are provided. First-of-a-kind equipment and operations are also reviewed for the additional risk first-of-a-kind equipment can present.

In Chapter 3, a review of the process safety events that occurred at the CMA neutralization and incineration sites illustrates some causes of process safety incidents that might also occur at PCAPP and BGCAPP. There are also valuable lessons to be learned from experiences with those parts of the disposal process used at the CMA neutralization and incineration sites that are similar to the processes planned for use at PCAPP and BGCAPP.

In Chapter 4, the committee reviews the process safety metrics applied in industry, as well as those established by national and professional organizations, such as the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ Center for Chemical Process Safety, the American Petroleum Institute, and the United Kingdom Health and Safety Executive. The committee then provides guidance to PMACWA to help in the selection of process safety metrics and related methodologies for PCAPP and BGCAPP.


Chemical Safety Board. 2007. The Report of the BP US Refiners Independent Safety Review Panel. Available online at Last accessed on October 28, 2010.

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