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Appendix F
Sodium Intake Tables

This appendix includes the following tables on sodium intake:

  • Table F-1: Mean 1-Day Sodium Intake by Dietary Source by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

  • Table F-2: Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from All Dietary Sources by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

  • Table F-3: Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

  • Table F-4: Mean Sodium Intake, Mean Energy Intake, and Mean Sodium Density Values for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

  • Table F-5: Usual Mean Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods by Age and Race or Ethnicity for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

  • Table F-6: Usual Sodium (mg/d) Intake Distributions from Foods by Income Level for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

  • Table F-7: Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods Among Adults with Hypertension

  • Table F-8: Top 20 Sources of Sodium Intake Within Food Categories for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

  • Table F-9: Top 10 Food Sources of Sodium Intake by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age

  • Table F-10: Top 10 Sources of Sodium Intake by Home Versus Away for Persons 2 or More Years of Age



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Appendix F Sodium Intake Tables This appendix includes the following tables on sodium intake: • Table F-1: Mean 1-Day Sodium Intake by Dietary Source by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age • Table F-2: Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from All Dietary Sources by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age • Table F-3: Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age • Table F-4: Mean Sodium Intake, Mean Energy Intake, and Mean Sodium Density Values for Persons 2 or More Years of Age • Table F-5: Usual Mean Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods by Age and Race or Ethnicity for Persons 2 or More Years of Age • Table F-6: Usual Sodium (mg/d) Intake Distributions from Foods by Income Level for Persons 2 or More Years of Age • Table F-7: Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods Among Adults with Hypertension • Table F-8: Top 20 Sources of Sodium Intake Within Food Catego- ries for Persons 2 or More Years of Age • Table F-9: Top 10 Food Sources of Sodium Intake by Age or Gen- der for Persons 2 or More Years of Age • Table F-10: Top 10 Sources of Sodium Intake by Home Versus Away for Persons 2 or More Years of Age 

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-1 Mean 1-Day Sodium Intake by Dietary Source by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age Mean Intake (mg/d) Table Fooda Saltb SE SE n All Ages 2+ Yrs 16,822 3,407 13.8 178 1.4 Children 2–3 yrs 921 2,201 31.4 28 1.9 4–8 yrs 1,680 2,795 29.6 49 1.7 Males 9–13 yrs 1,009 3,513 48.9 93 2.6 14–18 yrs 1,351 4,339 65.6 105 2.3 19–30 yrs 1,097 4,490 64.2 217 5.8 31–50 yrs 1,439 4,448 55.4 237 5.5 51–70 yrs 1,215 3,738 50.4 230 6.0 > 70 yrs 808 3,000 47.0 189 7.1 Femalesc 9–13 yrs 1,039 3,019 43.9 85 2.5 14–18 yrs 1,250 2,980 42.0 112 2.4 19–30 yrs 914 3,062 46.6 207 6.2 31–50 yrs 1,350 3,021 40.4 215 5.4 51–70 yrs 1,251 2,773 35.8 197 5.5 > 70 yrs 787 2,397 38.3 127 5.5 Pregnant and lactating femalesd 711 3,465 55.2 220 6.9 Pregnant females 623 3,541 62.2 201 7.1 Lactating females 99 3,236 121.8 270 19.4 NOTES: d = day; mg = milligram; n = unweighted sample size; SE = standard error. a Includes salt added in food preparation and cooking. b Salt added by the consumer at the table. c Excludes pregnant and lactating females (shown separately). d Includes 11 females who were pregnant and lactating. SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.

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 APPENDIX F Tap All Water SE Supplements SE Sources SE 27 0.3 2 0.2 3,614 14.1 9 0.4 1 0.1 2,239 31.4 12 0.4 1 0.1 2,857 29.8 17 0.7 0 0.1 3,624 48.9 27 1.0 4 0.7 4,474 65.9 32 1.3 2 2.2 4,741 65.1 32 1.1 1 0.2 4,719 56.0 28 1.0 2 0.3 3,999 51.1 25 1.0 3 0.5 3,217 48.5 16 0.6 1 0.1 3,121 44.1 20 0.8 1 0.2 3,113 42.1 29 1.2 1 0.2 3,298 47.8 31 1.1 1 0.2 3,268 41.3 32 1.0 3 0.3 3,005 36.5 26 1.0 4 1.0 2,554 39.1 24 1.4 1 0.2 3,710 55.4 22 1.4 1 0.2 3,765 63.1 28 4.3 0 0.1 3,534 119.0

