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REFERENCES

CSPI (Center for Science in the Public Interest). 2005. Petition to revoke the GRAS status of salt, to set ceilings on the amount of sodium in processed foods, to require a health warning on packaged salt, and to reduce the Daily Value for sodium. http://www.cspinet.org/salt/fda_salt_petition.pdf (accessed September 19, 2009).

FDA (Food and Drug Administration). 2008a. Appendix A: Definitions of nutrient claims. In Guidance for industry: A food labeling guide. College Park, MD: FDA, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

FDA. 2008b. Appendix C: Health claims. In Guidance for industry: A food labeling guide. College Park, MD: FDA, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Folkenberg, J. 1988. A primer on food additives. FDA Consumer 22:13-17.

GAO (Government Accountability Office). 2010. FDA should strengthen its oversight of food ingredients determined to be generally recognized as safe (GRAS). GAO-10-246. Washington, DC: Government Accountability Office.

HHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)/FDA. 1982. GRAS safety review of sodium chloride; policy notice; solicitation of views. Federal Register 47(118): 26590-26595.

HHS/FDA. 1984. Food labeling; declaration of sodium content of foods and label claims for foods on the basis of sodium content. Federal Register 49(76):15510-15535.

HHS/FDA. 1985. Food labeling; declaration of sodium content of foods and label claims for foods on the basis of sodium content; extension of effective date. Federal Register 50(126):26984-26987.

HHS/FDA. 1994. Food labeling: Nutrient content claims, definition of term: Healthy; final rule. Federal Register 59(89):24232.

HHS/FDA. 1997. Food labeling: Nutrient content claims, definition of term “healthy”; final rule, partial stay. Federal Register 62(62):15390-15391.

HHS/FDA. 2004. Counting calories: Report of the working group on obesity. College Park, MD: Food and Drug Administration.

HHS/FDA. 2005. Food labeling; nutrient content claims, definition of sodium levels for the term “healthy”; final rule. Federal Register 70(188):56828-56849.

HHS/FDA. 2007. Food labeling: Revision of reference values and mandatory nutrients; advanced notice of proposed rule-making. Federal Register 72(212):62149-62175.

HHS/FDA. 2008. Salt and sodium; petition to revise the regulatory status of salt and establish food labeling requirements regarding salt and sodium; public hearing; reopening of the comment period; proposed rules. Federal Register 73(113):33027.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2005. Dietary Reference Intakes for water, potassium, sodium, chloride, and sulfate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Lecos, C. 1986. New regulation to help sodium-conscious consumers. FDA Consumer, May 3.

Levy, A. S., S. B. Fein, and R. E. Schucker. 1996. Performance characteristics of seven nutrition label formats. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing 15:1-15.

Lewis, C. J., and E. A. Yetley. 1992. Focus group sessions on formats of nutrition labels. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 92:62-66.

NRC (National Research Council). 1989. Diet and health: Implications for reducing chronic disease risk. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

SCOGS (Select Committee on GRAS Substances). 1979. Evaluation of the health aspects of sodium chloride and potassium chloride as food ingredients. Bethesda, MD: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Life Sciences Research Office.

Taylor, C. L., and V. L. Wilkening. 2008a. How the nutrition food label was developed, part 1: The nutrition facts panel. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 108(3): 437-442.



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