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Chapter 9, and Chapter 10 discusses activities for the implementation of the recommended strategies and research needs. Chapter 11 contains the committee member biographical sketches.


Alderman, M. H. 2010. Reducing dietary sodium: The case for caution. Journal of the American Medical Association 303(5):448-449.

Berenson, G. S., S. R. Srinivasan, W. Bao, W. P. Newman III, R. E. Tracy, and W. A. Wattigney. 1998. Association between multiple cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerosis in children and young adults. New England Journal of Medicine 338(23):1650-1656.

Bibbins-Domingo, K., G. M. Chertow, P. G. Coxson, A. Moran, J. M. Lightwood, M. J. Pletcher, and L. Goldman. 2010. Projected effect of dietary salt reductions on future cardiovascular disease. New England Journal of Medicine 362(7):590-599.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2009. Application of lower sodium intake recommendations to adults—United States, 1999–2006. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 58(11):281-283.

Cohen, H. W., S. M. Hailpern, J. Fang, and M. H. Alderman. 2006. Sodium intake and mortality in the NHANES II follow-up study. The American Journal of Medicine 119(3): 275.e7-275.e214.

Cook, N. R., J. A. Cutler, E. Obarzanek, J. E. Buring, K. M. Rexrode, S. K. Kumanyika, L. J. Appel, and P. K. Whelton. 2007. Long term effects of dietary sodium reduction on cardiovascular disease outcomes: Observational follow-up of the trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP). British Medical Journal 334(7599):885-888.

Cutler, J. A., and E. J. Roccella. 2006. Salt reduction for preventing hypertension and cardiovascular disease: A population approach should include children. Hypertension 48(5): 818-819.

Cutler, J., E. Obarzanek, and E. Roccella. 2003. Dietary salt reduction. In Lifestyle modification for the prevention and treatment of hypertension, edited by P. K. Whelton, J. He, and G. T. Louis. New York: Marcel Dekker. Pp. 139-159.

Cutler, J. A., P. D. Sorlie, M. Wolz, T. Thom, L. E. Fields, and E. J. Roccella. 2008. Trends in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rates in United States adults between 1988–1994 and 1999–2004. Hypertension 52(5):818-827.

Danaei, G., E. L. Ding, D. Mozaffarian, B. Taylor, J. Rehm, C. J. L. Murray, and M. Ezzati. 2009. The preventable causes of death in the United States: Comparative risk assessment of dietary, lifestyle, and metabolic risk factors. PLoS Medicine 6(4).

DGAC (Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee). 2005. Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005. A Report to the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Agriculture. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Ellison, R. C., A. L. Capper, W. P. Stephenson, R. J. Goldberg, D. W. Hosmer Jr., K. F. Humphrey, J. K. Ockene, W. J. Gamble, J. C. Witschi, and F. J. Stare. 1989. Effects on blood pressure of a decrease in sodium use in institutional food preparation: The Exeter-Andover project. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 42(3):201-208.

He, F. J., and G. A. MacGregor. 2006. Importance of salt in determining blood pressure in children: Meta-analysis of controlled trials. Hypertension 48(5):861-869.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2005. Dietary Reference Intakes for water, potassium, sodium, chloride, and sulfate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Pp. 269-423.

IOM. 2010. A population-based policy and systems change approach to prevent and control hypertension. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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