Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$48.00



View/Hide Left Panel

TABLE 5-4 Usual Mean Sodium Intake from Foods by Race/Ethnicity for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

Age

Total

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic African American

Mexican American

Mean (mg/d)

SE

Mean (mg/d)

SE

Mean (mg/d)

SE

Mean (mg/d)

SE

Age-adjusted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All ages 2+ years

3,506

9.0

3,589

14.0

3,315

16.0

3,342

17.0

Adults 19+ years

3,613

12.0

3,689

18.0

3,377

26.0

3,499

27.0

Not Age-adjusted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2–3 years

2,201

19.3

2,193

36.9

2,404

39.1

2,018

31.7

4–8 years

2,796

16.0

2,811

30.8

2,874

26.6

2,672

28.5

9–13 years

3,280

16.9

3,307

34.3

3,282

29.2

3,230

30.2

14–18 years

3,693

23.6

3,806

49.8

3,479

37.2

3,486

35.6

19–30 years

3,816

23.7

3,943

36.2

3,550

45.1

3,581

47.4

31–50 years

3,734

22.9

3,830

34.0

3,499

44.4

3,620

43.5

51–70 years

3,234

20.4

3,316

27.8

2,862

39.4

2,831

50.6

> 70 years

2,651

19.0

2,692

22.4

2,362

42.4

2,236

55.9

Adults 19+ years

3,493

12.1

3,549

16.9

3,271

24.9

3,425

27.4

All ages 2+ years

3,409

8.7

3,478

14.1

3,231

15.6

3,264

16.8

NOTES: Total column includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately. d = day; mg = milligram; SE = standard error.

SOURCE: NHANES, 2003–2006.

Income

Distributions of usual sodium intake from foods show that sodium intake is high across all income levels in the population (see Appendix F, Table F-6). For the purposes of this report and consistent with standards for reporting nutrition and statistical data for the evaluation of nutrition assistance programs (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Life Sciences Research Office, 1995), low-income is defined as an annual household income level of 130 percent of poverty or less, the income eligibility for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly called the food stamp program; intermediate income is between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty line (185 being the income eligibility cut-off for free- or reduced-price school meals and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children [WIC] program); and higher-income is defined as annual household income above 185 percent of poverty. Mean sodium intake from foods is highest among low-income and higher-income adults ages 19–30 years and higher-income adults ages 31–50 years.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement