• 5-5. Innovative, effective, multicomponent hepatitis C virus prevention strategies for injection drug users and non-injection-drug users should be developed and evaluated to achieve greater control of hepatitis C virus transmission.

Pregnant Women

  • 5-6. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention should provide additional resources and guidance to perinatal hepatitis B prevention program coordinators to expand and enhance the capacity to identify chronically infected pregnant women and provide case-management services, including referral for appropriate medical management.

  • 5-7. The National Institutes of Health should support a study of the effectiveness and safety of peripartum antiviral therapy to reduce and possibly eliminate perinatal hepatitis B virus transmission from women at high risk for perinatal transmission.

Incarcerated Populations

  • 5-8. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Department of Justice should create an initiative to foster partnerships between health departments and corrections systems to ensure the availability of comprehensive viral hepatitis services for incarcerated people.

Community Health Facilities

  • 5-9. The Health Resources and Services Administration should provide adequate resources to federally funded community health facilities for provision of comprehensive viral-hepatitis services.

High Impact Settings

  • 5-10. The Health Resources and Services Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention should provide resources and guidance to integrate comprehensive viral hepatitis services into settings that serve high-risk populations such as STD clinics, sites for HIV services and care, homeless shelters, and mobile health units.

Administration (HRSA), the Office of Minority Health, the Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and the National Institutes of Health. Because there is no coordinated federal strategy for HBV and HCV prevention and control, those efforts are uneven in their application and funding. States, communi-

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