. "3 Development and Cardiovascular Disease." Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World: A Critical Challenge to Achieve Global Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2010.
The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs). 2008. World urbanization prospects: The 2007 update. Geneva: United Nations.
UNFPA (United Nations Fund for Population Activities). 2007. State of world population2007. New York: UNFPA.
Wang, H., J. L. Sindelar, and S. H. Busch. 2006. The impact of tobacco expenditure on household consumption patterns in rural China. Social Science and Medicine 62(6):1414-1426.
Wang, Y., and M. A. Beydoun. 2007. The obesity epidemic in the United States—gender, age, socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and geographic characteristics: A systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Epidemiologic Reviews 29:6-28.
WEF (World Economic Forum). 2009. Employee health as a strategic imperative: Report of thegovernors meeting of the consumer industries. Geneva: World Economic Forum.
WHO (World Health Organization). 2005. Preventing chronic diseases: A vital investment. Geneva: World Health Organization.
WHOSIS (World Health Organization Statistical Information System). World Health Statistics. 2009. Geneva: World Health Organization.
World Bank. 2005a. Brazil: Addressing the challenge of non-communicable diseases in Brazil. Washington, DC: World Bank.
World Bank. 2005b. World development report overview 2006: Equity and development. Washington, DC: World Bank.
World Bank Commission on Growth and Development. 2008. The growth report: Strategiesfor sustained growth and inclusive development. Washington, DC: World Bank.
World Bank Europe and Central Asia Human Development Department. 2005. Dying tooyoung: Addressing premature mortality and ill health due to non-communicable diseasesand injuries in the Russian Federation. Washington, DC: World Bank.
World Trade Organization. 2009. International trade statistics 2009. Geneva: World Trade Organization.
Xu, K., D. B. Evans, G. Carrin, A. M. Aguilar-Rivera, P. Musgrove, T. Evans. 2007. Protecting households from catastrophic health spending. Health Affairs 26(4):972-983.
Yang, G., L. Kong, W. Zhao, X. Wan, Y. Zhai, L. C. Chen, and J. P. Koplan. 2008. Emergence of chronic non-communicable diseases in China. Lancet 372(9650):1697-1705.
Yusuf, S., S. Reddy, S. Ounpuu, and S. Anand. 2001a. Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: Part I: General considerations, the epidemiologic transition, risk factors, and impact of urbanization. Circulation 104(22):2746-2753.
Yusuf, S., S. Reddy, S. Ounpuu, and S. Anand. 2001b. Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: Part II: Variations in cardiovascular disease by specific ethnic groups and geographic regions and prevention strategies. Circulation 104(23):2855-2864.
Zatonski, W. A., A. J. McMichael, and J. W. Powles. 1998. Ecological study of reasons for sharp decline in mortality from ischaemic heart disease in Poland since 1991. BritishMedical Journal 316(7137):1047-1051.
Zhao, W., Y. Zhai, J. Hu, J. Wang, Z. Yang, L. Kong, and C. Chen. 2008. Economic burdenEconomic burden of obesity-related chronic diseases in mainland China. Obesity Reviews 9(1):62-67.
Ziraba, A. K., J. C. Fotso, and R. Ochako. 2009. Overweight and obesity in urban Africa: A problem of the rich or the poor? BMC Public Health 9:465.