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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Breast Cancer and the Environment: The Scientific Evidence, Research Methodology, and Future Directions.

  Breast cancer and the environment : a life course approach / Committee on Breast Cancer and the Environment: The Scientific Evidence, Research Methodology, and Future Directions, Board on Health Care Services, Board on Health Sciences Policy.

        p. ; cm.

  Includes bibliographical references.

  ISBN 978-0-309-22069-9 (pbk.) — ISBN 978-0-309-22070-5 (PDF)

  I. Title.

  [DNLM: 1. Breast Neoplasms—etiology. 2. Environmental Exposure—adverse effects. 3. Breast Neoplasms—prevention & control. 4. Risk Factors. WP 870]

  362.19699’449—dc23

2012007110

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Copyright 2012 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Cover credit: Illustration by Diana Ong/Getty Images.

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2012. Breast cancer and the environment: A life course approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.



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