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Appendix I
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ABI Automated Broker Interface

ACS Automated Commercial System

AF acidified food

AFDO Association of Food and Drug Officials

AFSS Animal Feed Safety System

AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome

ALERT Assure, Look, Employees, Report, Threat

AMS Agricultural Marketing Service (USDA)

APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

APFSL Agricultural Products Food Safety Laboratory

APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA)

APHL Association of Public Health Laboratories

AQIS Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service

ARS Agricultural Research Service (USDA)

ASTHO Association of State and Territorial Health Officials

AVMA American Veterinary Medical Association

BATF Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (USDOT)

BRC British Research Consortium

BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy

BSL biosafety level

CAERS CFSAN Adverse Events Reporting System

CBP U.S. Customs and Border Protection (DHS)

CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention



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Appendix I Acronyms and Abbreviations ABI Automated Broker Interface ACS Automated Commercial System AF acidified food AFDO Association of Food and Drug Officials AFSS Animal Feed Safety System AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome ALERT Assure, Look, Employees, Report, Threat AMS Agricultural Marketing Service (USDA) APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation APFSL Agricultural Products Food Safety Laboratory APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA) APHL Association of Public Health Laboratories AqIS Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service ARS Agricultural Research Service (USDA) ASTHO Association of State and Territorial Health Officials AVMA American Veterinary Medical Association BATF Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (USDOT) BRC British Research Consortium BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy BSL biosafety level CAERS CFSAN Adverse Events Reporting System CBP U.S. Customs and Border Protection (DHS) CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 

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 ENHANCING FOOD SAFETY CFI Center for Foodborne Illness Research and Prevention CFIA Canadian Food Inspection Agency CFR Code of Federal Regulations CFSAN Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (FDA) CFU colony forming units CGMP current good manufacturing practice CHB Customs House Broke CIA Central Intelligence Agency CIFOR Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response CIKR Critical infrastructure and key resources CRC CFSAN Review Committee CSPI Center for Science in the Public Interest CU Consumers Union CVM Center for Veterinary Medicine (FDA) DG SANCO Directorate General for Health and Consumers (European Commission) DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security DLC dioxin-like compound DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DoC U.S. Department of Commerce DoD U.S. Department of Defense DoI U.S. Department of the Interior DOJ U.S. Department of Justice DVFA Danish Veterinary and Food Administration EFSA European Food Safety Authority EHR electronic health record EHS-NET Environmental Health Specialists Network eLExNET electronic Laboratory Exchange Network (FDA) EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Epi-x Epidemic Information Exchange ERS Economic Research Service (USDA) EU European Union FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FASCAT Food and Agriculture Sector Criticality Assessment Tool FASCC Food and Agriculture Sector Coordinating Council FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration FDAAA Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 FDCA Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency (DHS)

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 APPENDIX I FERN Food Emergency Response Network FMI Food Marketing Institute FMIA Federal Meat Inspection Act FNB Food and Nutrition Board FOIA Freedom of Information Act FoodNet Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network FOUO For Official Use Only FPP Food Protection Plan FSA Food Standards Agency (United Kingdom) FSANz Food Standards Australia New Zealand FSIC Food Safety Information Council FSII Food Safety Information Infrastructure FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA) FSLC Food Safety Leadership Council FSqS Food Safety and Quality Service FSWG Food Safety Working Group FTC Federal Trade Commission FTE full-time equivalent/employee FVO Food and Veterinary Office (European Union) FWS Fish and Wildlife Service (DoI) FY fiscal year GAO U.S. Government Accountability Office (previously U.S. General Accounting Office) GAP Good Agricultural Practice GAqP Good Aquacultural Practice GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GCC Government Coordinating Council GC-MS Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry GFSI Global Food Safety Initiative GIP Good Importer Practice GIPSA Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards Administration (USDA) GMA Grocery Manufacturers Association GMP Good Manufacturing Practice GPRA Government Performance and Results Act GRAS generally recognized as safe HACCP Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points HC Health Canada HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act HIV human immunodeficiency virus

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 ENHANCING FOOD SAFETY HSIN Homeland Security Information Network HSPD Homeland Security Presidential Directive IAC Intertribal Agriculture Council IEC International Electrotechnical Commission IFSS Integrated Food Safety System IFT Institute of Food Technologists IIT Illinois Institute of Technology IOM Institute of Medicine IRAC Interagency Risk Assessment Consortium IRB Institutional Review Board ISO International Organization for Standardization IT information technology JIFSAN Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition LACF low-acid canned foods LM Listeria monocytogenes MARCS Mission Activity Reporting Compliance System MCDA multiple criteria decision analysis MDP Microbiological Data Program MDVP Methods Development and Validation Program MHS Meat Hygiene Service (United Kingdom Food Standards Agency) MID Manufacturer Identification MOU memorandum of understanding NACCHO National Association of County and City Health Officials NAL National Agricultural Library (USDA) NARMS National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System NASS National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA) NCFPD National Center for Food Protection and Defense (DHS) NCFST National Center for Food Safety and Technology NCNPR National Center for Natural Products Research NCTR National Center for Toxicological Research (FDA) NEHA National Environmental Health Association NGO nongovernmental organization NIFA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA) NIH National Institutes of Health NIMS National Incident Management System NIPP National Infrastructure Protection Plan NLEA Nutrition Labeling and Education Act

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 APPENDIX I NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service (DoC) NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (DoC) NORS National Outbreak Reporting System NRC National Research Council or Nuclear Regulatory Commission NRP National Response Plan NzFSA New Zealand Food Safety Authority OASIS Operational and Administrative System for Import Support OCI Office of Criminal Investigations (FDA) OCM Office of Crisis Management (FDA) OECA Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assistance (EPA) OHA Office of Health Affairs (DHS) OMB Office of Management and Budget OPA Office of Public Affairs (FDA) OPHEP Office of Public Health Emergency Preparedness OPPTS Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances (EPA) OR Office of Research (CVM) ORA Office of Regulatory Affairs (FDA) ORACBA Office of Risk Assessment and Cost-Benefit Analysis (USDA) ORAU Office of Regulatory Affairs University ORD Office of Research and Development (EPA) ORM operational risk management PART Program Assessment Rating Tool PCII Protected Critical Infrastructure Information PCR polymerase chain reaction PCT Pesticide Coordination Team PDP Pesticide Data Program (USDA) PFGE pulsed-field gel electrophoresis PFSE Partnership for Food Safety Education PN prior notice PNC Prior Notice Center PRA Paperwork Reduction Act PREDICT Predictive Risk-Based Evaluation for Dynamic Import Compliance Targeting PulseNet National Molecular Subtyping Network for Foodborne Disease Surveillance RACT Risk Assessment Coordination Team RCAC Risk Communication Advisory Committee (FDA)

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 ENHANCING FOOD SAFETY RIHSC Research Involving Human Subjects Committee RMF risk management framework SAHCDHA serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals SCC Sector Coordinating Council SEB Staphylococcal enterotoxin B SPPA Strategic Partnership Program Agroterrorism SPS Sanitary and Phytosanitary SqF Safe Quality Food SSA Sector-Specific Agency SSP Sector-Specific Plan TBT Technical Barriers to Trade TDS Total Diet Study UF University of Florida UK United Kingdom UMB University of Maryland, Baltimore USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USDOT U.S. Department of Treasury WCFS Western Center for Food Safety WCL Washington College of Law WHO World Health Organization WIC Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children WIFSS Western Institute for Food Safety and Security WTO World Trade Organization