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Appendix E Additional Cost Information 231

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TABLE E.1 Detailed Task Breakdown (in $000) and Scheduling for Task 4: National Seismic Hazard Model 232 Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Breakdown (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) Task Component Year ($) ($) ($) ($) Provide geologic information to map faults and provide data 1-20 560,000 28,000 28,000 28,000 for predictive relationships USGS design applets and website updates 1-20 10,000 500 500 500 Update predictive relationships for ground shaking, including 1-20 153,000 10,200 6,400 7,000 earthquake-physics simulations Update seismic hazard maps for ground shaking 1-20 192,000 9,600 9,600 9,600 Develop predictive models for ground deformation 1-3 1,500 300 0 0 Develop seismic hazard maps for liquefaction 1-20 16,000 800 800 800 Develop seismic hazard maps for surface fault rupture 1-20 4,000 200 200 200 Develop seismic hazard maps for landslide potential 1-20 10,000 500 500 500 Total Cost 946,000 42,340 43,230 37,442 APPENDIX E

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TABLE E.2 Cost Breakdown (in $million) and Scheduling for Task 9: Post-Earthquake Information Management Years 1-2 Years 3-4 Years 5-6 Years 7-10 Years 11-20 Task Breakdown Task Total (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) PHASE 1 APPENDIX E Program management, travel and supporta 1.27 0.635 — — — — Equipment & commercial software licensing 0.26 0.13 — — — — PHASE II Pilot projects (7 to 9 total)b 3.7 0 0.37 0.74 0.37 — Operation costsc 9.4 0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.46 Total Cost 14.63 a Project management, PIMS system programmers, and testing/documentation staff would be budgeted at the GS13 salary range, about $125,000/ year including benefits. The initial GS13 staff would be 4.5 in number (1 Project Lead at 0.5 FTE, 3 FTE system/software programmers, and 1 FTE testing/documentation staff). Administrative assistance and systems management would be budgeted at about $70,000/year including benefits, and would require 1 FTE (4.5 * $125,000/year + 1 * $70,000/year = 562,500 + 70,000 = 632,500). b Each pilot project is estimated to have a development phase with 1 FTE at $90,000/year and an implementation phase with 1 to 2 FTEs at a cost of $140,000 to $420,000 per year, for a total cost of $230,000 to $510,000 per pilot project. For budgeting, an average of $370,000 per pilot project is assumed. c Operation costs include project management, systems management, administrative assistance, user support, and maintenance programmers. It also includes data expansion and travel. All total, operation costs are estimated at $600,000 per year during Phase II, and $460,000 per year after Phase II. 233

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TABLE E.3 Task Breakdown and Scheduling for Task 11: Observatory Network on Community Resilience and 234 Vulnerability Year Annual Cost Unit Cost Cost Explanation Year 1 $1.8 million (a) new location nodes: $400k/yr Annual cost assumes 6 nodes established in Phase I (3 at new (b) existing centers: $200k/yr locations, 3 at existing research centers). New nodes: personnel and infrastructure cost to establish node functions; initiate data collection. Existing centers: Less costly, as would build on existing personnel/ infrastructure. Year 2 $2.2 million (a) and (b): Same as Year 1 6 nodes continue. Network coordinating funds (NCF) to facilitate and (c) network coordinating grant: institutionalize coordination functions (e.g., measurement protocols, $400k/yr data archiving, network website, workshops, etc.). Year 3 $3.8 million (a), (b), (c): Same as above 6 nodes and NCF continue. Add 4 new nodes, potentially including “living laboratory” nodes. Year 4 $3.8 million (a), (b), (c): Same as above 10 nodes and NCF continue. Year 5 $2.85 million (a): $300k/yr 10 nodes and NCF continue. Cost reductions as infrastructure now (b): $150k/yr set up and most urgent network actions completed (e.g., common (c): $300k/yr measurement protocols, data archiving, etc.). 5-year TOTAL $14.45 million Sum of Years 1~5 costs. Years 6~20 $2.85 million/yr Maintain Year 5 funding levels; some nodes may end and be replaced by others through competition. APPENDIX E

