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FIGURE 5-5 Percentage of persons 2 years of age or more exceeding the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for sodium from foods.

FIGURE 5-5 Percentage of persons 2 years of age or more exceeding the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for sodium from foods.

SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.

the UL for sodium. Preliminary findings from the 2008 FITS10 indicate that a large proportion of toddlers and preschoolers continue to have sodium intake above the UL.

By Gender

Beginning with the school-age period, boys have higher sodium intake than girls, a pattern consistent with higher energy intake (see Figure 5-6). Among older children and adults, women over 70 years have the lowest mean sodium intake (2,398 mg/d)—only preschoolers are lower. At each age group, the higher usual sodium intake by men is associated with a greater percentage with intake above the UL compared to women. Nine out of 10 adult men have excessive sodium intake.

By Sodium Intake Density

Sodium intake increases with increased calorie intake (Loria et al., 2001). As shown in Table 5-3, analyses for age and gender groups using

10

Nestle Nutrition Institute, presented at American Dietetic Association, Food & Nutrition Conference and Expo, Denver, CO, October 2009. Available online: http://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Science-Nutrition/Preschoolers-diets-mimic-unhealthy-adult-eating (accessed November 9, 2009).



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