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Appendix E Sample PEPFAR Country Timelines 175

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180 STRATEGIC APPROACH TO THE EVALUATION OF U.S. GLOBAL HIV/AIDS PROGRAMS Country Timelines List of Abbreviations in the Country Timelines Botswana DHS = Demographic and Health Survey; FY = fiscal year; MICS = Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey; PHE = public health evaluation; VCT = voluntary counseling and testing. Cambodia ART = antiretroviral therapy; BSS = Behavioral Health Survey; DHS = Demographic and Health Survey; FY = fiscal year; MoH = Ministry of Health; MSM = men who have sex with men; NCHADS = National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STD; NGO = non-governmental organization; PLWHA = people living with HIV/AIDS; RGC = Royal Government of Cambodia; STI = sexually transmitted infection; USAID = United States Agency for International Development. Guyana AIS = AIDS Indicator Survey; BCC = behavior change communication; BSS = Behavioral Health Survey; DHS = Demographic and Health Survey; FY = fiscal year; ILO = International Labor Organization; MICS = Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey; MoH = Ministry of Health; MoLHS&SS = Ministry of Labor, Human Services, and Social Security; PHE = public health evaluation; PLHIV = people living with HIV/AIDS; PMTCT = prevention of mother-to-child-transmission; SPA = Service Provision Assessment Survey. Kenya APHIA = AIDS, Population and Health Integrated Assistance II project; BSS = Behavioral Health Survey; CBO = community-based organization; DFID = UK Department for International Development; DHS = Demographic and Health Survey; FY = fiscal year; MCH SPA = Maternal and Child Health Service Provision Assessment Survey; KAIS = Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey; MICS = Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey; PHE = public health evaluation; PMTCT = prevention of mother-to-child transmission; OVC = orphans and vulnerable children. Research Process and Methodology An initial broad scan was conducted between December 2009 and January 2010 to retrieve information for the four countries presented in this Appendix. The countries selected for the initial research are part of the 31 COP countries 1 for FY2009 (i.e., countries that submitted a country operational plan (COP) to PEPFAR in fiscal year 2009). At the beginning of this activity, the COP process for FY2010 was ongoing. The information collected for each country extends, at least, for the past 12 years. The information was drawn from published and gray literature primarily from OGAC and U.S. agencies including PEPFAR implementing agencies and partners (e.g., USAID and Family Health International), in-country sources such as the 2008 UNGASS reports, and other global stakeholders reports (e.g., Global Fund and UNAIDS). Additionally, global health or health policy media outlets were used as a source of information on current events related to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the different countries. The main types of information gathered through the document identification and screening process to build the country timelines for Botswana, Cambodia, Guyana, and Kenya included PEPFAR activities and/or investment, Global Fund HIV/AIDS-related activities and investments, country-level 1 In FY2009, the Caribbean region submitted a COP but for purposes of the research and development of the country timelines, it was not considered a country.

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181 APPENDIX E policy information in connection with the national HIV/AIDS response, as well as information about recent data collection activities such as population-based surveys and other HIV/AIDS- related surveillance either already completed or proposed. Limitations The format and design of the timeline limits the number of activities or events represented in each of the country timelines. Therefore, the country events included after the completion of the research were prioritized, and only a subset of the country events was included in the country timeline figure (snapshot). Additionally, these country snapshots only presents a number of events related to the national HIV/AIDS response and are not intended to be comprehensive. The information for these timelines was available in a number of different locations (documents, websites, and databases), and thus the research and initial scan of information was limited to the documents and databases listed below. Documents and Databases Reviewed AVERT. 2010. HIV & AIDS in Botswana. Last updated May 17, 2010. http://www.avert.org/aids-botswana.htm (accessed June 9, 2010). AVERT. 2010. Asia AIDS timeline. Last updated March 12, 2010. http://www.avert.org/asia- aids-timeline.htm (accessed June 11, 2010). Botswana Ministry of State President, and National AIDS Coordinating Agency. 2008. Progress report of the national response to the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2008/botswana_2008_country_progress_report_en.pdf (accessed June 11, 2010). Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. http://www.aidslaw.ca/EN/index.htm (accessed June 9, 2010). Christopher, S., and M. Kunthear. 2009. Cambodian report damns law for confusing trafficking with sex work. The Phnom Penh Post, June 23. http://www.nodo50.org/Laura_Agustin/cambodian-report-damns-trafficking-law-for-mixing-up- trafficking-with-sex-work (accessed June 11, 2010). FHI (Family Health International). BSS/BBSS studies conducted by Family Health International, 1989–2009.http://www.fhi.org/en/HIVAIDS/pub/survreports/res_BSS_full_list.htm (accessed June 8, 2010). GFTAM (The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria). 2010. Grant portfolio: Cambodia. http://portfolio.theglobalfund.org/Country/Index/CAM?lang=en (accessed June 11, 2010). Government of Guyana National HIV/AIDS Programme. 2009. HIV/AIDS in Guyana (last updated November 19, 2009). http://www.hiv.gov.gy/gp_hiv_gy.php (accessed June 11, 2010). International AIDS Alliance. Khmer HIV/AIDS NGO Alliance (KHANA). http://www.aidsalliance.org/linkingorganisationdetails.aspx?id=5 (accessed June 11, 2010). IRIN (The Integrated Regional Information Networks). 2008. Kenya: Global Fund rejection brings a rethink. PlusNews, October 29. http://www.plusnews.org/report.aspx?ReportID=81188 (accessed June 11, 2010). IRIN. 2009. Global: Falling foul of the fund. PlusNews, November 11. http://www.plusnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=86972 (accessed June 11, 2010). IRIN. 2009. Kenya: Meeting Muslim leaders halfway on HIV education. PlusNews, December 8. http://www.plusnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=87367 (accessed June 11, 2010). IRIN. 2009. Kenya: The million man cut. PlusNews, November 19. http://www.plusnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=87074 (accessed June 11, 2010).