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TABLE E.4 Summary Cost Breakdown (in $000) for Task 13: Techniques for Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing Buildings Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Task Total (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) APPENDIX E Research and Development Task ($) ($) ($) ($) Program coordination and management 90,595 4,530 4,530 4,530 Establish a coordinated research program on existing buildings 1,200 60 60 60 Develop fragility and consequence functions for archaic components 5,875 858 218 50 Develop reliable tools for collapse computations 37,250 1,050 4,075 1,163 Large-scale laboratory testing of existing building systems, incl. improved 42,300 2,115 2,115 2,115 component models In-situ testing of existing buildings and components 109,000 50 9,750 6,000 Soil-structure interaction studies 21,500 325 1,045 1,465 Develop and deploy efficient retrofit methods/techniques 15,750 825 775 775 Develop and deploy techniques for NDE of existing construction and conditions 9,750 525 475 475 Develop and deploy a building rating system 4,000 700 0 50 Evaluate reliability of and update ASCE 41 procedures for PBD of existing 18,650 2,065 1,665 0 buildings Collect, curate, and archive building inventory data across the nation 135,650 6,880 6,750 6,750 Performance-based retrofit of nonstructural components and systems 875 175 0 0 Carbon footprint of retrofit building construction 775 155 0 0 Implementation: updating of standards and guidelines; risk reduction 50,400 2,580 2,500 2,500 programs Total Cost 543,570 22,892 33,957 25,932 235

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TABLE E.5 Detailed Task Breakdown (in $000) and Scheduling for Task 13: Techniques for Evaluation and Retrofit 236 of Existing Buildingsa Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Breakdown (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) Research and Development Task Year ($) ($) ($) ($) Program coordination and management 1-20 90,595 4,530 4,530 4,530 Establish a coordinated research program on existing 1,200 60 60 60 buildings Scoping studies and workshops 1,6,11,15 800 40 40 40 Development/update of work-plans 1,6,11,15 400 20 20 20 Develop fragility and consequence functions for archaic 5,875 858 218 50 components (critical missing pieces) Scoping studies and workshop 1 100 20 0 0 Development of a work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 (not covered elsewhere, mining of existing data) Experimentation using NEES facilities 2-4 3,000 600 0 0 (Use experimental data generated elsewhere) Numerical studies using improved hysteretic models developed 4-6 1,800 180 180 0 elsewhere Develop and document fragility and consequence functions 2-8 125 13 13 0 Update functions in Years 11-20 1-5 250 0 0 25 Synthesis of results and preparation of technical briefs 5 yearly 500 25 25 25 Develop reliable tools for collapse computations 37,250 1,050 4,075 1,163 Scoping studies and workshop 3 150 30 0 0 Development of work-plan (using also work on improved 3 100 20 0 0 APPENDIX E hysteretic models)

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Experimentation using NEES facilities and E-Defense on multiple 6-10 12,000 0 2,400 0 framing systems to collapse Experimentation using NEES facilities on critical components of 4-7 7,500 750 750 0 framing systems APPENDIX E Improved hysteretic models of structural components through 4-20 4,500 225 225 225 failure Understanding the triggers for collapse of framing systems 6-10 2,250 0 450 0 Improved system-level collapse computations and FE codes 6-15 2,250 0 225 113 Validation of improved computational procedures using NEES 11-20 8,000 0 0 800 facilities and E-Defense Synthesis of results and preparation of technical briefs 5 yearly 500 25 25 25 Large-scale laboratory testing of existing building systems, 42,300 2,115 2,115 2,115 including improved component models Scoping studies and workshop 1,6,11,15 600 30 30 30 Development of work-plan 1,6,11,15 600 30 30 30 Component testing program (NEES facilities): archaic and 1-20 15,000 750 750 750 retrofitted Systems testing program (NEES/E-Defense facilities): archaic and 1-20 8,000 400 400 400 retrofitted Develop nonlinear hysteretic models 1-20 9,000 450 450 450 Validate nonlinear hysteretic models 1-20 8,000 400 400 400 Develop guidelines and tools for FE analysis 5 yearly 600 30 30 30 Synthesis of data and preparation of a technical brief 5 yearly 500 25 25 25 In-situ testing of existing buildings and components 109,000 50 9,750 6,000 Scoping studies and workshop 3 150 30 0 0 237 continued

