Appendix B

Panelists’ Biographies

ESKO AHO, executive vice president, Corporate Relations and Responsibility, Nokia, since 2008 (when he joined the company), is responsible for Nokia’s government and public affairs, as well as the company’s global policies related to sustainable development and social responsibility; he has been a member of the Group Executive Board since 2009. Before joining Nokia, Mr. Aho enjoyed a long and distinguished career in government service, culminating in his term as prime minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995. After the presidential campaign in 2000, he joined Harvard University as a lecturer. As a member of the Finnish Parliament, to which he was first elected in 1983, he served on several key committees. He also was a member of the Nordic Council and the Finnish delegation to the Council of Europe, vice chairman of Liberal International, chairman of the Finnish Ski Association, vice chairman of the Finnish Olympic Committee, and president of the Finnish Innovation Fund (SITRA). Currently, he is a member of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) World Council and vice chair of ICC Finland, as well as a board member of the Technology Academy Finland, a member of the board of Fortum Corporation, and vice chairman of the board of Technology Industries of Finland. Mr. Aho is an invited member of the Club de Madrid, an independent organization of former heads of state and government that works toward strengthening democracy, and the InterAction Council, an organization of former heads of state and government that addresses economic, political, and social problems. He holds a master’s degree in social science from the University of Helsinki. In his spare time, he enjoys literature and golf.

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Appendix B Panelists’ Biographies ESKO AHO, executive vice president, Corporate Relations and Respon- sibility, Nokia, since 2008 (when he joined the company), is responsible for Nokia’s government and public affairs, as well as the company’s global policies related to sustainable development and social respon - sibility; he has been a member of the Group Executive Board since 2009. Before joining Nokia, Mr. Aho enjoyed a long and distinguished career in government service, culminating in his term as prime minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995. After the presidential campaign in 2000, he joined Harvard University as a lecturer. As a member of the Finnish Parliament, to which he was first elected in 1983, he served on several key committees. He also was a mem- ber of the Nordic Council and the Finnish delegation to the Council of Europe, vice chairman of Liberal International, chairman of the Finnish Ski Association, vice chairman of the Finnish Olympic Committee, and president of the Finnish Innovation Fund (SITRA). Currently, he is a member of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) World Council and vice chair of ICC Finland, as well as a board member of the Technology Academy Finland, a member of the board of Fortum Corporation, and vice chairman of the board of Technology Industries of Finland. Mr. Aho is an invited member of the Club de Madrid, an independent organization of former heads of state and government that works toward strengthening democracy, and the InterAction Council, an organization of former heads of state and government that addresses economic, political, and social problems. He holds a master’s degree in social science from the University of Helsinki. In his spare time, he enjoys literature and golf. 

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 APPENDIX B BERNARD AMADEI, a professor of civil engineering at the University of Colorado (CU) at Boulder, is the faculty director of the Mortenson Center in Engineering for Developing Communities at CU Boulder and holds the Mortenson Endowed Chair in Global Engineering. Dr. Amadei is also the founding president of Engineers Without Borders–USA and co-founder of the Engineers Without Borders–International network. Among other distinctions, Dr. Amadei was the 2007 co- recipient of the Heinz Award for the Environment and the recipient of the 2008 ENR Award of Excellence. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Engi- neering in 2008, was recently elected a Senior Knight-Ashoka Fellow, and has received two honorary degrees. Dr. Amadei received his Ph.D. in 1982 from the University of California, Berkeley. JOHN SEELY BROWN is a visiting scholar and advisor to the provost of the University of Southern California (USC) and the independent co-chairman of the Deloitte Center for the Edge. Prior to joining USC, he was chief scientist of Xerox Corporation and director of its Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)—a position he held for nearly two decades. Under his leadership, PARC expanded its corporate research to include organizational learning, knowledge management, complex adaptive sys- tems, and nano/microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies. He is also a co-founder of the Institute for Research on Learning. Dr. Brown, often called JSB, is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Education, a fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intel- ligence and American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a trustee of the MacArthur Foundation. He serves on numerous public boards (Amazon, Corning, and Varian Medical Systems) and private boards of direc- tors. He has published more than 100 papers in scientific journals, and in 2004 he was inducted into the Industry Hall of Fame. His current book, The Power of Pull: How Small Moes, Smartly Made, Can Set Big Things in Motion (Basic Books, 2010), was co-authored with John Hagel and Lang Davison, and an earlier book, The Social Life of Information (Harvard Business Press, 2000, 2nd ed. 2002), which he co-authored with Paul Duguid, has been translated into nine languages. The Only Sustainable Edge: Why Business Strategy Depends on Productie Friction and Dynamic Specialization (Harvard

