texas Trauma Regional Advisory Council hospital mutual aid agreement. http://ncttrac.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=9N Click.aspx?fileticket=9N6AIZSZ0I4%3D&tabid=66&mid=874 (ac- cessed September 8, 2009). NYS DOH (New York State Department of Health)/NYS Task Force on Life & the Law. 2007. Allocation of ventilators in an influenza pan- demic:Planning document: Draft for public comment. http:// www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/communicable/influenza/pandemic/ ventilators/ (accessed September 8, 2009). O’Laughlin, D. T., and J. L. Hick. 2008. Ethical issues in resource triage. Respir Care 53(2):190–197; discussion 197–200. Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care. 2008. Ontario health plan for an influenza pandemic. http://www.health.gov.on.ca/english /providers/program/emu/pan_flu/pan_flu_plan.html#section (ac- cessed September 8, 2009).

OCR for page 93
104 CRISIS STANDARDS OF CARE GUIDANCE Pastor, M., R. Bullard, J. Boyce, A. Fothergill, R. Morello-Frosch, and B. Wright. 2006. Report: In the wake of the storm: Environment, disaster, and race after Katrina. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foun- dation Pegalis, S. 2009. Physician and surgeon liability: Standard of care, gen- erally. American Law of Medical Malpractice 3(3). Peres Bota, D., C. Melot, F. Lopes Ferreira, V. Nguyen Ba, and J. L. Vincent. 2002. The multiple organ dysfunction score (MODS) versus the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score in outcome prediction. Intensive Care Med 28(11):1619-1624. Pesik, N., M. E. Keim, and K. V. Iserson. 2001. Terrorism and the ethics of emergency medical care. Ann Emerg Med 37(6):642–646. Pettila, V., M. Pettila, S. Sarna, P. Voutilainen, and O. Takkunen. 2002. Comparison of multiple organ dysfunction scores in the prediction of hospital mortality in the critically ill. Crit Care Med 30(8):1705- 1711. Phillips, S., and A. Knebel, eds. 2007. Mass medical care with scarce resources: A community planning guide. AHRQ Publication No. 07- 0001. Rockville: AHRQ. Pollack, M. M., U. E. Ruttimann, and P. R. Getson. 1988. Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) score. Crit Care Med 16(11):1110–1116. Posner, Z., H. Admi, and N. Menashe. 2003. Ten-fold expansion of a burn unit in mass casualty: How to recruit the nursing staff. Disaster Manag Response 1(4):100–104. Powell, T., K. C. Christ, and G. S. Birkhead. 2008. Allocation of ventila- tors in a public health disaster. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2(1):20–26. Propper, B. W., T. E. Rasmussen, S. B. Davidson, S. L. Vandenberg, W. D. Clouse, G. E. Burkhardt, S. M. Gifford, and J. A. Johannigman. 2009. Surgical response to multiple casualty incidents following sin- gle explosive events. Ann Surg 250(2):311–315. REMM. 2009. REMM triage guidelines. http://www.remm.nlm. gov/radtriage.htm (accessed September 9, 2009). Romig, L. 2009. The jumpstart pediatric mci triage tool. http://www. jumpstarttriage.com/ (accessed August 31, 2009). Rosenbaum, S., M. B. Harty, and J. Sheer. 2008. State laws extending comprehensive legal liability protections for professional health-care volunteers during public health emergencies. Public Health Rep 123(2):238–241.

