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CCHS Canadian Community Health Survey

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CG Control group

CHMS Canadian Health Measures Survey

CI Confidence interval

CNF Canadian Nutrient File

CPBA Competitive protein binding assay

CVD Cardiovascular disease

CYP Cytochrome P450

DBP Vitamin D binding protein

DEQAS Vitamin D External Quality Assurance Scheme

DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid

DRI Dietary Reference Intake

DXA Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

EAR Estimated Average Requirement

EPIC European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

EPIDOS Epidémiologie de l’Ostéoporose study

FGF23 Fibroblast-like growth factor-23

FN Femoral neck

GC Gas chromatography

GFR Glomerular filtration rate

HPFS Health Professionals Follow-up Study

HR Hazard ratio

IBD Inflammatory bowel disease

IFN Interferon

Ig Immunoglobulin

IG Intervention group

IHD Ischemic heart disease

IL Interleukin

IOM Institute of Medicine

iPTH Intact parathyroid hormone

IU International Unit

K-MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination for Koreans

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