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. "Appendix E: Standards for the Current Food- and Nutrient-Based Menu Planning Approaches." School Meals: Building Blocks for Healthy Children. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2010.
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TABLE E-3 Reimbursable Breakfast and Lunch Under Nutrient-Based Menu Planning: Standards for Menu Item as Offered and as Served
Schools must offer at least three menu items:
Fluid milk (served as a beverage)
Two additional menu items
Student may decline only one item, regardless of the number of items offered
If three items are offered, students may decline one
If four or more items are offered, students may decline two
Students must select an entrée
aOffer versus serve (OVS) for breakfast is optional at all grade levels.
bOVS is optional in grades below senior high level.
SOURCE: Derived from USDA/FNS, 2007b.
TABLE E-4 Reimbursable Breakfast and Lunch: Standards for 5-Day Average Amounts of Key Nutrients for Age-Grade Groups
Saturated fat (% of calories)
Vitamin A (RAE)
Vitamin C (mg)
NOTES: g = gram; K = kindergarten; mg = milligram; RAE = retinol activity equivalent.
SOURCES: Derived from USDA/FNS, 2000a, 2008e.