OCR for page 93
105 APPENDIX A Rubinson, L., J. B. Nuzzo, D. S. Talmor, T. O'Toole, B. R. Kramer, and T. V. Inglesby. 2005. Augmentation of hospital critical care capacity after bioterrorist attacks or epidemics: Recommendations of the working group on emergency mass critical care. Crit Care Med 33(10):2393-2403. Rubinson, L., J. L. Hick, J. R. Curtis, R. D. Branson, S. Burns, M. D. Christian, A. V. Devereaux, J. R. Dichter, D. Talmor, B. Erstad, J. Medina, and J. A. Geiling. 2008a. Definitive care for the critically ill during a disaster: Medical resources for surge capacity: From a task force for mass critical care summit meeting, January 26-27, 2007, Chicago, IL. Chest 133(5 Suppl):32S-50S. Rubinson, L., J. L. Hick, D. G. Hanfling, A. V. Devereaux, J. R. Dichter, M. D. Christian, D. Talmor, J. Medina, J. R. Curtis, and J. A. Geil- ing. 2008b. Definitive care for the critically ill during a disaster: A framework for optimizing critical care surge capacity: From a task force for mass critical care summit meeting, January 26–27, 2007, Chicago, IL. Chest 133(5 Suppl):18S–31S. Saffle, J. R., N. Gibran, and M. Jordan. 2005. Defining the ratio of out- comes to resources for triage of burn patients in mass casualties. J Burn Care Rehabil 26(6):478–482. Sandrock, C. E. 2009 (unpublished). ESCAPE partnership crisis care guidelines. http://www.ucdmc. ucdavis.edu/escape/crisis-care- guidelines.html (accessed September 8, 2009). Schmidt, P. J. 2002. Blood and disaster-supply and demand. N Engl J Med 346(8):617–620. Schoch-Spana, M., C. Franco, J. B. Nuzzo, and C. Usenza. 2007. Com- munity engagement: Leadership tool for catastrophic health events. Biosecur Bioterror 5(1):8–25. Schreiber, M. 2005. Learning from 9/11: Toward a national model for children and families in mass casualty. In on the ground after 9/11: Mental health responses and practical knowledge gained. Edited by Y. Daneili. New York, NY: Haworth. Schultz, C. H., and K. L. Koenig. 2006. State of research in high- consequence hospital surge capacity. Acad Emerg Med 13(11):1153- 1156. Sharpe, V. A. 2009. IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Stan- dards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations. Paper presented at IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations, September 2, Washington, DC.

OCR for page 93
106 CRISIS STANDARDS OF CARE GUIDANCE Sheppard, B., G. J. Rubin, J. K. Wardman, and S. Wessely. 2006. Terror- ism and dispelling the myth of a panic prone public. J Public Health Policy 27(3):219-245; discussion 246-219. Skidmore, S., W. Wall, and J. Church. 2003. Modular emergency medi- cal system concept of operation for the acute care center: Mass casualty strategy for a biological terror incident. Department of De- fense. State of Connecticut. 2006. State of connecticut emergency management hospital mutual aid agreement. http://www.ynhhs.org/emergency/ commu/OEP_Emergency_Management_MOU.pdf (accessed Sep- tember 8, 2009). Stein-Spencer, L. 2009. IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations. Paper presented at IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations, September 2, Washington, DC. Stier, D. 2009. Public health law program: Mutual aid. http://www2a.cdc.gov/phlp/mutualaid/ (accessed August 31, 2009). Swendiman, K. S., and N. L. Jones. 2009. The 2009 influenza pandemic: Selected legal issues. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Services. Tabery, J., and C. W. Mackett, 3rd. 2008. Ethics of triage in the event of an influenza pandemic. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2(2):114–118. Talmor, D., A. E. Jones, L. Rubinson, M. D. Howell, and N. I. Shapiro. 2007. Simple triage scoring system predicting death and the need for critical care resources for use during epidemics. Crit Care Med 35(5):1251–1256. TFAH (Trust for America’s Health). 2008. TFAH liability protections: relevant statutes. http://healthyamericans.org/reports/bioterror08/ pdf/legal-preparedness-law-review-of-state-statutes-and-codes.pdf (accessed September 11, 2009). The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Public Health. May 2007 (unpublished). Guidelines for the development of altered stan- dards of care for influenza pandemic. The Sphere Project. 2004. Humanitarian charter and minimum standards in disaster response. Oxford: Oxfam Publishing. The Utah Hospitals and Health Systems Association. 2009. Utah pan- demic influenza hospital and ICU triage guidelines. Version 1. http://www.pandemicflu.utah.gov/plan/med_triage011009.pdf (ac- cessed September 8, 2009).