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0 APPENDIX F TABLE F-2 Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from All Dietary Sources by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age Usual Intake Percentiles (mg/d) AI UL 5th 10th 25th n All ages 2+ yrs 16,822 2,007 2,283 2,799 Children 2–3 yrs 921 1,000 1,500 1,378 1,532 1,819 4–8 yrs 1,680 1,200 1,900 1,876 2,054 2,382 Males 9–13 yrs 1,009 1,500 2,200 2,572 2,770 3,122 14–18 yrs 1,351 1,500 2,300 2,543 2,883 3,509 19–30 yrs 1,097 1,500 2,300 2,960 3,293 3,903 31–50 yrs 1,439 1,500 2,300 2,895 3,235 3,850 51–70 yrs 1,215 1,300 2,300 2,373 2,668 3,214 > 70 yrs 808 1,200 2,300 1,963 2,191 2,612 Femalesa 9–13 yrs 1,039 1,500 2,200 2,001 2,212 2,591 14–18 yrs 1,250 1,500 2,300 1,960 2,172 2,561 19–30 yrs 914 1,500 2,300 1,994 2,245 2,691 31–50 yrs 1,350 1,500 2,300 1,978 2,217 2,647 51–70 yrs 1,251 1,300 2,300 1,860 2,072 2,454 > 70 yrs 787 1,200 2,300 1,623 1,801 2,118 Pregnant and lactating femalesb 711 1,500 2,300 2,344 2,612 3,088 Pregnant females 623 1,500 2,300 2,327 2,592 3,081 Lactating females 99 1,500 2,300 2,387 2,638 3,054 NOTES: AI = Adequate Intake; d = day; mg = milligram; n = unweighted sample size; includes sodium from foods, salt added at the table, tap water, and supplements; SE = standard error; UL = Tolerable Upper Intake Level. a Excludes pregnant and lactating females (shown separately). b Includes 11 females who were pregnant and lactating. SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.

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 APPENDIX F Excessive Usual Intake (mg/d) % > UL Median Mean SE 75th 90th 95th SE 3,471 3,615 8.9 4,270 5,126 5,713 92 0.5 2,182 2,239 19.4 2,597 3,017 3,292 91 2.1 2,797 2,857 16.3 3,267 3,739 4,045 94 1.6 3,556 3,622 22.4 4,052 4,558 4,892 99 0.9 4,310 4,479 37.6 5,259 6,282 6,992 97 1.1 4,652 4,744 36.0 5,475 6,301 6,849 99 0.5 4,609 4,720 32.7 5,467 6,344 6,927 99 0.5 3,900 3,998 31.5 4,676 5,454 5,957 96 1.3 3,141 3,217 29.9 3,740 4,342 4,732 87 2.7 3,061 3,127 23.6 3,592 4,124 4,471 90 2.7 3,051 3,117 22.1 3,598 4,142 4,499 86 2.7 3,231 3,298 28.8 3,831 4,435 4,832 89 2.6 3,181 3,274 24.5 3,795 4,441 4,884 88 2.3 2,934 3,006 22.1 3,480 4,032 4,396 82 2.3 2,505 2,554 22.2 2,936 3,370 3,654 64 2.7 3,657 3,710 33.4 4,275 4,876 5,258 96 1.9 3,693 3,764 38.4 4,369 5,029 5,450 95 2.0 3,507 3,497 66.4 3,949 4,338 4,567 96 5.8

