Johnson, D.R., K.L. Nichol, and K. Lipczynski. 2008. Barriers to adult immunization. Am J Med 121(7 Suppl 2):S28-S35.

Keelan, J., V. Pavri-Garcia, G. Tomlinson, and K. Wilson. 2007. YouTube as a source of information on immunization: A content analysis. JAMA 298(21):2482-2484.

Kennedy, A.M., C.J. Brown, and D.A. Gust. 2005. Vaccine beliefs of parents who oppose compulsory vaccination. Public Health Rep 120(3):252-258.

Keystone Center. 2003. Final Summary Report and Proposal for the Vaccine Policy Analysis Collaborative (VPACE). Available: [accessed January 27, 2009].

Lenhart, A. 2009 (April 10). Teens and Social Media: An Overview. PowerPoint Presentation. New York: New York Department of Health & Mental Hygiene.

Malone, K.M., and A.R. Hinman. 2003. Vaccination Mandates: The Public Health Imperative and Individual Rights. In R.A. Goodman, M.A. Rothstein, R.E. Hoffman, et al., eds. Law in Public Health Practice. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 262-284.

McNeil, D.G. 2009. Don’t blame flu shots for all ills, officials say. The New York Times, September 28, 2009, A1.

Murch, S.H., A. Anthony, D.H. Casson, M. Malik, M. Berelowitz, A.P. Dhillon, M.A. Thomson, A. Valentine, S.E. Davies, and J.A. Walker-Smith. 2004. Retraction of an interpretation. Lancet 363(9411):750.

NCSL (National Conference of State Legislatures). 2009. States with Religious and Philosophical Exemptions from School Immunization Requirements. Available: [accessed July 10, 2009].

NFID (National Foundation for Infectious Disease). 2008. Saving Lives: Integrating Vaccines for Adults into Routine Care. Bethesda, MD: National Foundation for Infectious Disease.

NVAC (National Vaccine Advisory Committee). 2008. Charge to the NVAC Safety Working Group. Available: [accessed April, 2008].

NVPO (National Vaccine Program Office). 2000. Summary, Workshop on Vaccine Communication (October 5-6). Washington, DC: HHS.

Omer, S.B., K.S. Enger, L.H. Moulton, N.A. Halsey, S. Stokley, and D.A. Salmon. 2008. Geographic clustering of nonmedical exemptions to school immunization requirements and associations with geographic clustering of pertussis. Am J Epidemiol 168(12):1389-1396.

Omer, S.B., D.A. Salmon, W.A. Orenstein, M.P. deHart, and N. Halsey. 2009. Vaccine refusal, mandatory immunization, and the risks of vaccine-preventable diseases. N Engl J Med 360(19):1981-1988.

PEW Internet & American Life Project. 2003. December 2002 Tracking Survey. Available: [accessed September 2009].

Roemheld-Hamm, B., N. Isaacson, C. Winston, J. Scott, S. Hudson, and B. Crabtree. 2008. Influenza immunization disparities in primary care offices—a comparative case study. J Health Care Poor Underserved 19(4):1248-1257.

Salmon, D.A., M. Haber, E.J. Gangarosa, L. Phillips, N.J. Smith, and R.T. Chen. 1999. Health consequences of religious and philosophical exemptions from immunization laws: Individual and societal risk of measles. JAMA 282(1):47-53.

Schwartz, J.L. 2009. Unintended consequences: The primacy of public trust in vaccination. First Impressions 107(3):100-104.

Sheedy, K. 2009 (February 21). Assessing and Addressing Parental Concerns in the U.S. About Infant Immunizations. Presentation to the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee. Washinton, DC: HHS.

Slovic, P. 1987. Perception of risk. Science 236(4799):280-285.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement