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154 SCIENTIFIC APPROACHES USED TO INVESTIGATE THE ANTHRAX LETTERS Bush, L.M., Abrams, B.H., Beall, A., and C.C. Johnson. 2001. Index case of fatal inhalational anthrax due to bioterrorism in the United States. N Engl J Med, 345(22):1607-1610. Carrera, M., Zandomeni, R.O., Fitzgibbon, J., and J.L. Sagripanti. 2007. Difference between the spore sizes of Bacillus anthracis and other Bacillus species. J Appl Microbiol, 102(2):303-312. CBS News.com. 2008. Anthrax Suspect Reportedly Commits Suicide: Top Biodefense Researcher Knew Justice Department Was About to File Charges. Retrieved June 17, 2010, from http:// wbztv.com/national/anthrax.scientist.suicide.2.785279.html. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2001a. Ongoing Investigation of Anthrax— Florida, October 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 50(40):877. CDC. 2001b. Update: Investigation of Anthrax Associated with Intentional Exposure and Interim Public Health Guidelines, October 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 50(41):889-893. CDC. 2001c. Update: Investigation of Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax and Interim Guidelines for Exposure Management and Antimicrobial Therapy, October 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 50(42):909-919. Cole, L.A. 2009. The Anthrax Letters: A Bioterrorism Expert Investigates the Attacks that Shocked America. New York: Skyhorse Publishing. Colwell, R. 2009. University of Maryland College Park and Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. Presentation to the committee, September 24. Cybulski, R.J., Jr., Sanz, P., Alem, F., Stibitz, S., Bull, R.L., and A.D. O’Brien. 2009. Four superoxide dismutases contribute to Bacillus anthracis virulence and provide spores with redundant protection from oxidative stress. Infect Immun, 77(1):274-285. Didenko, V.V. 2001. DNA probes using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET): Designs and applications. Biotechniques, 31(5):1106-1116, 1118, 1120-1121. DPG (United States Army Dugway Proving Ground). 2004. SEM Photos of B. antracis [sic] Ames Production, Dugway Proving Grounds [sic]. (B1M13D4). DPG. 2006. Final Report for the Analytical Chemistry Analysis of Anthrax Powders, DTC Project Number 8-CO-480-000-0068. February 1. (B1M13D3). Driks, A. 2009. The Bacillus anthracis spore. Mol Aspects Med, 30(6):368-373. Dull, P.M., Wilson, K.E., et al. 2002. Bacillus anthracis aerosolization associated with a contami- nated mail sorting machine. Emerg Infect Dis, 8(10):1044-1047. Easterday, W.R., Van Ert, M.N., Simonson, T.S., Wagner, D.M., Kenefic, L.J., Allender, C.J., et al. 2005a. Use of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the plcR gene for specific identification of Bacillus anthracis. J Clin Microbiol, 43(4):1995-1997. Easterday, W.R., Van Ert, M.N., Zanecki, S., and P. Keim. 2005b. Specific detection of Bacillus anthracis using a TaqMan mismatch amplification mutation assay. Biotechniques, 38(5):731-735. Elena, S.F., and R.E. Lenski. 2003. Evolution experiments with microorganisms: The dynamics and genetic bases of adaptation. Nat Rev Genet, 4(6):457-469. Ember, L.R. 2006. Anthrax sleuthing: Science aids a nettlesome FBI criminal probe. Chem Eng News, 18(49):47-54. FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation). 2011. Communication to the committee, January 3. FBI. 2010a. Communication to the committee, January 13. FBI. 2010b. Communication to the committee, January 25. FBI. 2009. Presentation to the committee, September 24. FBI. 2008a. The Search for Anthrax, Retrieved September 12, 2010, from http://www.fbi.gov/ about-us/history/famous-cases/anthrax-amerithrax/the-search-for-anthrax. FBI. 2008b. Anthrax Investigation: Closing a Chapter, August 6. Headline Archives . Retrieved June 16, 2010, from http://www.fbi.gov/page2/august08/amerithrax080608a.html. FBI. 2008c. Press Conference for Scientific Media with Dr. Vahid Majidi, Assistant Director of the FBI Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate and Dr. D. Christian Hassell, FBI Laboratory Director Regarding the Science of the Anthrax Investigation. FBI National Press Office, August 18. Washington, D.C. FBI/USDOJ (United States Department of Justice). 2011. Presentation to the committee, January 14.

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