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-3 Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age Usual Intake Percentiles (mg/d) AI UL 5th 10th 25th n All ages 2+ yrs 16,822 1,846 2,114 2,615 Children 2–3 yrs 921 1,000 1,500 1,344 1,498 1,783 4–8 yrs 1,680 1,200 1,900 1,830 2,004 2,327 Males 9–13 yrs 1,009 1,500 2,200 2,474 2,669 3,016 14–18 yrs 1,351 1,500 2,300 2,417 2,755 3,377 19–30 yrs 1,097 1,500 2,300 2,737 3,066 3,659 31–50 yrs 1,439 1,500 2,300 2,648 2,981 3,585 51–70 yrs 1,215 1,300 2,300 2,161 2,446 2,974 > 70 yrs 808 1,200 2,300 1,784 2,004 2,413 Femalesa 9–13 yrs 1,039 1,500 2,200 1,907 2,117 2,492 14–18 yrs 1,250 1,500 2,300 1,840 2,047 2,431 19–30 yrs 914 1,500 2,300 1,841 2,076 2,496 31–50 yrs 1,350 1,500 2,300 1,774 2,003 2,417 51–70 yrs 1,251 1,300 2,300 1,659 1,864 2,236 > 70 yrs 787 1,200 2,300 1,491 1,663 1,971 Pregnant and lactating femalesb 711 1,500 2,300 2,112 2,378 2,841 Pregnant females 623 1,500 2,300 2,131 2,392 2,865 Lactating females 99 1,500 2,300 2,147 2,383 2,785 NOTES: AI = Adequate Intake; d = day; mg = milligram; n = unweighted sample size; food sources include salt added in cooking and food preparation; SE = standard error; UL = Toler- able Upper Intake Level. a Excludes pregnant and lactating females (shown separately). b Includes 11 females who were pregnant and lactating. SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.

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 APPENDIX F Excessive Usual Intake (mg/d) % > UL Median Mean SE 75th 90th 95th SE 3,268 3,409 8.7 4,044 4,879 5,454 88 0.6 2,144 2,201 19.3 2,557 2,977 3,251 90 2.2 2,736 2,796 16.0 3,199 3,664 3,966 93 1.8 3,446 3,511 22.2 3,936 4,438 4,769 99 1.2 4,175 4,344 37.5 5,120 6,141 6,851 96 1.3 4,388 4,494 35.9 5,212 6,053 6,611 98 0.9 4,335 4,451 32.4 5,189 6,066 6,649 98 0.9 3,640 3,738 30.7 4,396 5,157 5,650 93 1.7 2,927 3,001 29.0 3,509 4,094 4,474 80 2.9 2,960 3,026 23.5 3,489 4,019 4,365 87 2.9 2,916 2,984 22.0 3,460 4,004 4,360 81 2.8 3,006 3,069 27.1 3,571 4,137 4,510 83 3.0 2,932 3,027 23.8 3,530 4,164 4,600 80 2.5 2,704 2,775 21.6 3236 4,164 4,134 72 2.2 2,347 2,398 21.7 2,769 3,197 3,478 53 2.5 3,398 3,466 33.5 4,028 4,650 5,039 92 2.5 3,457 3,540 38.0 4,134 4,806 5,230 92 2.6 3,231 3,230 65.9 3,674 4,072 4,309 92 8.4

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 TABLE F-4 Mean Sodium Intake, Mean Energy Intake, and Mean Sodium Density Values for Persons 2 or More Years of Age Mean Intake (mg/d) Sodium Energy Sodiuma Density n (mg) SE (kcal) SE (mg/1,000 kcal) All ages 2+ yrs 16,822 3,407 13.8 2,176 7.8 1,566 Children 2–3 yrs 921 2,201 31.4 1,525 17.9 1,443 4–8 yrs 1,680 2,795 29.6 1,879 15.5 1,488 Males 9–13 yrs 1,009 3,513 48.9 2,267 26.7 1,550 14–18 yrs 1,351 4,339 65.6 2,812 36.5 1,543 19–30 yrs 1,097 4,490 64.2 2,907 36.8 1,545 31–50 yrs 1,439 4,448 55.4 2,860 29.9 1,555 51–70 yrs 1,215 3,738 50.4 2,321 25.3 1,610 808 3,000 47.0 1,909 24.0 1,571 > 70 yrs

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Femalesb 9–13 yrs 1,039 3,019 43.9 1,943 23.5 1,553 14–18 yrs 1,250 2,980 42.0 1,970 23.1 1,513 19–30 yrs 914 3,062 46.6 1,964 28.3 1,559 31–50 yrs 1,350 3,021 40.4 1,898 21.5 1,592 51–70 yrs 1,251 2,773 35.8 1,681 18.0 1,649 787 2,397 38.3 1,506 20.1 1,591 > 70 yrs Pregnant and lactating femalesc 711 3,465 55.2 2,256 30.5 1,536 Pregnant females 623 3,541 62.2 2,321 34.1 1,526 Lactating females 99 3,236 121.8 2,078 67.8 1,557 NOTES: d = day; mg = milligram; kcal = calorie; n = unweighted sample size; SE = standard error. a Includes salt added in food preparation and cooking. b Excludes pregnant and lactating females (shown separately). c Includes 11 females who were pregnant and lactating. SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006. 

