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TABLE 5-3 Correlation Values for Sodium-to-Calorie Intake

 

Correlation (mg to kcal)

All ages 2+ years

0.79

Children

 

2–3 years

0.78

4–8 years

0.77

Males

 

9–13 years

0.81

14–18 years

0.83

19–30 years

0.75

31–50 years

0.75

51–70 years

0.72

> 70 years

0.68

Females

 

9–13 years

0.75

14–18 years

0.78

19–30 years

0.76

31–50 years

0.74

51–70 years

0.71

> 70 years

0.67

Pregnant and lactating womena

0.72

Pregnant women

0.74

Lactating women

0.63

NOTES: Based on Day 1 intake. kcal = calorie; mg = milligram.

aEleven women were pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.

Non-Hispanic African American children ages 2–3 and 4–8 years have the highest mean sodium intake compared to non-Hispanic white and Mexican American children, but by ages 9–13 years there are no differences. Among adolescents and adults, non-Hispanic whites have higher mean sodium intake than non-Hispanic African Americans, and non-Hispanic whites have higher means than Mexican Americans. Since observed differences between racial/ethnic groups may be related to differences in dietary patterns (i.e., the types and amounts of foods consumed) and/or differences in accuracy of dietary reporting, these data should be interpreted with caution. Further, while parents serving as respondents for very young children may overreport intake (Devaney et al., 2004), little is known about the accuracy of parents’ dietary reporting based on their race/ethnicity and socioeconomic characteristics. Further details about intake by race/ethnicity can be found in Appendix F (Table F-5).



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