allows stakeholders to have a shared understanding of differences in scientific assessment of preferences regarding health outcomes, which can help to determine whether additional data are needed and whether those data will meet thresholds for influencing future regulatory action. Decision conferencing and MCDA, however, may not be appropriate for every situation, and benefit–risk assessments should be scalable to the severity and scope of the particular public health concern at issue, the level of controversy surrounding it, and FDA resource constraints.

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