biochemical and molecular neuroscience; epidemiology/methodology; and the pathobiology of traumatic brain injury. In addition to its reviews of literature and discussions in closed meetings, the committee had the opportunity to have rich discussion with other experts in clinical care and research during two public workshops. On behalf of the committee, I sincerely thank the participants and speakers who contributed to the two workshops held to inform this study (see Appendix A) and to address topics critical to the completion of the committee’s work. Their presentations served as essential references and resources for the committee.

The majority of the committee recommendations direct DoD to conduct research. It is the opinion of the committee that nutrition is a promising component of managing TBI, but many answers are still needed before any nutrition intervention can be utilized.

I would like to express my appreciation to Andrew Young, Chief of the Military Nutrition Division for his help in clarifying the task of the committee and being available to answer questions. I also would like to gratefully acknowledge the effort and skill that committee members brought to this report. Their backgrounds and experience made it possible to integrate nutritional science and neuroscience and to think forward about improving the outcomes of TBI. Finally, I thank the project staff of the National Academies: Maria Oria, study director, Laura Pillsbury, associate program officer, and Gui Liu, senior program assistant for their tireless dedication to the production of this report.

TBI also is a major health concern for the civilian population, and the actual burden of TBI in the United States is underestimated. It is my hope that this report assists not only DoD in its efforts to improve outcomes from TBI but also the public health community as a whole. I envision that this report will encourage different groups to work together toward answering the many answers still remaining.

John W. Erdman, Chair

Committee on Nutrition, Trauma, and the Brain

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