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TABLE E.5 Continued 238 Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Breakdown (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) Research and Development Task Year ($) ($) ($) ($) Development of work-plan 3 100 20 0 0 Systems-level dynamic testing using NEES equipment: archaic 6-15 15,000 0 1,500 750 and retrofitted Numerical studies using systems-level dynamic test data 6-18 9,000 0 600 600 Systems-level testing to collapse: archaic and retrofitted 6-15 20,000 0 2,000 1,000 Numerical studies using collapse test data (supplement to above) 6-18 6,000 0 400 400 Component-level testing to failure: archaic and retrofitted 6-15 40,000 0 4,000 2,000 Numerical studies using component test data 6-18 18,000 0 1,200 1,200 Develop and validate nonlinear hysteretic models (included 0 0 0 0 elsewhere) Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 10, 15, 20 750 0 50 50 Soil-structure interaction studies 21,500 325 1,045 1,465 Scoping studies and workshop 5 200 40 0 0 Development of work-plan 5 100 20 0 0 Centrifuge testing programs (alternate soils, layers, ground water 6-10 3,750 0 750 0 table) Develop simplified guidelines and tools for isolated structures 11-15 1,350 0 0 135 Develop simplified guidelines and tools for clusters of structures 11-15 1,350 0 0 135 Develop procedures for time-domain FE analysis 6-10, 2,700 0 270 135 15-20 APPENDIX E

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Develop procedures for probabilistic SSI analysis 1-5 1,200 240 0 0 Implementation of time and frequency domain algorithms in FE codes 11-15 1,350 0 0 135 Validation of numerical tools by experimentation using NEES 11-15 6,000 0 0 600 facilities and E-Defense APPENDIX E Update of tools and procedures in Years 16-20 3,000 0 0 300 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 5, 10, 15, 500 25 25 25 20 Develop and deploy efficient retrofit methods/techniques 15,750 825 775 775 Scoping studies and workshop 1 150 30 0 0 Development of work-plan 2 100 20 0 0 Develop alternate retrofit strategies 2-18 15,000 750 750 750 Deploy and test retrofit strategies (Included elsewhere) 0 0 0 0 Develop and validate nonlinear hysteretic models of retrofitted 0 0 0 0 components (Included elsewhere) Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 5, 10, 15, 500 25 25 25 20 Develop and deploy techniques for NDE of existing 9,750 525 475 475 construction and conditions Scoping studies and workshop (utilize existing building 150 30 0 0 construction; included elsewhere) Development of work-plan 2 100 20 0 0 Develop alternate NDE strategies 3-20 9,000 450 450 450 Deploy and test alternate NDE strategies 3-20 0 0 0 0 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 5, 10, 15, 500 25 25 25 20 239 continued

