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Abbreviations AAALAC Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science AALAS American Association for Laboratory Animal Science AAVMC Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges ABSL animal biosafety level ACCMAL Central American, Caribbean, and Mexican Association for Laboratory Animal Science ACLAM American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine AMCAL Mexican Association for Laboratory Animal Science AMMRA Asian Mouse Mutagenesis Resources Association APC UK Animal Procedures Committee AQSIQ Provincial Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine (China) ASLAP American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners AV attending veterinarian AVA Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority AVMA American Veterinary Medical Association BAC bacterial artificial chromosome CALAM/ACMAL Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Medicine CAST Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (US) CCAC Canadian Council on Animal Care CEDD center of excellence for drug discovery CENEVAL National Center for Higher Education Evaluation (Mexico) CHORI Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute (California) CIOMS Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences CMMR Canadian Mouse Mutant Repository CNRS National Center for Scientific Research (France) ConeVet National Council for Veterinary Medical Education (academic branch of the Mexican Veterinary Medical Association) CPCSEA Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (India) CPMP Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products CRISP NIH Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects system CRO contract research organization ECLAM European College of Laboratory Animal Medicine ECVAM European Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods 249

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250 Animal Research in a Global Environment: Meeting the Challenges EE enriched environment or environmental enrichment EFSA European Food Safety Authority EMMA European Mouse Mutant Archive ENU ethylnitrosourea ESC embryonic stem cell ESLAV European Society of Laboratory Animal Veterinarians ETS 123 European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals Used for Experimental and Other Scientific Purposes EUCOMM European Conditional Mouse Mutagenesis EUMODIC European Mouse Disease Clinic FDA US Food and Drug Administration FELASA Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations FeSSACAL South American Federation for Laboratory Animal Science FIMRe Federation of International Mouse Resources GEMM genetically engineered mouse model GLP good laboratory practice GM genetically modified or genetic modification the Guide Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (NRC report) HO Home Office (UK) HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning IACLAM International Association of Colleges of Laboratory Animal Medicine IACUC institutional animal care and use committee IATA International Air Transport Association ICCVAM Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods ICH International Council on Harmonization ICLAS International Council for Laboratory Animal Science IKMC International Knockout Mouse Consortium iPS induced pluripotent stem [cell] IRAC Interagency Research Animal Committee JAX Jackson Laboratory JCLAM Japanese College of Laboratory Animal Medicine KOMP Knockout Mouse Project LAM laboratory animal medicine LAR Live Animals Regulations MMRRC Mutant Mouse Regional Resource Centers MOU memorandum of understanding MSM Mus musculus molossinus MTA materials transfer agreement NACLAR National Advisory Committee for Laboratory Animal Research (Singapore) NC3Rs UK National Center for Replacement, Refinement, and Reduction of Animals in Research NCRR National Center for Research Resources (at US NIH)

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Abbreviations 251 NGO nongovernmental organization NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) NHP nonhuman primate(s) NIH US National Institutes of Health NorCOMM North American Conditional Mouse Mutagenesis [Project] NTP National Toxicology Program OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OIE Office International des Epizooties, now the World Organization for Animal Health (but still goes by OIE) OLAW Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (at US NIH) PAHO Pan American Health Organization PCR polymerase chain reaction PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals PHS US Public Health Service RFID radio frequency identification SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome SIV simian immunodeficiency virus TA teaching assistant TACT Air Cargo Tariff [book] TCP Toronto Centre for Phenogenomics USAMRIID United States Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases VICH International Cooperation on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Veterinary Medicinal Products VRL Virus Reference Laboratory