Appendix H
Acronyms and Abbreviations

%HA percentage (of persons) highly annoyed

AC asphalt concrete

ACARE Advisory Council for Aeronautical Research in Europe

ACTIVE International Symposium on Active Control of Sound and Vibration

ACUS Administrative Conference of the United States

ADC40 Transportation Research Board Committee on Transportation-Related Noise and Vibration

ADOT Arizona Department of Transportation

A|D|S Aerospace|Defence|Security (see SBAC)

AHAAH Auditory Hazard Assessment Algorithm for Humans

AHAM American Home Appliance Manufacturers

AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

AIP American Institute of Physics

AMCA Air Moving and Conditioning Association

AMT Association for Manufacturing Technology

ANASE Attitudes to Noise from Aviation Sources in England

ANR active noise reduction

ANSI American National Standards Institute

ANTLE advanced near-term low emissions

AREMA American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association

ARI Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute

ASC Accredited Standards Committee

ASEL A-weighted sound exposure level

ASHA American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

ASHE American Society for Healthcare Engineering

ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers

ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers

AST advanced subsonic transport

ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials

ATIS Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions

AUD Australian dollar

BBN Bolt, Beranek and Newman

CAD computer-aided design

CAETS International Council of Engineering and Technical Societies

CALM Community Noise Research Strategy Plan (European Union)

CBA cost-benefit analysis

CDoT California Department of Transportation

CE Conformité Européenne

CEI Central European Initiative

CEN European Committee for Standardization

CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

CENYC Council of the Environment of New York City

CFD computational fluid dynamics

CFR Code of Federal Regulations

CPRE Campaign to Protect Rural England

CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission

CRRs commuter railroads

CRS Congressional Research Service



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Appendix H Acronyms and Abbreviations %HA percentage (of persons) highly annoyed ASHA American Speech-Language-Hearing Association AC asphalt concrete ASHE American Society for Healthcare ACARE Advisory Council for Aeronautical Engineering Research in Europe ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refriger- ACTIVE International Symposium on Active ating and Air-Conditioning Engineers Control of Sound and Vibration ASME American Society of Mechanical ACUS Administrative Conference of the Engineers United States AST advanced subsonic transport ADC40 Transportation Research Board Com- ASTM American Society for Testing and mittee on Transportation-Related Noise Materials and Vibration ATIS Alliance for Telecommunications Indus- ADOT Arizona Department of Transportation try Solutions A|D|S Aerospace|Defence|Security (see AUD Australian dollar SBAC) AHAAH BBN Bolt, Beranek and Newman Auditory Hazard Assessment Algorithm for Humans AHAM American Home Appliance CAD computer-aided design Manufacturers CAETS International Council of Engineering AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and and Technical Societies Astronautics CALM Community Noise Research Strategy AIP American Institute of Physics Plan (European Union) AMCA Air Moving and Conditioning CBA cost-benefit analysis Association CDoT California Department of Transportation AMT Association for Manufacturing CE Conformité Européenne Technology CEI Central European Initiative ANASE CEN European Committee for Attitudes to Noise from Aiation Sources Standardization in England ANR active noise reduction CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechni- ANSI American National Standards Institute cal Standardization ANTLE advanced near-term low emissions CENYC Council of the Environment of New AREMA American Railway Engineering and York City Maintenance-of-Way Association CFD computational fluid dynamics ARI Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration CFR Code of Federal Regulations Institute CPRE Campaign to Protect Rural England ASC Accredited Standards Committee CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission ASEL A-weighted sound exposure level CRRs commuter railroads CRS Congressional Research Service 7

