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BOX 4-1

Common Sodium-Containing Compounds and Their Functions in Food

Emulsifying Agents:

Sodium pyrophosphate

Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate

Disodium hydrogen phosphate

Sodium alginate

Sodium caseinate

Sodium phosphate

Trisodium citrate

Trisodium phosphate

Sodium stearoyl lactylate

Buffering Agents:

Aluminum sodium sulfate

Disodium hydrogen phosphate

Sodium adipate

Sodium dihydrogen citrate

Sodium dihydrogen phosphate

Sodium DL-malate

Sodium hydrogen carbonate

Sodium phosphate

Trisodium citrate

Trisodium phosphate

Anticaking Agents:

Sodium aluminosilicate

Sodium ferrocyanide

Flavor-Enhancing Agents:

Monosodium glutamate

Disodium 5′-guanylate

Disodium 5′-inosinate

Disodium 5′-ribonucleotides

Leavening Agents:

Sodium bicarbonate

Disodium pyrophosphate

Sodium acid pyrophosphate

Sodium aluminum phosphate

Sodium hydrogen carbonate

Dough-Conditioning Agents:

Sodium stearoyl lactylate

Sodium stearyl fumarate

Stabilizing Agents:

Disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)

Disodium pyrophosphate

Potassium sodium L-tartrate

Sodium alginate

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose

Sodium caseinate

Trisodium citrate

Sodium stearoyl lactylate

Neutralizing Agents:

Trisodium phosphate

Sodium sesquicarbonate

Sodium phosphate

Sodium DL-malate

Sodium dihydrogen phosphate

Sodium dihydrogen citrate

Sodium citrate

Sodium adipate

Aluminum sodium sulfate

Sodium potassium tartrate

Sodium acetate

Thickening Agents:

Sodium alginate

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose

Moisture-Retaining Agents:

Sodium hydrogen DL-malate

Sodium lactate

Sodium lauryl sulfate

Texture-Modifying Agents:

Sorbitol sodium

Sodium tripolyphosphate

Pentasodium triphosphate

Disodium hydrogen phosphate

Bleaching Agent:

Sodium metabisulfite

SOURCE: Lewis, 1989.



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