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TABLE E.5 Continued 240 Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Breakdown (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) Research and Development Task Year ($) ($) ($) ($) Develop and deploy a building rating system 4,000 700 0 50 Scoping studies and workshop 1 200 40 0 0 Development of work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Numerical studies using data and PBD developed elsewhere 2-4 3,000 600 0 0 Update building rating system in Year 20 20 300 0 0 30 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 5 and 20 400 40 0 20 Evaluate reliability, and update, ASCE 41 procedures for 18,650 2,065 1,665 0 performance-based design of existing buildings Scoping studies and workshop 1 150 30 0 0 Development of work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Develop a method to translate test data into acceptance criteria 2 200 40 0 0 Benchmark linear and nonlinear static procedures using nonlinear 2-4 1,800 360 0 0 dynamic analysis Benchmark all analysis procedures using earthquake data 2-4 1,800 360 0 0 Calibrate retrofit standards against performance expectations for 6-8 1,800 0 360 0 new buildings Clarify performance expectations in ASCE 31/41 9 and 10 250 0 50 0 Revise linear and nonlinear static procedures based on benchmarking 4-5 150 30 0 0 Evaluation of procedures/acceptance criteria using NEES facilities 2-5 6,000 1,200 0 0 Evaluation of system-level predictions using NEES facilities and 6-8 6,000 0 1,200 0 E-Defense APPENDIX E

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Update of nonlinear dynamic analysis procedures 8-10 150 0 30 0 Synthesis of results and preparation of technical briefs 5 and 10 250 25 25 0 Collect, curate, and archive building inventory data across the 135,650 6,880 6,750 6,750 APPENDIX E nation Scoping studies and workshop 1 task 200 40 0 0 Development of work-plan and standardized procedures 1 task 150 30 0 0 Develop procedures to track replacement of deficient buildings and 2 and 3 300 60 0 0 update archive/loss estimates 50 cities 1-20 135,000 6,750 6,750 6,750 Performance-based retrofit of nonstructural components and 875 175 0 0 systems Scoping studies and workshop 1 150 30 0 0 Development of a work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Develop procedures, tools, and recommendations for retrofit of 2 and 3 500 100 0 0 architectural and M/E/P components and systems Prepare technical brief 4 125 25 0 0 Carbon footprint of retrofit building construction 775 155 0 0 Scoping studies and workshop 1 150 30 0 0 Development of a work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Carbon footprint calculation framework 2 and 3 100 20 0 0 Carbon footprint calculations for retrofit construction 3 and 4 100 20 0 0 Inclusion of carbon-based effects in loss computations 4 and 5 200 40 0 0 Prepare a technical brief 5 125 25 0 0 241 continued

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TABLE E.7 Continued 250 Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Breakdown (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) Research and Development Task Year ($) ($) ($) ($) Expand ATC-58 PBD methodology 2,800 280 150 65 Scoping studies and workshop 1 150 30 0 0 Development of a work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Expand methodology to include ground deformation 11-13 200 0 0 20 Expand methodology to include post-earthquake flooding 11-13 200 0 0 20 Extend methodology to lifelines 2-4 500 100 0 0 Extend methodology to earthen structures 2-4 200 40 0 0 Extend methodology to selected infrastructure 6-10 500 0 100 0 Extend methodology to flood protection structures 2-4 200 40 0 0 Prepare technical briefs 5, 10, 15 750 50 50 25 PB design of nonstructural components and systems 1,325 265 0 0 Scoping studies and workshop 1 100 20 0 0 Development of a work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Develop procedures and tools for architectural and M/E/P 2-5 1,000 200 0 0 components systems Prepare technical brief 5 125 25 0 0 Smart/innovative/adaptive/sustainable components and 51,500 2,500 2,500 2,650 framing systems Development and deployment of smart framing systems, incl. 1-20 20,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 hysteretic models APPENDIX E

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Development and deployment of adaptive components, incl. 1-20 20,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 hysteretic models Development and deployment of sustainable components 1-20 10,000 500 500 500 (systems), incl. hysteretic models Preparation of standards and guidelines for smart framing 11-20 500 0 0 50 APPENDIX E systems Preparation of standards and guidelines for adaptive 11-20 500 0 0 50 components Preparation of standards and guidelines for sustainable 11-20 500 0 0 50 components Carbon footprint of new and retrofit building construction 675 135 0 0 Scoping studies and workshop 1 150 30 0 0 Development of a work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Carbon footprint calculation framework for new and archaic 2 and 3 100 20 0 0 framing systems Carbon footprint calculations for retrofit construction 3 and 4 100 20 0 0 Inclusion of carbon-based effects in loss computations 4 and 5 100 20 0 0 Prepare a technical brief 5 125 25 0 0 Implementation: updating of standards and guidelines 20,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 Total Cost 891,510 46,742 47,712 41,924 aBold headings within the Research and Development Task column represent the overarching title and cost summary of underlying non-bold components. 251

