B
Other Evidence Projects

Table B-1 lists a sampling of current efforts to improve research and practice in the field of obesity prevention or public health. The committee considered these efforts when assessing the strengths and limitations of current approaches for generating and evaluating evidence on obesity prevention. The efforts listed in this table are focused on the provision of guidelines for selecting prevention interventions, identifying appropriate outcome measures for obesity prevention, evaluating the strength of evidence for prevention approaches, and using evidence. Sources of systematic reviews are also included.

TABLE B-1 Other Evidence Projects

Project Name

Funder(s)/Investigator(s)

Purpose

Website

Guidelines

 

 

 

Guide to Community Preventive Services

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

To inform the choice of programs and policies for improving health and preventing disease in a given community.

http://www.thecommunityguide.org

Guidelines, Development, and Recommendations Team

CDC’s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity

To establish a scientific evidence base for what works. This team works in conjunction with the Guide to Community Preventive Services and the U.S. Task Force on Community Preventive Services to issue recommendations for obesity prevention and control interventions in worksite, medical care, and community settings, and to provide materials that will help users implement the interventions.

None



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B Other Evidence Projects T able B-1 lists a sampling of current efforts to improve research and practice in the field of obesity prevention or public health. The committee considered these efforts when assessing the strengths and limitations of current approaches for generating and evaluating evidence on obesity prevention. The efforts listed in this table are focused on the provision of guidelines for selecting prevention interventions, identifying appro- priate outcome measures for obesity prevention, evaluating the strength of evidence for prevention approaches, and using evidence. Sources of systematic reviews are also included. TABLE B-1 Other Evidence Projects Project Name Funder(s)/Investigator(s) Purpose Website Guidelines Guide to Community Centers for Disease To inform the choice of programs http://www. Preventive Services Control and Prevention and policies for improving health and thecommunityguide.org (CDC) preventing disease in a given community. Guidelines, CDC’s Division of To establish a scientific evidence base None Development, and Nutrition, Physical for what works. This team works in Recommendations Activity, and Obesity conjunction with the Guide to Community Team Preventive Services and the U.S. Task Force on Community Preventive Services to issue recommendations for obesity prevention and control interventions in worksite, medical care, and community settings, and to provide materials that will help users implement the interventions. continued 

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TABLE B-1 Continued Project Name Funder(s)/Investigator(s) Purpose Website Measures Common Community CDC, CDC Foundation, To identify a core set of community- http://www.cdc. Measures for Robert Wood level measures, focusing on policy and gov/mmwr/preview/ Obesity Prevention Johnson Foundation environmental strategies that impact mmwrhtml/rr5807a1.htm (COCOMO) (RWJF), W.K. Kellogg obesity prevention that can be used Foundation, Kaiser for research and can serve as baseline Permanente variables for planning and evaluation. Evaluation Center of Excellence University of North To identify, translate, and disseminate http://www.center-trt.org/ for Training and Carolina, CDC evidence-based interventions, best Research Translation practices/processes, and implementation tools for use by public health practitioners. Early Assessment of CDC Division of To identify a set of promising local http://www.cdc.gov/ Programs and Policies Adolescent and programs and policies (addressing the prc/research-projects/ to Prevent Childhood School Health, RWJF, physical, social, or economic environment) associated-projects/ Obesity Prevention Research implemented to address obesity among identifying-local- Centers Program Office, children aged 3-17 and to determine childhood-obesity- CDC Foundation, and which ones merit rigorous evaluation. prevention-programs- Macro International Priority is placed on programs and policies policies.htm Inc. implemented in community settings and targeting low-income children to improve eating habits and physical activity levels. Practice-Based CDC Division of To judge the promise of worksite health http://www.cdc.gov/ Evidence Project in Nutrition, Physical promotion practices. The SWAT evaluation nccdphp/dnpa/hwi/ Worksites—Swift Activity, and Obesity method is a tool that uses a set of criteria, program_design/swat/ Worksite Assessment rather than a comparison group, for index.htm and Translation single-worksite assessments. (SWAT) Reach, Effectiveness, Workgroup members: To implement and evaluate an explanatory http://www.re-aim.org Adoption, David Dzewaltowski, framework for measuring intervention Implementation, Paul Estabrooks, Russ impact in its broadest sense. The and Maintenance Glasgow, and Lisa framework is a systematic way for (RE-AIM) Klesges; funded by researchers and decision makers to RWJF evaluate health behavior interventions. Systematic Reviews Centre for Reviews University of York and To undertake systematic reviews of http://www.york.ac.uk/ and Dissemination National Institute for research evidence on health and public inst/crd/index.htm Health Research health questions of national and international importance. The findings are widely disseminated and have impacted health care policy and practice in the United Kingdom and internationally. Bridging the Evidence Gap in Obesity Prevention 

