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The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding
Transsexual—An individual who strongly identifies with the other sex and seeks hormones and/or sex reassignment surgery to feminize or masculinize the body; may live full time in the cross-gender role.
Two spirit—Adopted in 1990 at the third annual spiritual gathering of GLBT Natives, the term derives from the northern Algonquin word niizhmanitoag, meaning “two spirits,” and refers to the inclusion of both feminine and masculine components in one individual (Anguksuar, 1997).
Vaginoplasty—A surgical procedure to construct a vagina.
Anguksuar, L. R. 1997. A postcolonial perspective on western [mis]conceptions of the cosmos and the restoration of indigenous taxonomies. In Two-spirit people: Native Americangender identity, sexuality, and spirituality, edited by S.E. Jacobs, W. Thomas, and S. Lang. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press. Pp. 217–222.
Blanchard, R. 1989. The concept of autogynephilia and the typology of male gender dysphoria. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 177:616–623.
Bockting, W. O. 1999. From construction to context: Gender through the eyes of the transgendered. SIECUS Report 1(Oct./Nov.):3–7.
Cohen-Kettenis, P. T., and L. J. G. Gooren. 1999. Transsexualism: A review of etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 46(4):315–333.
Knudsen, S.V. 2006. Intersectionality—A theoretical inspiration in the analysis of minority cultures and identities in textbooks. Paper presented at Eighth International Conference on Learning and Educational Media, October 26–29, 2005, Caen, France.
Lee, P. A., C. P. Houk, S. F. Ahmed, and I. A. Hughes. 2006. Consensus statement on management of intersex disorders. Pediatrics 118(2):e488–500.
Murad, M. H., M. B. Elamin, M. Z. Garcia, R. J. Mullan, A. Murad, P. J. Erwin, and V. M. Montori. 2010. Hormonal therapy and sex reassignment: A systematic review and meta-analysis of quality of life and psychosocial outcomes. Clinical Endocrinology 72(2): 214–231.
Riley, B. H. 2010. GLB adolescent’s “coming out.” Journal of Child & Adolescent PsychiatricNursing 23(1):3–10.