- A more comprehensive review of export controls could be beneficial. Issues include possibly cutting back the U.S. Munitions List and the Commerce Control List to those items that are of unique U.S. content and that represent significant military value. Examination of the broad value of the deemed export rule is another possible topic. Other issues include the export of experimental navigational research satellites and the export of commercial satellites, where oversight could be moved back to the Department of Commerce. The possibility of sunsetting technologies, or automatically removing them from the Commerce Control List after a certain time, was also raised.
- Embargoes and sanctions, which were not covered in the plenary talks, were also discussed in the breakout session. In these cases it is difficult to predict what is going to be regulated or not, because decisions may be based on current foreign policy and political concerns. It might make sense to harmonize export control laws with the sanctions regime and review existing sanctions.
National Research Council, Committee on Science, Security, and Prosperity and Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security. 2009. Beyond ‘Fortress America’: National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.