OCR for page 93
107 APPENDIX A Thienkrua, W., B. L. Cardozo, M. L. Chakkraband, T. E. Guadamuz, W. Pengjuntr, P. Tantipiwatanaskul, S. Sakornsatian, S. Ekassawin, B. Panyayong, A. Varangrat, J. W. Tappero, M. Schreiber, and F. van Griensven. 2006. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and de- pression among children in tsunami-affected areas in southern Thai- land. JAMA 296(5):549–559. Toner, E., R. Waldhorn, C. Franco, B. Courtney, K. Rambhia, A. Norwood, T. Inglesby, and T. O’Toole. 2009. Hospitals rising to the challenge: The first five years of the U.S. hospital preparedness program and priorities going forward. Baltimore: Center for Biose- curity of UPMC. Townsend, F. 2006. The federal response to Hurricane Katrina: Lessons learned. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/reports/katrina -lessons-learned/ (accessed September 8, 2009). University of Toronto. 2005. Stand on guard for thee: Ethical considera- tions in preparedness planning for pandemic influenza. University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics Pandemic Influenza Working Group. Toronto: University of Toronto. VHA (Veterans Health Administration). 2008 (unpublished). Tertiary triage protocol for allocation of scarce life-saving resources in VHA during an influenza pandemic. http://www.ethics.va.gov/docs/ pandemicflu/Draft_VHA_Pan_Flu_Tertiary_Triage_Protocol_20090 427.doc (accessed September 8, 2009). VHA. 2009 (unpublished). Draft guidance: Meeting the challenge of pandemic influenza: Ethical guidance for VHA leaders and clini- cians. http://www.ethics.va.gov/activities/pandemic_influenza_pre paredness.asp (accessed September 8, 2009). Vincent, J. L., A. de Mendonca, F. Cantraine, R. Moreno, J. Takala, P. M. Suter, C. L. Sprung, F. Colardyn, and S. Blecher. 1998. Use of the sofa score to assess the incidence of organ dysfunction/failure in intensive care units: Results of a multicenter, prospective study. Working group on "Sepsis-related problems" Of the european society of intensive care medicine. Crit Care Med 26(11):1793-1800. Vincent, J. L., R. Moreno, J. Takala, S. Willatts, A. De Mendonca, H. Bruining, C. K. Reinhart, P. M. Suter, and L. G. Thijs. 1996. The sofa (sepsis-related organ failure assessment) score to describe organ dysfunction/failure. On behalf of the working group on sepsis-related problems of the European society of intensive care medicine. Inten- sive Care Med 22(7):707-710.

OCR for page 93
108 CRISIS STANDARDS OF CARE GUIDANCE Virginia Department of Health. 2008. Virginia Hospital and Healthcare Association Altered Standards of Care Workgroup: Critical resource shortages: A planning guide. http://www.troutmansanders.com/files/ upload/Critical%20Resource%20Shortages-A%20Planning%20Guid e.pdf (accessed September 8, 2009). Walter, L. C., R. J. Brand, S. R. Counsell, R. M. Palmer, C. S. Landefeld, R. H. Fortinsky, and K. E. Covinsky. 2001. Development and valida- tion of a prognostic index for 1-year mortality in older adults after hospitalization. JAMA 285(23):2987–2994. Washington State Department of Health's Altered Standards of Care Workgroup. October 2008 (unpublished). Report and recommenda- tions to the department of health secretary on establishing altered standards of care during an influenza pandemic. Waselenko, J. K., T. J. MacVittie, W. F. Blakely, N. Pesik, A. L. Wiley, W. E. Dickerson, H. Tsu, D. L. Confer, C. N. Coleman, T. Seed, P. Lowry, J. O. Armitage, and N. Dainiak. 2004. Medical manage- ment of the acute radiation syndrome: Recommendations of the Stra- tegic National Stockpile Radiation Working Group. Ann Intern Med 140(12):1037–1051. White, D. B., M. H. Katz, J. M. Luce, and B. Lo. 2009. Who should re- ceive life support during a public health emergency? Using ethical principles to improve allocation decisions. Ann Intern Med 150(2):132–138. WHO (World Health Organization). 2006. Project on addressing ethical issues in pandemic influenza planning: Equitable access to therapeu- tic and prophylactic measures. http://www.who.int/eth/ethics/PIE thicsdraftpaperWG120oct06.pdf (accessed September 8, 2009). WHO. 2008. Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through ac- tion on the social determinants of health. Final report of the Com- mission on Social Determinants of Health. Geneva: WHO. WHO. 2009. Pandemic (H1N1) 2009— update 62 (revised 21 August 2009). http://www.who.int/csr/don/2009_08_21/en/index.html (accessed September 8, 2009). Wilkinson, A., and M. Matzo. 2006. Palliative care and mass casualty events in rendering mass medical care with scarce resources: A planning guide. Rockville: AHRQ. Wise, E. H. 2008. Competence and scope of practice: Ethics and profes- sional development. J Clin Psychol 64(5):626-637. Wynia, M. 2005. Oversimplifications I: Physicians don't do public health. Am J Bioeth 5(4):4-5.

OCR for page 93
109 APPENDIX A Wynia, M. 2009. IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Stan- dards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations. Paper presented at IOM Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations, September 2, Washington, DC.

OCR for page 93