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TABLE E.8 Summary Cost Breakdown (in $000) for Task 16: Next Generation Sustainable Materials, Components, 252 and Systems Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Total (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) Research and Development Task ($) ($) ($) ($) Engineering research center management 55,735 2,787 2,787 2,787 Investigate and characterize new materials 73,300 4,685 6,575 1,700 Devise new modular precast components and framing systems 8,175 0 835 400 Develop tools, technologies, and details to join new materials 16,000 0 1,100 1,050 Prototype components, connections, and framing systems 8,200 0 469 586 Moderate and full-scale testing of components with new materials using NEES 50,700 0 0 5,070 infrastructure Full-scale tests of 3D framing systems 15,550 0 0 1,555 Develop design tools and equations for new materials 8,000 0 0 800 Develop and characterize a new family of adaptive materials 15,650 0 1,600 765 Develop robust algorithms for controlling the response of adaptive materials 5,300 0 0 530 Develop a family of low-cost, low-power, zero maintenance wireless sensors 12,800 685 625 625 Prototype adaptive materials and components at the macro scale 8,100 0 0 810 Develop algorithms to control response of framing systems with adaptive 8,000 0 0 800 components Moderate and full-scale testing of adaptive components using NEES infrastructure 25,550 0 0 2,555 Full-scale tests of adaptive 3D framing systems 15,350 0 0 1,535 Develop design tools and equations for adaptive components and systems 8,000 0 0 800 Total Cost 334,410 8,157 13,990 22,368 APPENDIX E

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TABLE E.9 Summary Cost Breakdown (in $000) for Task 16: Next Generation Sustainable Materials, Components, and Systemsa Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Breakdown (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) APPENDIX E Research and Development Task Year ($) ($) ($) ($) Engineering research center management 1-20 55,735 2,787 2,787 2,787 Investigate and characterize new materials 73,300 4,685 6,575 1,700 Scoping studies and workshop 1 200 40 0 0 Development of work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Small-scale characterization studies—concrete (low-cement, very 2-10 15,000 1,500 1,500 0 high strength, fiber-reinforced) Small-scale characterization studies—metals 2-10 15,000 1,500 1,500 0 Small-scale characterization—polymers 2-10 15,000 1,500 1,500 0 Small-scale characterization—others 6-15 7,500 0 750 375 Develop micro-mechanical models for new materials 6-20 18,000 0 1,200 1,200 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 5, 10, 15, 2,500 125 125 125 20 Devise new modular precast components and framing systems 8,175 0 835 400 Scoping studies and workshop 6 200 0 40 0 Development of work-plan 6 100 0 20 0 Develop new components and systems 7-15 7,500 0 750 375 Synthesis of data and preparation of a technical brief 10, 15, 20 375 0 25 25 Develop tools, technologies, and details to join new materials 16,000 0 1,100 1,050 Scoping studies and workshop 6 150 0 30 0 Development of work-plan 6 100 0 20 0 253 continued