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7 TECHNOLOGY FOR A QUIETER AMERICA CU Consumers Union HARMONOISE Project to predict environmental noise dB decibel levels caused by road and railway traf- DEFRA Department for Environment, Food and fic (European Union) Rural Affairs HEATCO Harmonized European Approaches for DENL day-evening-night average sound level Transport Costing and Product Assess- DEP Department of Environmental Protec- ment Studies (consortium) tion (New York City) HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Ac- DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human countability Act Services HPD hearing protection device DIA Denver International Airport HSR high-speed passenger railroads DNL day-night-average sound level HWB hybrid wing body DNW Dutch Anechoic Wind Tunnel DOD U.S. Department of Defense ICAO International Civil Aviation Association DOL U.S. Department of Labor ICBEN International Commission on the Bio- DOT U.S. Department of Transportation logical Effects of Noise DRA duct resonator array IEC International Electrotechnical Commission EA European Co-operation for IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Accreditation Engineers EC European Commission IIC Impact-Insulation Class ECMA formerly the European Computer I-INCE International Institute of Noise Control Manufacturers Association, now only Engineering ECMA ILAC International Laboratory Accreditation END Environmental Noise Directive Cooperation EPA Environmental Protection Agency IMAGINE Project to produce noise maps (Euro- EPNdB effective perceived noise level decibels pean Union) EPNL effective perceived noise level INCE/USA Institute of Noise Control Engineering ER exchange rate of the U.S.A. EU European Union INTER-NOISE International Congress on Noise Con- trol Engineering FAA Federal Aviation Administration ISEA International Safety Equipment FEHRL Forum of European National Highway Association Research Laboratories IOM Institute of Medicine FGI Facility Guidelines Institute ISO International Organization for FHWA Federal Highway Administration Standardization FICAN Federal Interagency Committee on ISVR Institute of Sound and Vibration Re- Aircraft Noise search (United Kingdom) FICON Federal Interagency Committee on IT information technology Noise ITD integrated technology demonstrators FICUN Federal Interagency Committee on Urban Noise JPDO Joint Planning and Development Office FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration KBDN Kitchen and Bath Design News FTAG Federal Transportation Advisory Group LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmen- tal Design GAO Government Accountability Office LEMA Laboratory for Electromagnetics and GDP gross domestic product Acoustics GPSG German Equipment and Product Safety LHH League for the Hard of Hear- Act ing (now Center for Hearing and GSA General Services Administration Communication) GSIG Global Standards and Information LRT light rail transit Group MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MSHA Mine Safety and Health Administration

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7 APPENDIX H QTD Quiet Technology Demonstrator NAE National Academy of Engineering Program NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration R&D research and development NAW Noise Action Week RRT rapid rail transit NCAC National Council of Acoustical Consultants SAE Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE NCEJ International) Noise Control Engineering Journal NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Re- SAX-40 Silent Aircraft Initiative search Program SBAC Society of British Aerospace Compa- NCSI National Center for Standards Certifica- nies (through a merger, now A|D|S) tion Information SEL sound exposure level NDI noise depreciation index SILENCE Aircraft Noise Reduction Project (Euro- NDSI noise depreciation sensitivity index pean Union) NEF noise exposure forecast SILVIA based on silenda ia (the road must be NIH National Institutes of Health silent) NIHL noise-induced hearing loss SMA stone matrix asphalt NIOSH National Institute for Occupational SME Society of Mechanical Engineers Safety and Health STAIRRS Strategies and Tools to Assess and NIPTS noise-induced permanent threshold shift Implement Noise-Reducing Measures NIST National Institute of Standards and for Railway Systems Technology STC sound transmission class NNI noise and number index NNI TC43/SC1 (ISO) Technical Committee 43 Sub- Noise/News International NOISE-CON National Conference on Noise Control committee 1 (Noise) Engineering TGV train à grande vitesse (France) NPS National Park Service TNM Traffic Noise Model NRR noise reduction rating TPNRC Tire-Pavement Noise Research NVLAP National Voluntary Laboratory Accredi- Consortium tation Program TRB Transportation Research Board TTS temporary threshold shift OECD Organisation for Economic Co-opera- TÜV Technischer Überwachungs-Verein tion and Development (Germany) OGAC open-grade asphalt concrete TWA time-weighted average OMB Office of Management and Budget TWINS track-wheel interaction noise system ONAC Office of Noise Abatement and Control UHBR ultra high bypass ratio ONCC O’Hare Noise Compatibility Commission UL Underwriters Laboratories OSHA Occupational Safety and Health UNECE United Nations Economic Commission Administration for Europe OSHRC Occupational Safety and Health Review USAF U.S. Air Force Commission USC U.S. Code OSTP Office of Science and Technology USCB U.S. Census Bureau Policy USD U.S. dollar USTR U.S. Trade Representative PARTNER Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction VCA Vehicle Certification Agency (United PCC Portland cement concrete Kingdom) PEL permitted exposure level VITAL EnVIronmenTALly PIRG Public Information Research Group WG1 Working Group on Noise Indicators PnDB unit of perceived noise level WG2 Working Group on Socio-Economic PNL perceived noise level Aspects of Noise PPE personal protective equipment WHO World Health Organization WTA willingness to accept QPPP Quiet Pavement Pilot Program WTP willingness to pay

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