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-5 Usual Mean Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods by Age and Race or Ethnicity for Persons 2 or More Years of Age Usual Intake Percentiles (mg/d) AI UL 5th 10th 25th n All 2–3 yrs 921 1,000 1,500 1,344 1,498 1,783 4–8 yrs 1,680 1,200 1,900 1,830 2,004 2,327 9–13 yrs 2,048 1,500 2,200 2,151 2,364 2,745 14–18 yrs 2,683 1,500 2,300 2,006 2,294 2,832 19–30 yrs 2,466 1,500 2,300 2,109 2,416 2,984 31–50 yrs 2,963 1,500 2,300 1,991 2,291 2,852 51–70 yrs 2,466 1,300 2,300 1,790 2,045 2,518 > 70 yrs 1,595 1,200 2,300 1,550 1,751 2,116 19+ yrs (all adults) 9,490 2,300 1,851 2,132 2,659 All ages 2+ yrs 16,822 1,846 2,114 2,615 Non-Hispanic White 2–3 yrs 263 1,000 1,500 1,325 1,479 1,766 4–8 yrs 478 1,200 1,900 1,832 2,007 2,331 9–13 yrs 520 1,500 2,200 2,162 2,378 2,762 14–18 yrs 737 1,500 2,300 1,997 2,298 2,862 19–30 yrs 997 1,500 2,300 2,300 2,598 3,140 31–50 yrs 1,398 1,500 2,300 2,042 2,354 2,931 51–70 yrs 1,265 1,300 2,300 1,886 2,137 2,608 > 70 yrs 1,151 1,200 2,300 1,599 1,796 2,156 19+ yrs (all adults) 4,811 2,300 1,911 2,189 2,714 All ages 2+ yrs 6,809 1,879 2,148 2,655 Non-Hispanic African American 2–3 yrs 243 1,000 1,500 1,492 1,661 1,971 4–8 yrs 513 1,200 1,900 1,959 2,138 2,454 9–13 yrs 690 1,500 2,200 2,119 2,344 2,745 14–18 yrs 944 1,500 2,300 1,869 2,140 2,658 19–30 yrs 609 1,500 2,300 1,960 2,241 2,759 31–50 yrs 692 1,500 2,300 1,841 2,137 2,679 51–70 yrs 555 1,300 2,300 1,542 1,774 2,205 > 70 yrs 206 1,200 2,300 1,459 1,625 1,929 19+ yrs (all adults) 2,062 2,300 1,692 1,964 2,472 All ages 2+ yrs 4,452 1,765 2,021 2,496 Mexican American 2–3 yrs 303 1,000 1,500 1,202 1,350 1,624 4–8 yrs 524 1,200 1,900 1,725 1,892 2,203 9–13 yrs 670 1,500 2,200 2,052 2,276 2,684 14–18 yrs 819 1,500 2,300 2,021 2,284 2,766 19–30 yrs 664 1,500 2,300 1,769 2,098 2,709 31–50 yrs 612 1,500 2,300 2,074 2,350 2,857 51–70 yrs 489 1,300 2,300 1,341 1,586 2,049 > 70 yrs 185 1,200 2,300 1,155 1,336 1,690 ≥ 19 yrs 1,950 2,300 1,704 1,999 2,555 All ages 2+ yrs 4,266 1,716 1,981 2,482