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182 STRATEGIC APPROACH TO THE EVALUATION OF U.S. GLOBAL HIV/AIDS PROGRAMS IRIN. 2009. Kenya: PEPFAR doubles AIDS funding. PlusNews, December 17. http://www.plusnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=87468 (accessed June 11, 2010). KFF (Kaiser Family Foundation). 2006. Botswana launches infant HIV testing program. Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, October 27. http://dailyreports.kff.org/Daily- Reports/2006/October/27/dr00040699.aspx (accessed June 9, 2010). KFF. 2009. Global challenges: Botswana health officials announce HIV-prevention project to circumcise 80 percent of eligible men over five years. Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, May 11. http://www.kaisernetwork.org/daily_reports/rep_index.cfm?hint=1&DR_ID=58395 (accessed June 9, 2010). KFF. 2009. Drug access: Cambodia reports increase in antiretroviral treatment access. Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, Jan 28. http://www.kaisernetwork.org/daily_reports/rep_index.cfm?hint=1&DR_ID=56660 (accessed June 11, 2010). MEASURE DHS (Demographic and Health Surveys). All surveys by country. http://www.measuredhs.com/aboutsurveys/search/search_survey_main.cfm?SrvyTp=cou ntry (accessed June 9, 2010). MEASURE DHS. HIV/AIDS survey indicators database. http://www.measuredhs.com/hivdata/ (accessed June 9, 2010). MLHS & SS (Ministry of Labour, Human Services and Social Services, Guyana). 2009. HIV/AIDS in the workplace http://www.hiv.gov.gy/workplace.php (accessed June 11, 2010). NACC (National AIDS Control Council, Office of the President, Kenya). 2007. About NACC – History. http://www.nacc.or.ke/2007/default2.php?active_page_id=117 (updated June 11, 2010). NACC. 2008. UNGASS 2008 United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV and AIDS: Country report, Kenya. Reporting period: January 2006–December 2007. Nairobi: NACC. http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2008/kenya_2008_country_progress_report_en.pdf (accessed June 11, 2010). Ndadi, U. 2008. HIV/AIDS and employment law in Botswana. Botswana Review of Ethics, Law and HIV/AIDS 2(1). NCHADS (The National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STDs, Cambodia). 2010. NCHADS: Mission, functions and structure. http://www.nchads.org/index.php?id=25 (accessed June 11, 2010). NCHADS. 2001. Behavioral surveillance survey (BSS) 1997–1999. Phnom Penh: NCHADS. http://www.nchads.org/Publication/BSS/bss97-99.pdf (accessed June 11, 2010). PEPFAR (The United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief). 2010. Partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Botswana. http://www.pepfar.gov/countries/botswana/index.htm (accessed June 9, 2010). PEPFAR. 2010. Partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Cambodia. http://www.pepfar.gov/countries/cambodia/index.htm (accessed June 11, 2010). PEPFAR. 2010. Partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Guyana. http://www.pepfar.gov/countries/guyana/index.htm (accessed June 11, 2010). PEPFAR. 2010. Partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Kenya. http://www.pepfar.gov/countries/kenya/index.htm (accessed June 11, 2010). Presidential Commission on HIV and AIDS (Republic of Guyana). 2008. UNGASS country progress report. Reporting period: January 2006–December 2007. http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2008/guyana_2008_country_progress_report_en.pdf (accessed June 11, 2010). Sou, S., P. Tia, and C. L. Ward. 2004. Implementing Cambodia’s law on the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS. Abstract presented at the 15th International Conference on AIDS, Bangkok, Thailand, July 11–16. http://gateway.nlm.nih.gov/MeetingAbstracts/ma?f=102280454.html (accessed June 11, 2010).

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183 APPENDIX E USAID. 2004. Cambodia HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2002–2005. http://www.usaid.gov/kh/health/documents/USAID_Cambodia_HIV_strategy_2002_200 5.pdf (accessed June 11, 2010). USAID. 2008. USAID Cambodia: HIV/AIDS health profile. http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/aids/Countries/asia/cambodia_profile.pdf (accessed June 11, 2010).

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