Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 39
Assessment of Approaches for Using Process Safety Metrics at the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants Appendix A Glossary This short glossary presents some terms the committee believes should be clearly defined for the reader. They are drawn from a National Research Council report, Safety and Environmental Metrics for Potential Application at Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities, and a document published by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics. Injury Physical trauma to a body part that requires treatment in some form (NRC, 2009). Lagging indicator/metric A retrospective set of metrics that are based on incidents that meet an established threshold of severity (CCPS, 2009). Leading indicator/metric A forward-looking set of metrics that indicates the performance of the key work processes, operating discipline, or layers of protection that prevent incidents. It may include measures of safe practices such as training and completion of safety meetings, as well as distractions in the workplace (CCPS, 2009). Metric A standard of measurement or indicator of process safety management efficiency or performance (CCPS, 2009). Near miss An undesired event that, under slightly different circumstances, could have resulted in harm to people or damage to property, equipment, or the environment (NRC, 2009). Process safety incident An unusual or unexpected event that either resulted in, or had the potential to result in, serious injury to personnel, significant damage to property, adverse environmental impact, or a major interruption of process operations (CCPS, 2009). REFERENCES CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety). 2009. Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. NRC (National Research Council). 2009. Safety and Environmental Metrics for Potential Application at Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.