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 APPENDIX B Business Press, 2005), a book he co-authored with John Hagel, is about new forms of collaborative innovation. A forthcoming book, The New Culture of Learning, is co-authored with Professor Doug Thomas at USC. Dr. Brown received a B.A. from Brown University in 1962 in mathematics and physics and a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in 1970 in computer and communication sciences. He has also been awarded five honorary degrees. RUTH A. DAVID is president and chief executive officer of Ana- lytic Services Inc. (ANSER), a nonprofit corporation that addresses national security, homeland security, and public safety issues. In 1999, she initiated a corporate focus on homeland security, and in 2001, she established the ANSER Institute for Homeland Security. Analytic Ser- vices now operates the Homeland Security Institute, a federally funded research and development (R&D) center sponsored by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in addition to the ANSER operating unit. Before assuming her current position in 1998, Dr. David was deputy director for science and technology at the Cen- tral Intelligence Agency (CIA). As technical advisor to the director of Central Intelligence, she was responsible for R&D and the deployment of technologies in support of all phases of intelligence operations. Prior to joining the CIA in 1995, she held several leadership positions at Sandia National Laboratories, where she began her professional career in 1975. A member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), Dr. David currently serves on the NAE Council as well as several committees of the National Research Council (NRC); she also chairs the NRC Standing Committee on Technology Insight—Gauge, Evaluate, and Review (TIGER) and the NRC Board on Global Science and Technology. She is a member of the Homeland Security Advisory Council, which was established to advise the Presi - dent, and now advises the secretary of DHS. She also serves on the Defense Science Board, National Security Agency Advisory Board, Hertz Foundation Board, and Wichita State University Foundation National Advisory Committee and is a member of the Draper Corpora - tion. Dr. David received a B.S. from Wichita State University (electrical engineering) and an M.S. and doctorate from Stanford University (also in electrical engineering). She is co-author of three technical reference books and has published numerous articles.

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 APPENDIX B ERIC C. HASELTINE is a consultant, former associate director for science and technology in the Office of the Director of National Intel - ligence (essentially chief technology officer for the entire intelligence community), former head of research and development (R&D) at Dis- ney Imagineering, and former designer of virtual-reality technology for flight simulation for Hughes Aircraft. An expert on managing inno - vation processes with experience in the defense, entertainment, and aircraft industries, Dr. Haseltine has helped many organizations with sales and profits that have plateaued to “harvest the future” by develop - ing far-sighted technological solutions that deliver near- term value. Applying the principles he describes in his book, Long Fuse, Big Bang: Achieing Long-Term Success Through Daily Victories (Hyperion, 2010), he helps find opportunities that are often staring organizations in the face but are not recognized because of a natural ten- dency to filter out unexpected or unwanted information. Based on his experience as a Ph.D. neuroscientist and a senior execu- tive in both industry and government, he not only shows them how to find opportunities hiding in the brain’s “don’t-expect-don’t-want” blind spots, but also how to capture these opportunities once they have been identified. His consulting clients include Fortune 100 companies as well as large federal agencies. Dr. Haseltine is president and managing partner of Haseltine Partners LLC, is the owner of 15 patents in optics, special effects, and electronic media and the author of more than 100 publications in science and technical journals, on the web, and in Dis- coer magazine. NICHOLAS NEGROPONTE, founder and chairman of the One Laptop per Child Association Inc., a nonprofit organization, is currently on leave from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). An MIT graduate and a member of the faculty since 1966, Dr. Negroponte was a pioneer in the field of computer-aided design, co-founder and director of the MIT Media Laboratory, which was conceived in 1980 and opened its doors in 1985, and the Jerome B. Wiesner Professor of Media Technology. He is also author of the 1995 best seller, Being Digital (Knopf), which has been translated into more than 40 languages. In the private sector, he sits on the board of directors for Motorola Inc. and is general partner in a venture capital firm that specializes in digital technologies for information and enter-

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 APPENDIX B tainment. The firm has provided startup funds for more than 40 com- panies, including Wired magazine. RAYMOND S. STATA co-founded Analog Devices Inc. (ADI) in 1965, was CEO and chairman until 1996, and is now chairman of the board. Initially, the company focused on high-performance operational ampli - fiers and other linear IC’s, but the direction soon changed to data converters and later to digital signal processors. With sales of $2.5 billion, ADI is recognized for its leader- ship in the design and manufacture of analog and digital signal-processing semiconductors. Since stepping down as CEO, Mr. Stata has been an investor in and board member of early-stage technology-based new ventures, both personally and through Stata Venture Partners. The company and Mr. Stata have invested in more than 40 startup compa- nies mostly in America, Israel, and India. A graduate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Mr. Stata holds a BSEE and MSEE. Until 2010, he was chairman of the Visiting Committee of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, served on the board of the MIT Corporation, and was a member of its Executive Committee. He is also actively engaged in MIT’s Venture Mentoring Service, which provides voluntary advice by MIT graduates who have been successful entrepreneurs to students and faculty who want to become entrepre- neurs. Mr. Stata is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a foreign fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering. He was the recipient of the IEEE Founders Medal in 2003.

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