types of programs that have varied literacy development practices and that lack alignment with K-12 education and college systems that offer literacy instruction, and (3) the instructional and other supports that enable adults to persist in programs and practice skills outside the classroom. These factors affect the quality of instruction to be implemented, the feasibility of conducting the needed research, and the potential for broad dissemination and implementation of the practices that are identified as effective.
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Committee on Learning Sciences: Foundations and Applications to Adolescent and Adult Literacy, National Research Council "
Improving Adult Literacy Instruction: Options for Practice and Research . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.