C
Accronyms and Abbreviations

A.D. Anno Domini (medieval latin–“in the year of the Lord”)

ALOS Advanced Land Observing Satellite

ASTER Advance Spacebourne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

C3 A plant that produces the 3-carbon compound phosphoglyceric acid as the first stage of photosynthesis

C4 A plant that produces the 4-carbon compound oxalocethanoic (oxaloacetic) acid as the first stage of photosynthesis

CO2 carbon dioxide

DNA deoxyribonucleic acid dpi dots per inch

DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Program

GCM Global Climate Model

GEON Geosciences Network

GPS Global Positioning System

HOP Human Origins Program

ICDP International Continental Scientific Drilling Program

IKONOS Commercial earth observation satellite designed by Lockhead

Martin Corporation and launched in 1999

IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program

ITCZ Intertropical Convergence Zone

JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

ka thousands of years before present



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OCR for page 114
C Accronyms and Abbreviations A.D. Anno Domini (medieval latin–“in the year of the Lord”) ALOS Advanced Land Observing Satellite ASTER Advance Spacebourne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer C3 A plant that produces the 3-carbon compound phosphogly- ceric acid as the first stage of photosynthesis C4 A plant that produces the 4-carbon compound oxalocethanoic (oxaloacetic) acid as the first stage of photosynthesis CO2 carbon dioxide DNA deoxyribonucleic acid dpi dots per inch DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Program GCM Global Climate Model GEON Geosciences Network GPS Global Positioning System HOP Human Origins Program ICDP International Continental Scientific Drilling Program IKONOS Commercial earth observation satellite designed by Lockhead Martin Corporation and launched in 1999 IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program ITCZ Intertropical Convergence Zone JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency ka thousands of years before present 114

OCR for page 114
115 APPENdiX C ky thousand years Landsat The Landsat Program is a series of Earth-observing satellite missions jointly managed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the U.S. Geological Survey. Since 1972, Landsat satellites have collected information about Earth from space. LDCM LandSat Data Community Mission LGM Last Glacial Maximum Ma million of years ago MBT methylation index of branched tetraethers MicroCT Microscopic Computed Tomography MIS Marine Isotope Stage MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NOW Neogene Mammals of the Old World ODP Ocean Drilling Program OIS Oxygen Isotope Stage PAGES Past Global Changes ppm parts per million QUICKBIRD a high-resolution commercial Earth observation satellite, owned by DigitalGlobe and launched in 2001 RHOI Revealing Hominid Origins Initiative SST sea surface temperature SRTM Shuttle Radar Topogrpahy Mission TEX86 tetraether index of 86 carbon atoms; paleothermometer based on the composition of membrane lipids of marine picoplank- ton UAVUnmanned Aerial Vehicle YD Younger Dryas