Participants noted other challenges, including the fast pace at which new devices are being developed. Students may quickly adapt to new technologies, but assessment developers will need to be mindful of ways to design for evolving screen types and other variations in hardware, because images may render very differently on future devices than on those currently available, for example. Other challenges with compatibility were noted, but most participants agreed that the key is to proceed in incremental steps toward a long-term goal that is grounded in objectives for teaching and learning.
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6 Opportunities for Better Assessment ."
State Assessment Systems: Exploring Best Practices and Innovations: Summary of Two Workshops . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.