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Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake in the United States
CHERYL A. M. ANDERSON, Ph.D., M.P.H., is assistant professor of epidemiology at The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland. Dr. Anderson’s research centers on diet and the prevention of chronic diseases in minority and underserved populations. Her current research projects address the effects of sodium and potassium intake on clinical and subclinical cardiovascular disease, diet and the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the context of chronic kidney disease, and the optimal macronutrient intake in CVD prevention. Dr. Anderson is a member of the American Heart Association Committee on Nutrition and Physical Activity. She is also a Dannon Institute Nutrition Leadership Institute (NLI) scholar and past president of the NLI Alumni Association. She has served on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Writing Group on Primary Prevention of Stroke. Dr. Anderson recently completed committee service on the IOM-NAS (National Academy of Sciences) Committee on Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel (2006–2008). Prior to her appointment at Johns Hopkins, Dr. Anderson was an instructor of epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics. She has a B.A. from Brown University, an M.P.H. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, an M.S. in epidemiology, and a Ph.D. in nutritional sciences from the University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine.
SONIA Y. ANGELL, M.D., M.P.H., is director of the Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Control Program at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. She is responsible for overseeing the development of citywide and targeted initiatives and policies designed to prevent cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among New York City residents and to eliminate related health disparities. One such activity includes the regulation of trans fat in city restaurants; a new focus for her agency includes the reduction of population sodium intake. Dr. Angell received her M.D. from the University of California at San Francisco and completed a primary care internal medicine residency at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. She is an Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University and Assistant Attending Physician at New York Presbyterian Hospital. Dr. Angell has a diploma in tropical medicine and hygiene from the London School and an M.P.H. from the University of Michigan. She is a former Robert Wood Johnson clinical scholar.
LAWRENCE J. APPEL, M.D., M.P.H., is professor of medicine in the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Con-