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 APPENDIX F Excessive Usual Intake (mg/d) % > UL Median Mean SE 75th 90th 95th SE 2,144 2,201 19.3 2,557 2,977 3,251 90 2.2 2,736 2,796 16.0 3,199 3,664 3,966 93 1.8 3,212 3,280 16.9 3,739 4,282 4,644 94 1.7 3,531 3,693 23.6 4,371 5,288 5,929 90 1.4 3,699 3,816 23.7 4,514 5,360 5,931 92 1.3 3,582 3,734 22.9 4,446 5,366 5,995 90 1.2 3,122 3,234 20.4 3,825 4,563 5,062 83 1.5 2,574 2,651 19.0 3,100 3,648 4,016 65 1.8 3,346 3,493 12.1 4,163 5,037 5,635 86 0.7 3,268 3,409 8.7 4,044 4,879 5,454 88 0.6 2,132 2,193 36.9 2,554 2,987 3,271 89 3.8 2,743 2,811 30.8 3,217 3,702 4,021 93 3.0 3,234 3,307 34.3 3,770 4,326 4,702 94 2.8 3,605 3,806 49.8 4,522 5,557 6,301 90 2.4 3,822 3,943 36.2 4,610 5,438 6,000 95 1.7 3,675 3,830 34.0 4,559 5,504 6,148 91 1.7 3,213 3,316 27.8 3,912 4,627 5,096 86 2.1 2,612 2,692 22.4 3,138 3,688 4,058 67 2.2 3,401 3,549 16.9 4,221 5,097 5,694 87 1.0 3,324 3,478 14.1 4,130 5,002 5,603 88 0.8 2,355 2,404 39.1 2,784 3,209 3,482 95 3.9 2,834 2,874 26.6 3,250 3,661 3,926 96 3.1 3,228 3,282 29.2 3,759 4,287 4,628 93 3.7 3,341 3,479 37.2 4,149 4,996 5,562 86 2.8 3,423 3,550 45.1 4,204 5,023 5,570 89 3.7 3,365 3,499 44.4 4,168 5,024 5,612 86 3.0 2,757 2,862 39.4 3,402 4,082 4,542 71 3.3 2,310 2,362 42.4 2,738 3,166 3,443 51 5.1 3,131 3,271 24.9 3,915 4,756 5,331 81 1.8 3,107 3,231 15.6 3,829 4,595 5,116 85 1.3 1,969 2,018 31.7 2,359 2,749 3,003 83 4.4 2,607 2,672 28.5 3,073 3,542 3,844 90 3.3 3,175 3,230 30.2 3,708 4,248 4,608 92 3.2 3,377 3,486 35.6 4,084 4,823 5,320 90 3.0 3,478 3,581 47.4 4,338 5,191 5,744 86 2.6 3,503 3,620 43.5 4,256 5,040 5,564 91 2.8 2,662 2,831 50.6 3,420 4,280 4,899 65 3.0 2,152 2,236 55.9 2,683 3,234 3,607 42 4.4 3,291 3,425 27.4 4,149 5,018 5,597 83 1.6 3,135 3,264 16.8 3,903 4,708 5,249 86 1.2 continued

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-7 Usual Sodium Intake Distributions from Foods Among Adults with Hypertension Usual Intake Percentiles (mg/d) AI UL 5th 10th 25th n adultsa All 19–30 yrs 78 1,500 2,300 3,641 3,869 4,272 31–50 yrs 569 1,500 2,300 2,015 2,303 2,849 51–70 yrs 1,386 1,300 2,300 1,790 2,034 2,486 > 70 yrs 1,127 1,200 2,300 1,479 1,679 2,049 All adults 19+ yrs 3,160 2,300 1,711 1,963 2,437 Males 19–30 yrs 66 1,500 2,300 4,801 4,833 4,886 31–50 yrs 314 1,500 2,300 2,472 2,800 3,420 51–70 yrs 661 1,300 2,300 2,112 2,375 2,858 > 70 yrs 520 1,200 2,300 1,711 1,935 2,345 All males 19+ yrs 1,561 2,300 2,057 2,347 2,890 Femalesa 19–30 yrs 11 1,500 2,300 3,059~ 3,222~ 3,498~ 31–50 yrs 254 1,500 2,300 1,909 2,099 2,439 51–70 yrs 725 1,300 2,300 1,662 1,870 2,248 > 70 yrs 607 1,200 2,300 1,424 1,602 1,930 All females 19+ yrs 1,597 2,300 1,587 1,791 2,165 NOTES: AI = Adequate Intake; d = day; mg = milligram; n = unweighted sample size; hyper- tension is defined as a measurement of systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mm Hg or current treatment with a prescription medication; SE = standard error; UL = Tolerable Upper Intake Level. a Excludes pregnant and lactating females. ~ Unreliable due to small sample size. SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.