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TABLE E.9 Continued 254 Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Breakdown (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) Research and Development Task Year ($) ($) ($) ($) Component testing program (small scale) 7-20 15,000 0 1,000 1,000 Synthesis of data and preparation of a technical brief 10, 15, 20 750 0 50 50 Prototype components, connections, and framing systems 8,200 0 469 586 Scoping studies and workshop 8 100 0 20 0 Development of work-plan 8 100 0 20 0 Prototype components, connections, and systems 9-15 7,500 0 429 536 Synthesis of data and preparation of a technical brief 15, 20 500 0 0 50 Moderate and full-scale testing of components with new 50,700 0 0 5,070 materials using NEES infrastructure Scoping studies and workshop 11 100 0 0 10 Development of work-plan 11 100 0 0 10 Component testing program (reaction walls/floors, laminar boxes) 12-20 30,000 0 0 3,000 using NEES facilities Develop nonlinear hysteretic models and design equations for 12-20 9,000 0 0 900 materials standards Implementation of models in FE codes 12-20 9,000 0 0 900 Develop fragility and consequence functions for PBD 12-20 2,000 0 0 200 Synthesis of data and preparation of a technical brief 15, 20 500 0 0 50 Full-scale tests of 3D framing systems 15,550 0 0 1,555 Scoping studies and workshop 16 200 0 0 20 Development of work-plan 16 100 0 0 10 APPENDIX E

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Full-scale testing using NEES facilities and E-Defense 17-20 12,500 0 0 1,250 Validation of numerical tools and models 18-20 2,250 0 0 225 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 15 and 20 500 0 0 50 Develop design tools and equations for new materials 8,000 0 0 800 APPENDIX E Scoping studies and workshop 16 200 0 0 20 Development of work-plan 16 100 0 0 10 Develop design tools and equations 17-20 4,500 0 0 450 Prepare materials standards (e.g., ACI 318) 17-20 2,700 0 0 270 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 20 500 0 0 50 Develop and characterize a new family of adaptive materials 15,650 0 1,600 765 Scoping studies and workshop 6 200 0 40 0 Development of work-plan 6 150 0 30 0 Develop and characterize new materials and fluids 7-15 15,000 0 1,500 750 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 10 and 15 300 0 30 15 Develop robust algorithms for controlling the response of 5,300 0 0 530 adaptive materials Scoping studies and workshop 11 150 0 0 15 Development of work-plan 11 150 0 0 15 Algorithm development and validation 12-18 4,500 0 0 450 Synthesis of data and preparation of a technical brief 15 and 20 500 0 0 50 Develop a family of low-cost, low-power, zero maintenance 12,800 685 625 625 wireless sensors Scoping studies and workshop 1 200 40 0 0 Development of work-plan 1 100 20 0 0 Develop sensors 2-20 12,000 600 600 600 255 continued

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TABLE E.9 Continued 256 Task Years 1-5 Years 6-10 Years 11-20 Breakdown (Annualized) (Annualized) (Annualized) Research and Development Task Year ($) ($) ($) ($) Synthesis of results and preparation of technical briefs 5, 10, 15, 500 25 25 25 20 Prototype adaptive materials and components at the macro scale 8,100 0 0 810 Scoping studies and workshop 11 200 0 0 20 Development of work-plan 11 150 0 0 15 Prototype components, connections, and systems 12-15 7,500 0 0 750 Synthesis of results and preparation of technical briefs 15 and 20 250 0 0 25 Develop algorithms to control response of framing systems 8,000 0 0 800 with adaptive components Scoping studies and workshop 11 150 0 0 15 Development of a work-plan 11 100 0 0 10 Algorithm development and validation by testing 12-20 7,500 0 0 750 Synthesis of results and preparation of technical briefs 15 and 20 250 0 0 25 Moderate and full-scale testing of adaptive components using 25,550 0 0 2,555 NEES infrastructure Scoping studies and workshop 15 200 0 0 20 Development of work-plan 15 100 0 0 10 Component testing program (reaction walls/floors, laminar boxes) 16-20 15,000 0 0 1,500 using NEES facilities Develop nonlinear hysteretic models and design equations for 16-20 4,500 0 0 450 materials standards Implementation of models in FE codes 16-20 4,500 0 0 450 APPENDIX E

