TABLE 1-2 Burden of Selected Serious Chronic Viral Infections in the United States

Virus

Prevalencea,b

Percentage of Population Unaware of Infection Statusc,d,e

Deaths in 2006 Related to Infectiona,b

Vaccine-Preventable

Transmission Routes

Percentage of CDC NCHHSTP FY 2008 Budgetf

HBV

0.8–1.4 million

About 65%

3,000

Yes

Birth, blood, sex

2% combined

HCV

2.7–3.9 million

About 75%

12,000

No

Birth, blood, sex

HIV/AIDS

1.1 million

About 21%

14,016

No

Birth, blood, sex

69% (domestic activities)

Abbreviations: CDC NCHHSTP, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Disease, and Tuberculosis Prevention; HBV, hepatitis B virus; HCV, hepatitis C virus; HIV/AIDS, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

SOURCES:

aCDC, 2009b;

bCDC, 2009d;

cLin et al., 2007;

dHagan et al., 2006;

eCDC, 2008b;

fWard, 2008a.



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