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D DESIGN TEAM MEMBERS PHYSICAL SCIENCES Lead Joseph Krajcik, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Joseph Krajcik is professor of science education and associate dean for research in the School of Education at the University of Michigan. He co-directs the Center for Highly Interactive Classrooms, Curriculum, and Computing in Education at the University of Michigan and is a co-principal investigator in the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science and the National Center for Learning and Teaching Nanoscale Science and Engineering. He has authored or co-authored many manuscripts and makes frequent presentations at international, national, and regional conferences. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and served as president of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching in 1999. Krajcik taught high school chemistry before obtaining a Ph.D. in science education from the University of Iowa and has been a guest professor at the Beijing Normal University in China as well as the Weston visiting professor of science education at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. Members Shawn Stevens, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Sophia Gershman, Princeton Plasma Physics Lab, Princeton, NJ, and Watchung Hills Regional High School, Warren, NJ 365
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Arthur Eisenkraft, University of Massachusetts, Boston Angelica Stacy, University of California, Berkeley LIFE SCIENCES Lead Rodger Bybee, Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Colorado Springs Roger Bybee served as executive director of Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) from 1999 to 2007. He also served as chair of both the science forum and the science expert group for the 2006 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). In addition, he worked on the 1999 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study science lesson video study. His major areas of work have included scientific literacy, scientific inquiry, the design and development of school science curricula, the role of policy in science education, and work on inter- national assessments, in particular PISA. He recently retired from BSCS but contin- ues consulting and publishing on policies, programs, and practices for science edu- cation at local, national, and international levels. He has a Ph.D. from New York University and M.A. and B.A. degrees from the University of Northern Colorado. Members Bruce Fuchs, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD Kathy Comfort, WestEd, San Francisco Danine Ezell, San Diego County Office of Education EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCES Lead Michael Wysession, Washington University, St. Louis Michael Wysession is associate professor of earth and planetary sciences at Washington University in St. Louis. An established leader in seismology and geophysical education, he is noted for his development of a new way to create three-dimensional images of Earth’s interior from seismic waves. These images have provided scientists with insights into the makeup of Earth and its evolution throughout history. Wysession is co-author of An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure; the lead author of Physical Science: Concepts in Action; and co-author of the K-6 Integrated Science textbook program. He received a science and engineering fellowship from the David and Lucille Packard Foundation, a National Science Foundation presidential faculty fellowship, and A Framework for K-12 Science Education 366
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fellowships from the Kemper and Lily Foundations. He received the Innovation Award of the St. Louis Science Academy and the Distinguished Faculty Award of Washington University. In 2005, he had a distinguished lectureship with the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology and the Seismological Society of America. He has an Sc.B. in geophysics from Brown University and a Ph.D. from Northwestern University. Members Scott Linneman, Western Washington University, Bellingham Eric Pyle, James Madison University Dennis Schatz, Pacific Science Center, Seattle Don Duggan-Haas, Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, NY ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY, AND APPLICATIONS OF SCIENCE Lead Cary Sneider, Portland State University, Oregon Cary Sneider is associate research professor at Portland State University in Portland, Oregon, where he teaches courses in research methodology for teachers in master’s degree programs and consults for a number of organizations, includ- ing Achieve, Inc., the Noyce Foundation, and the state of Washington’s Office of Public Instruction. He is currently co-chair of the planning committee to develop the National Assessment of Educational Progress’s technology framework. He has taught science at the middle and high school levels in California, Maine, Costa Rica, and Micronesia. During the past 10 years, Sneider was vice president for educator programs at the Museum of Science in Boston and previously served as director of astronomy and physics education at the Lawrence Hall of Science, University of California, Berkeley. His curriculum development and research inter- ests have focused on helping students unravel their misconceptions in science and on new ways to link science centers and schools to promote student inquiry. Members Rodney L. Custer, Illinois State University, Normal Jacob Foster, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Malden Yvonne Spicer, National Center for Technological Literacy, Museum of Science, Boston Maurice Frazier, Chesapeake Public School System, Chesapeake, VA 367 Appendix D
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Marking the culmination of a three-year, multiphase process, on April 10th, 2013, a 26-state consortium released the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school.
Print copies of the Next Generation Science Standards are available for pre-order now or you can view the online version at nextgenscience.org
The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.