Appendix F
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ac alternating current

ACEC advanced combustion and emission control (technical team)

ANL Argonne National Laboratory

ARPA-E Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (DOE)

ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

bbl barrel

BES (Office of) Basic Energy Sciences (DOE)

BEV battery electric vehicle

BGY billion gallons per year

BoP balance of plant

C&S codes and standards

CAFE corporate average fuel economy

CCS carbon capture and storage

CEM compressor expander motor

CFD computational fluid dynamics

CLEERS Crosscut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction Simulation

CNG compressed natural gas

CO carbon monoxide

CO2 carbon dioxide

COE center of excellence

CRADA collaborative research and development agreement

dc direct current



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Appendix F Acronyms and Abbreviations ac alternating current ACEC advanced combustion and emission control (technical team) ANL Argonne National Laboratory ARPA-E Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (DOE) ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 bbl barrel BES (Office of) Basic Energy Sciences (DOE) BEV battery electric vehicle BGY billion gallons per year BoP balance of plant C&S codes and standards CAFE corporate average fuel economy CCS carbon capture and storage CEM compressor expander motor CFD computational fluid dynamics CLEERS Crosscut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction Simulation CNG compressed natural gas CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide COE center of excellence CRADA collaborative research and development agreement dc direct current 0

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0 APPENDiX F DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOT U.S. Department of Transportation DPF diesel particulate filter E85 85 percent ethanol EAC Electricity Advisory Committee EERE (Office of) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (DOE) EGR exhaust gas recirculation EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration EISA Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPRI Electric Power Research Institute ESG Executive Steering Group FACE fuels for advanced combustion engines FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership FCHEV fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle FCT Fuel Cell Technologies (program) FCVT FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (program) FE (Office of) Fossil Energy (DOE) FFV flexible fuel vehicle FMEA failure modes and effects analysis FPITT fuel pathway integration technical team FTA Federal Transit Administration FY fiscal year GaN gallium nitride gge gallon gasoline equivalent GHG greenhouse gas GREET Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (model) H, H2 hydrogen H2A Hydrogen Technology (model) HAMMER Hazardous Materials Management and Emergency Response (facility) HC hydrocarbon HCCI homogeneous charge compression ignition HEV hybrid electric vehicle HFCIT Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (program) HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle HFI Hydrogen Fuels Initiative HHV higher heating value

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0 APPENDiX F HyTrans Hydrogen Transition (model) ICE internal combustion engine IEEE Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers IMEP indicated mean effective pressure IPM interior permanent magnet ISO International Organization for Standardization kg kilogram kW kilowatt kWe kilowatt (electric) kWh kilowatt-hour Li-ion lithium-ion LCA life-cycle assessment LDV light-duty vehicle LHV lower heating value LPG liquefied petroleum gas LTC low-temperature combustion MARKAL Market Analysis (model) MEA membrane electrode assembly MFA materials flow analysis MOU memorandum of understanding MPa megapascal mpg miles per gallon MSM Macro System Model MT metric ton NAE National Academy of Engineering NAS National Academy of Sciences NE (Office of) Nuclear Energy (DOE) NEMS National Energy Modeling System NERC North American Electric Reliability Corporation NETL National Energy Technology Laboratory NFPA National Fire Protection Association NGNP Next Generation Nuclear Powerplant NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NiMH nickel metal hydride NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NOx nitrogen oxides NPC National Petroleum Council NPV net present value

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0 APPENDiX F NRC National Research Council NRDC Natural Resources Defense Council NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory OEM original equipment manufacturer ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PAN polyacrylonitrile PbA lead acid (battery) PEM proton exchange membrane PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PM particulate matter PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PRD pressure relief device PSAT Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit R&D research and development SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SBIR Small Business Innovation Research SC (Office of) Science (DOE) SCR selective catalytic reduction SiC silicon carbide SNL Sandia National Laboratories SOC state of charge SOI silicon on insulator SRNL Savannah River National Laboratory STTR small business technology transfer SUV sport utility vehicle 21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership UPS uninterruptible power supply USABC United States Advanced Battery Consortium USCAR U.S. Council for Automotive Research VSATT vehicle systems analysis technical team VT Vehicle Technologies (Office of)