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Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles D Abbreviations and Acronyms 21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership ABS antilock brake system ACC adaptive cruise control ACEA European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association AMPT alternative maritime power AMT automated manual transmission ANL Argonne National Laboratory APU auxiliary power unit AT automatic transmission ATI automatic tire inflation BAC battery air conditioning BES (Office of) Basic Energy Sciences (DOE) BOP balance of plant BSFC brake-specific fuel consumption Btu British thermal unit C&S codes and standards CAFE corporate average fuel economy CAR Cooperative Automotive Research CARB California Air Resources Board CCP coordinated cam phasers CCPPR capital cost per percent reduction CCS carbon capture and sequestration Cd drag coefficient CDL commercial driver’s license CFD computational fluid dynamics CFRP carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer CIL component-in-the-loop CLEERS crosscut lean exhaust emission reduction simulation CMEM Comprehensive Modal Emissions Model CNG compressed natural gas CO2 carbon dioxide CO carbon monoxide COE center of excellence CPM cost per mile CRC Coordinating Research Council Crr coefficient of rolling resistance CVISN Commercial Vehicle Information System and Networks Program CVO commercial vehicle operations CVT continuously variable transmission DCP dual cam phasers DCT dual clutch transmission DDC Detroit Diesel Corporation Deac cylinder deactivation DF durability/deterioration factor DOC U.S. Department of Commerce DOC diesel oxidation catalyst DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOT U.S. Department of Transportation DPF diesel particulate filter DSRC Dedicated Short Range Communications DTI Directed Technologies, Inc. DTT delivery technical team DVVL discrete variable valve lift E85 85 percent ethanol EC European Commission EERE (Office of) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EEA Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. EGR exhaust gas recirculation EIA Energy Information Administration EISA Energy Independence and Security Act EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ePTO electric power takeoff ePS electric power steering EPS electrified parking space ePump electric engine oil and coolant pump ETC electronic toll collection EUCAR European Council for Automotive R&D EU European Union EV battery electric vehicle
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Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles FACE fuels for advanced combustion engines FC fuel consumption FCC Federal Communications Commission FCHEV fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle FE fuel economy FFV flexible fuel vehicle FMVSS Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard FOH fuel-operated heater FPITT fuel pathway integration technical team FTP federal test procedure GATE Graduate Automotive Technology Education GDI gasoline direct injection GDL gas diffusion layer GFRP glass-fiber-reinforced plastic gge gallons gasoline equivalent GHG greenhouse gas GPS Global Positioning System GREET Greenhouse Gas, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (model) GS generator set GVW gross vehicle weight GVWR gross vehicle weight rating GW gigawatt (1 billion watts) H or H2 hydrogen H2A Hydrogen Technology Analysis (model) HAMMER Hazardous Materials Management and Emergency Response (facility) HC hydrocarbon HCCI homogeneous charge compression ignition heAlt high-efficiency alternator HEV hybrid electric vehicle HFCIT Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (program) HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle HFET highway fuel economy test HFI Hydrogen Fuels Initiative HHDDT Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck schedule HHV hydraulic hybrid vehicle HIL hardware-in-the-loop HILS hardware-in-the-loop simulation HLA hydraulic launch assist HOT high-occupancy toll (lane) HOV high-occupancy vehicle (lanes) HSS high-strength steel HV hybrid vehicle HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning HyTrans Hydrogen Transition (model) ICC International Codes Council ICE internal combustion engine IEA International Energy Agency IGBT insulated gate bipolar transistor IGCC integrated gasification combined cycle ITS intelligent transportation system IVT Intelligent Vehicle Technologies kg kilogram kW kilowatt kWe kilowatt (electric) kWh kilowatt-hour Li-ion lithium ion LCV longer combination vehicle LCFS low-carbon fuel standard LNC lean NOx catalyst LNG liquefied natural gas LPG liquefied petroleum gas LSFC load-specific fuel consumption LTC low-temperature combustion M85 85 percent methanol MARKAL Market Analysis (model) MATT modular automotive technology testbed MBD Model-Based Design MEA membrane electrode assembly Meeh mechanical driven accessories MHDVs medium- and heavy-duty vehicles MOU memorandum of understanding MPa megapascal mpg miles per gallon MSM MacroSystem Model MT manual transmission MWe megawatt (electric) NAE National Academy of Engineering NAS National Academy of Sciences NE Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE) NEMS National Energy Modeling System NFPA National Fire Protection Association NGNP Next-Generation Nuclear Powerplant NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NiMH nickel metal hydride NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NOx nitrogen oxides NORPASS North American Preclearance and Safety System NPC National Petroleum Council NPV net present value NRC National Research Council NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory O&M operation and maintenance OBD onboard diagnostic (system) OCTA Orange County Transit Authority OEM original equipment manufacturer O&M operations and maintenance
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Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PBA (Office of) Planning, Budget, and Analysis (DOE) PCCI premix charge compression ignition PCE passenger car equivalent PDP product development process PEIS programmatic environmental impact statement PEM proton exchange membrane PeMS (California) performance measurement system PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PM particulate matter PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PRD pressure relief device PSAT Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit PSR power split ratio PTO power takeoff PV photovoltaic RCP rapid control prototyping RDR rear drive ratio RFP request for proposal RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration (DOT) RMC ramp modal cycle ROI return on investment RPE retail price equivalent rpm revolutions per minute RSPA Research and Special Projects Administration (DOT) SA selective availability (of GPS signal) SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SBIR Small Business Innovation Research SCI special crash investigation SCR selective catalytic reduction SER strategic environmental review SiC silicon carbide SIL software-in-the-loop SMR steam methane reforming SNL Sandia National Laboratories SRI Stanford Research Institute STTR small business technology transfer SUV sport utility vehicle SwRI Southwest Research Institute TG number of transmission gears TMC traffic management center TP test procedure TPMS tire pressure monitoring system TRB Transportation Research Board TREAD Transportation Recall Enhancement, Accountability, and Documentation TSS thermal storage system UC ultracapacitor UDDS Urban Dynamic Driving Schedule USABC U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium USCAR U.S. Council for Automotive Research VDP Vehicle Development Process VGT variable geometry turbine VITT Vehicles Integration Tag Team VIUS Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey VMT vehicle miles traveled VVA variable valve actuation VVL variable valve lift VVT variable valve timing WAAS weighted aerodynamic average speed WBS wide-base single (tires for low rolling resistance)
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