committee also characterized the current regulatory framework. Further, the committee reviewed the possibility of leveraging activities through food specifications set by large government food purchasers, explored economic incentives such as a salt tax, and noted sodium reduction activities in other countries. It also considered the potential of innovative technologies for salt substitutes and enhancers as well as culinary advances.
Finally, the committee integrated the information into a series of discussions that led to conclusions about the strategies to be recommended, implementation tasks, and information gaps.
This study was conducted against the backdrop of the unavoidable conclusion that existing strategies have not succeeded in achieving meaningful reduction of sodium intake. Efforts targeted at reducing sodium intake were initiated during the 1969 White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health and have involved a range of organizations and a variety of activities. Overall, estimates of sodium intake have not decreased. In fact, as shown in Figure S-2, estimates reveal an upward trend from the early 1970s. Although some of the differences in intake estimates over time may