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 APPENDIX F Excessive Usual Intake (mg/d) % > UL Median Mean SE 75th 90th 95th SE 4,757 4,808 86.8 5,289 5,812 6,148 100 3,581 3,734 51.4 4,459 5,375 5,980 90 3.0 3,064 3,179 26.4 3,746 4,469 4,961 82 2.1 2,519 2,589 22.5 3,053 3,591 3,941 62 2.0 3,064 3,215 19.5 3,827 4,661 5,237 80 1.3 4,947 4,947 11.1 5,007 5,063 5,096 100 4,225 4,373 75.0 5,165 6,137 6,781 97 2.1 3,465 3,566 39.0 4,163 4,886 5,368 92 2.7 2,853 2,915 35.1 3,418 3,975 4,331 77 3.5 3,593 3,739 30.3 4,425 5,313 5,922 91 1.6 3,818~ 3,845~ 153.3 4,162~ 4,501~ 4,721~ 100~ 2,860 2,917 42.4 3,337 3,813 4,118 82 8.4 2,744 2,838 30.8 3,328 3,928 4,329 73 2.8 2,340 2,395 26.5 2,800 3,259 3,554 52 2.6 2,642 2,731 20.0 3,199 3,783 4,177 68 1.9

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-8 Top 20 Sources of Sodium Intake Within Food Categories for Persons 2 or More Years of Age Percentage of Sodium Contributed Within Food Category Food Item the Food Category Mixed dishes = 44% of Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 35.3 total daily sodium Pizza with meat 12.2 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 8.5 Mexican entrées 6.9 Pasta dishes, Italian style 6.5 Meat mixtures with red meat 3.7 Rice dishes 3.4 Macaroni and cheese 3.2 Pizza (no meat) 3.1 Meat mixtures with chicken or turkey 3.0 Grain soups 3.0 Vegetable mixtures (incl. soup) 2.9 Other grain mixtures 2.8 Meat soup 2.2 Chili con carne 1.7 Bean soup 0.8 Meat mixtures with fish 0.7 Tomato sauce and meat (no pasta) 0.2 Meat and meat Chicken 25.0 alternates = 15.5% of Cheese 15.3 total daily sodium Eggs 12.1 Bacon or sausage 10.6 Beef 7.7 Fish 6.4 Cold cuts 5.0 Pork 4.4 Hot dogs 3.3 Ham 3.3 Shellfish 3.2 Ground beef 2.2 Turkey 0.8 Lamb and misc. meats 0.8 Organ meats 0.2

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-8 Continued Percentage of Sodium Contributed Within Food Category Food Item the Food Category Grains = 11.4% of total Bread 21.5 daily sodium Cold cereal 18.5 Rice 10.9 Pancakes, waffles, French toast 9.6 Crackers 9.0 Flour tortillas 6.3 Biscuits, scones, croissants 5.8 Hot cereal 4.2 Bagels 4.2 Cornbread 3.2 Rolls 3.1 Pasta 1.4 Breakfast or granola bar 0.9 English muffin 0.6 Taco shells 0.5 Corn tortillas 0.4 Vegetables = 9.3% of Salad (greens) 30.0 total daily sodium Cooked potatoes—not fried 16.7 Cooked potatoes—fried 15.2 Cooked tomatoes 9.2 Cooked green beans 4.3 Other cooked (low nutrients) 4.1 Cooked corn 3.5 Cooked mixed 2.8 Vegetable juice 2.5 Cooked broccoli 2.1 Raw cabbage or coleslaw 2.1 Other cooked (high nutrients) 1.5 Other cooked dark green 1.4 Other cooked deep yellow 1.0 Cooked carrots 1.0 Other fried 0.9 Cooked peas 0.9 Raw carrots 0.4 Other raw (low nutrients) 0.3 Other raw (high nutrients) 0.1 continued

