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persons living in the southern United States, their serum 25OHD measures were taken generally during the winter, not summer, months; the one-third reduction is therefore an over-correction in this case. However, because it is not possible using the data available to the committee to distinguish between values taken in the summer in northern areas and in the winter in southern areas, the adjustment cannot be further refined.

Although serum 25OHD levels from the 2005 to 2006 period in the United States are the data used for Table 7-3 because total intake data are available only for 2005 to 2006, serum 25OHD levels are available for the 2003 to 2006 data set, the two most current surveys, which, when combined, provide a larger data set. For comparison, these are shown in Table 7-4 and appear to reflect values very similar to those reported for 2005 to 2006 alone. No effort has been made to consider vitamin D intake for this period (2003 to 2006) because only data from the WWEIA are available for 2003 to 2006, which would not provide information on total intake (foods plus supplements).

TABLE 7-4 Mean Serum 25OHD Concentrations for the United States, 2003–2006, by Life Stage Group

Life Stage Group (years)

Mean Serum 25OHD Concentration (nmol/L ± SE)

Males

1–3

71.8 ± 1.4

4–8

70.6 ± 1.2

9–13

64.7 ± 1.4

14–18

60.3 ± 1.4

19–30

57.2 ± 1.3

31–50

59.3 ± 1.1

51–70

59.9 ± 1.2

> 70

59.1 ± 1.0

Females

1–3

70.4 ± 1.2

4–8

69.3 ± 1.4

9–13

58.9 ± 1.1

14–18

59.9 ± 1.7

19–30

62.2 ± 1.9

31–50

58.1 ± 1.2

51–70

57.6 ± 1.1

> 70

57.4 ± 1.1

NOTE: SE = standard error.

SOURCE: NHANES, 2003–2006.



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