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TABLE B-1 Continued Project Name Funder(s)/Investigator(s) Purpose Website Cochrane Public Cochrane Collaboration To produce systematic reviews of http://www.ph.cochrane. Health Review Group population-level interventions; contribute org/en/index.html to methodological developments in the synthesis of public health research; transfer knowledge and exchange initiatives; and develop strategies for primary research on and rigorous evaluations of population- level interventions (policy, programs, legislation, community interventions), including maintaining a specialized studies register. Development of Nemours Health and To propose and disseminate a set of clearly http://www. Evidence Standards Prevention Services, defined evidence standards appropriate for commonwealthfund.org/ for Child Health The Commonwealth primary care that can be used to determine Content/Grants/2006/ Promotion Fund, and the Agency the effectiveness of preventive and Dec/Developing-New- for Healthcare Research developmental services for children and Evidence-Standards- and Quality allow the advancement of the field through for-Child-Development- the proper development and analysis of and-Health-Promotion- scientific evidence. Services—Phase-2.aspx Effective Public Ontario Public Health To conduct systematic reviews of the http://www.ephpp.ca/ Health Practice Research, Education effectiveness of public health interventions index.htm Project (EPHPP) and Development and summarize recent high-quality reviews Program produced by others. The products of these reviews are disseminated as resources for evidence-based decision making in public health in Canada. Review of Transtria, LLC with (1) To create a systematic annual review http://www.transtria.com/ Environmental and RWJF and Washington process for classifying environmental projects.php Policy Interventions University Public Health and policy interventions for childhood for Childhood Obesity Institute obesity prevention into levels of evidence. Prevention (EPNP) (2) To identify environmental and policy interventions in nutrition and physical activity with applicability in children aged 3-18 emerging from existing evidence- based review processes. (3) To review and summarize emerging evidence-based environmental and policy interventions in nutrition and physical activity with applicability in children aged 3-18 with respect to a range of research- and practice-based levels of evidence. continued  Appendix B

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TABLE B-1 Continued Project Name Funder(s)/Investigator(s) Purpose Website Uses of Evidence Collaboration of Australian Government To support community-based obesity http://www.co-ops.net.au/ Community-based Department of Health prevention initiatives through a Obesity Prevention and Ageing collaborative approach to promoting Sites (CO-OPS best practices and knowledge translation, Collaboration) and through the provision of networking opportunities, support, and advice. Health Evidence National Collaborating To facilitate the adoption and http://health-evidence.ca Canada Centre for Aboriginal implementation of effective policies/ Health (NCCAH), programs/interventions at the local and National Collaborating regional public health decision-making Centre for levels across Canada, and to provide Environmental Health decision makers with tools that will (NCCEH), National enhance their quality assessment skills and Collaborating Centre to customize the content they receive to for Healthy Public specified areas of interest. Policy (NCCHPP), National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCCID), National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools (NCCMT), City of Hamilton Public Health Service Division National Registry Substance Abuse and To assist the public in identifying http://www.nrepp.samhsa. of Evidence-Based Mental Health Services approaches to preventing and treating gov/ Programs and Administration mental and/or substance use disorders that Practices have been scientifically tested and that can be readily disseminated to the field. Roundtable on Institute of Medicine To convene leadership from key health http://www.iom.edu/ebm Evidence-Based care sectors to catalyze the collaborative Medicine work needed to drive improvements in the effectiveness and efficiency of medical care by transforming how evidence is developed and used in health care. TREND—Transparent Various public health To develop standardized, transparent http://www.cdc. Reporting of collaborators as an reporting standards for nonrandomized gov/trendstatement/ Evaluations with outgrowth of a CDC intervention research evaluations in public Nonrandomized meeting health−related fields. Designs Bridging the Evidence Gap in Obesity Prevention