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Develop fragility and consequence functions for PBD 16-20 1,000 0 0 100 Synthesis of data and preparation of a technical brief 20 250 0 0 25 Full-scale tests of adaptive 3D framing systems 15,350 0 0 1,535 APPENDIX E Scoping studies and workshop 16 200 0 0 20 Development of work-plan 16 150 0 0 15 Full-scale testing using NEES facilities and E-Defense 17-20 12,500 0 0 1,250 Validation of numerical tools and models 18-20 2,250 0 0 225 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 20 250 0 0 25 Develop design tools and equations for adaptive components 8,000 0 0 800 and systems Scoping studies and workshop 16 200 0 0 20 Development of work-plan 16 100 0 0 10 Develop design tools and equations 17-20 4,500 0 0 450 Prepare materials standards (e.g., ACI 318) 17-20 2,700 0 0 270 Synthesis of data and preparation of technical briefs 20 500 0 0 50 Total Cost 334,410 8,157 13,990 22,367 aBold headings within the Research and Development Task column represent the overarching title and cost summary of underlying non-bold components. 257

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TABLE E.10 Cost Breakdown (in $million) for Task 18: Earthquake-Resilient Communities and Regional 258 Demonstration Projectsa Task Expenditure by Year Total Budget Component Cost 1-2 3 4 5 6 7 8-9 10 11-13 14 15-17 18 19 20 Program management 22 0.5 0.5 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 1.38 1.38 1.38 1.38 1.38 1.38 1.375 and support National outreach 20 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 and information Strategy preparation 1 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Data collection and 5 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 profile Independent research 20 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 Community outreach 840 0 7.5 15 30 45 52.5 60 60 60 60 60 45 30 15 Gap-filling (tools, 5 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 guidance, etc.) Monitor, evaluate, 0 0.25 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 analysis, feedback, revision Revise strategy 2 0 0 0 0 0.5 0 0 0.5 0 0.5 0 0.5 0 0 Annual workshop 3 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 State participation 73.5 0 0.75 2.25 3.0 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 (estimate 30 states) Total Cost 1,001 3.9 12 21.3 37 54 61 68.5 69.5 69 69.5 69 54.5 39 24 APPENDIX E

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a Task 18 Assumptions: • Community component (ramping up and down)—The proposal is to identify early adoption communities to conduct pilot and demonstration programs in about 280 communities. The project would begin by selecting 10 pilot communities in years 3 and 4 to test and develop the program and materials. In years 5-16 the project would add 20 demonstration communities. Pilot and demonstration communities would receive an average of $750,000 per year for 4 years after which they would be expected to have the information, understanding, tools, organizations, motivation, and APPENDIX E support needed to sustain resilience-improving efforts into the future. • Data collection (data profiling) would occur during the first 2 years in coordination with development of the strategy, and then each year as new communities require individual hazard assessments, etc. • Program management and support staff costs would be budgeted at the GS13 salary range, about $125,000/year including benefits. The initial staff would be 4 in number, 3 additional staff persons would be added in year 4, and 3 additional staff persons in year 10 for a total of 11. (4 × 125 = 500,000; 7 x .125 = .875; 11 x .125 = 1.375) • Existing centers at Delaware (DRC), University of South Carolina, Texas A&M, UCLA, USC CREATES Center have the capability to do com - munity assessments and evaluation of the program and individual communities. • National outreach provides funds for providing information, engaging specialists, evaluating events that occur, etc. • Consultation at the state level will be important in the selection and support of the communities. • Leverage with the other components—National Seismic Hazard Maps, HAZUS, community-specific hazard maps, earthquake provisions in codes, training materials for professionals, learning from earthquakes presentations at annual workshops, NSF could sponsor research on the process. • Must describe outcomes of more resilient communities in more meaningful terms such as codes adopted and enforced, community understand - ing, land-use plans that consider earthquake hazard, that measures taken before earthquakes will have a multihazard application • Community strategy could “require” a comprehensive school earthquake safety element (awareness, curriculum, preparedness, building analysis and mitigation). 259

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