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-8 Continued Percentage of Sodium Contributed Within Food Category Food Item the Food Category Sweets = 5.0% of total Cookies 22.0 of total daily sodium Cake or cupcakes 21.6 Ice cream 10.5 Pies or cobblers 9.3 Doughnuts 7.8 Candy 7.3 Pastries 7.0 Muffins 6.6 Sweet rolls 3.8 Pudding 3.3 Jello 0.6 Ices or popsicles 0.3 Condiments, oils, fats Catsup, mustard, relish, soy sauce 39.9 = 4.3% of total daily Gravy 12.3 sodium Salad dressing 11.7 Garnishes such as pickles or olives 10.6 Margarine 7.4 Butter 5.6 Cream or sour cream 5.2 Syrups or sweet toppings 2.7 Cream cheese 2.0 Other added fats or oil 1.3 Mayonnaise 0.8 Jelly 0.3 Sugar 0.3 Seasonings 0.1 Other added oils 0.0 Salty snacks = 3.4% of Corn-based salty snacks 32.1 total daily sodium Popcorn 25.9 Potato chips 23.0 Pretzels or party mix 19.1 Milk = 2.9% of total Unflavored 2% milk 28.8 daily sodium Unflavored whole milk 19.2 Unflavored skim milk 12.9 Unflavored 1% milk 9.9 Yogurt 5.8 Flavored whole milk 5.4 Flavored 2% milk 4.5 Dry or evaporated milk 4.4 Flavored milk—% not further specified 2.8 Soymilk 2.1 Flavored 1% milk 1.5 Flavored skim milk 1.4 Unflavored milk—% not further specified 1.3

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-8 Continued Percentage of Sodium Contributed Within Food Category Food Item the Food Category Beverages = 2.2% of Non-carbonated sweetened drink 28.0 total daily sodium Regular soda 25.2 Sugar-free soda 12.8 Coffee 11.7 Beer 7.3 Tea 6.7 Liquor 6.6 Wine 1.0 Low-calorie or sugar-free drink 0.8 Beans, nuts, and seeds Baked or refried beans 37.6 = 2.1% of total daily Nuts 18.7 sodium Beans 16.8 Protein or meal enhancement 12.4 Peanut or almond butter 6.9 Soy products 5.9 Seeds 1.8 Fruit = 0.1% of total Citrus juice 25.8 daily sodium Non-citrus juice 24.5 Avocado or guacamole 13.8 Fresh melon 12.4 Other fresh fruit 4.5 Other canned or frozen 3.2 Fresh banana 3.0 Fresh apple 2.6 Fresh grapes 2.2 Canned or frozen peaches 1.9 Dried fruit 1.5 Applesauce, canned or frozen apples 1.3 Fresh watermelon 1.2 Fresh berries 0.9 Fresh pear 0.6 Fresh other citrus 0.3 Canned or frozen pineapple 0.2 Lemon or lime—any form 0.0 SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-9 Top 10 Food Sources of Sodium Intake by Age or Gender for Persons 2 or More Years of Age Percentage of Age or Gender Group Food Source Sodium Contributed Ages 2–3 yrs (males and Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 11.6 females) Pasta dishes, Italian style 5.9 Cheese 4.3 Cold cereal 4.2 Chicken 4.0 Hot dogs 3.6 Macaroni and cheese 3.2 Pizza with meat 3.0 Unflavored whole milk 2.9 Unflavored 2% milk 2.5 Sum . Ages 4–8 yrs (males and Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 11.7 females) Chicken 5.9 Pizza with meat 5.7 Cold cereal 4.7 Pasta dishes, Italian style 3.9 Macaroni and cheese 3.5 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 3.2 Cheese 3.1 Pizza (no meat) 2.5 Pancakes, waffles, French toast 2.2 Sum . Males 9–13 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 16.3 Pizza with meat 7.3 Hamburgers/cheeseburgers 4.8 Mexican entrées 4.5 Chicken 4.1 Pasta dishes, Italian style 3.9 Cold cereal 3.2 Cheese 2.5 Pizza (no meat) 2.3 Grain soups 2.1 Sum . Females 9–13 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 15.2 Pizza with meat 5.9 Chicken 4.7 Pasta dishes, Italian style 4.5 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 3.2 Mexican entrées 3.1 Cold cereal 2.7 Cheese 2.5 Macaroni and cheese 2.3 Grain soups 2.2 Sum .

