This global mechanism can be built upon ongoing efforts by WHO to report on the global status of noncommunicable diseases, including developing guidance for surveillance systems and standardizing core indicators.
Recommendation 12: Report on Global Progress
WHO should produce and present to the World Health Assembly a biannual World Heart Health Report within the existing framework of reporting mechanisms for its Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases. The goal of this report should be to provide objective data to track progress in the global effort against CVD and to stimulate policy dialog. These efforts should be designed not only for global monitoring but also to build capacity and support planning and evaluation at the national level in low and middle income countries. Financial support should come from the Global Alliance for Chronic Disease, with operational support from the CDC. The reporting process should involve national governments from high, middle, and low income countries; leading international NGOs; industry alliances; and development agencies. An initial goal of this global reporting mechanism should be to develop or select standardized indicators and methods for measurement, leveraging existing instruments where available. These would be recommended to countries, health systems, and prevention programs to maximize the global comparability of the data they collect.
Ultimately, the committee concluded that better control of CVD and related chronic diseases worldwide, and particularly in developing countries, is eminently possible. However, to achieve that goal will require sustained efforts, strong leadership, collaboration among stakeholders based on clearly defined goals and outcomes, and an investment of financial, technical, and human resources. Rather than competing against other global health and development priorities, the CVD community needs to engage policy makers and global health colleagues to integrate attention to CVD within existing global health missions and efforts because, given the high and growing burden, it will be impossible to achieve global health without better efforts to promote cardiovascular health.