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-9 Continued Percentage of Age or Gender Group Food Source Sodium Contributed Males 14–18 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 18.0 Pizza with meat 10.9 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 7.0 Chicken 4.9 Mexican entrées 2.9 Cold cereal 2.7 Pizza (no meat) 2.5 Pasta dishes, Italian style 2.5 Catsup, mustard, relish, etc. 2.4 Cooked potatoesfried 1.9 Sum . Females 14–18 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 17.7 Pizza with meat 8.0 Chicken 4.5 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 4.4 Mexican entrées 4.0 Salad (greens) 3.4 Cold cereal 2.7 Pasta dishes, Italian style 2.6 Cheese 2.5 Macaroni and cheese 2.3 Sum . Males 19–30 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 17.3 Pizza with meat 8.7 Mexican entrées 5.7 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 4.9 Chicken 3.7 Pasta dishes, Italian style 2.9 Catsup, mustard, relish, etc. 2.3 Salad (greens) 2.1 Cheese 2.0 Rice dishes 1.9 Sum . Females 19–30 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 14.6 Pizza with meat 4.7 Mexican entrées 4.6 Chicken 4.5 Salad (greens) 3.9 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 3.8 Pasta dishes, Italian style 3.1 Cheese 2.9 Bread 2.5 Rice dishes 2.2 Sum . continued

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0 APPENDIX F TABLE F-9 Continued Percentage of Age or Gender Group Food Source Sodium Contributed Males 31–50 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 16.1 Pizza with meat 6.1 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 4.2 Chicken 3.7 Mexican entrées 3.5 Salad (greens) 2.7 Pasta dishes, Italian style 2.7 Bread 2.3 Eggs 2.1 Bacon or sausage 2.0 Sum . Females 31–50 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 14.7 Salad (greens) 4.3 Chicken 4.2 Pizza with meat 4.0 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 3.2 Mexican entrées 3.2 Pasta dishes, Italian style 2.3 Cheese 2.1 Bread 2.0 Vegetable mixtures (incl. soup) 2.0 Sum . Males 51–70 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 17.8 Pizza with meat 3.6 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 3.2 Bread 3.0 Chicken 3.0 Salad (greens) 2.9 Bacon/sausage 2.5 Eggs 2.4 Pasta dishes, Italian style 2.4 Cooked potatoes—not fried 2.3 Sum .0 Females 51–70 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 11.9 Salad (greens) 4.5 Bread 3.6 Pasta dishes, Italian style 3.4 Cheese 3.3 Chicken 3.1 Eggs 2.6 Pizza with meat 2.5 Vegetable mixtures (incl. soup) 2.4 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 2.4 Sum .

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-9 Continued Percentage of Age or Gender Group Food Source Sodium Contributed Males > 70 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 17.5 Bread 4.2 Vegetable mixtures (incl. soup) 3.3 Cold cereal 3.2 Cooked potatoes—not fried 2.9 Eggs 2.8 Chicken 2.6 Pasta dishes, Italian style 2.4 Bacon or sausage 2.3 Salad (greens) 2.3 Sum . Females > 70 yrs Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 15.4 Bread 4.3 Salad (greens) 3.5 Cooked potatoes—not fried 3.3 Vegetable mixtures (incl. soup) 3.1 Cold cereal 2.9 Meat mixtures with red meat 2.7 Meat soup 2.4 Chicken 2.3 Cheese 2.1 Sum . Pregnant and lactating females Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 12.6 Pizza with meat 5.1 Salad (greens) 3.7 Cheese 3.7 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 3.6 Chicken 3.6 Mexican entrées 3.2 Macaroni and cheese 2.9 Cold cereal 2.8 Eggs 2.6 Sum . SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.

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 APPENDIX F TABLE F-10 Top 10 Sources of Sodium Intake by Home Versus Away for Persons 2 or More Years of Age Percentage of Location Food Item Sodium Contributed Store (home) Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 16.0 Pasta dishes, Italian style 3.8 Cold cereal 3.3 Bread 3.0 Cheese 3.0 Chicken 2.4 Pizza with meat 2.3 Salad (greens) 2.3 Bacon or sausage 2.1 Eggs 2.0 Sum 0. Restaurant, cafeteria, Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 15.3 dining facility Pizza with meat 12.0 Hamburgers, cheeseburgers 8.7 Chicken 6.9 Mexican entrées 6.7 Salad (greens) 3.9 Cooked potatoes—fried 3.2 Pizza (no meat) 3.1 Catsup, mustard, relish, etc. 2.9 Rice dishes 2.3 Sum .0 Other Sandwiches (excl. burgers) 12.4 Cake or cupcakes 4.3 Chicken 2.8 Fish 2.7 Cooked potatoes—not fried 2.7 Hamburgers/cheeseburgers 2.7 Pasta dishes, Italian style 2.7 Mexican entrées 2.6 Other grain mixtures 2.5 Cheese 2.5 Sum . SOURCE: NHANES 2003–2006.